Ras Abu Galum National Park Egypt tours, prices, booking

Ras Abu Galum National Park in Sharm El Sheikh is one of the most picturesque Protected areas in Egypt. In fact, Ras Abu Galum National Park’s spectacular granite mountains end abruptly on a narrow coastal plain. Moreover, they fronted by rich coral reefs. The area also encloses narrow sinuous valleys, fresh water springs, coastal sand dunes, gravel alluvial fans, raised fossil reefs and low-lying semi sabkha.

The South Sinai reserves in general and Ras Abu Galum in particular, contain varied ecosystems and habitat types. Management of these areas based on the premise. They all contained habitats which linked by physical and biological processes. High altitude deserts and connecting wadi systems form catchment watersheds, providing fresh water to habitats at lower elevations. The highlands provide for a multitude of micro-habitats supporting flora and fauna. In fact, they well adapted to this environment.

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During infrequent winter rains, flash floods will wash through wadis transporting seeds and organic materials to lowland areas. Gravels and sands also transported. These deposited in downstream areas often establishing new areas for plant growth. Small, shaded indentations on hillsides will retain water for extended periods and serve as water reservoirs for local fauna. When water and forage is scarce these animals move to lowland areas. Ras Abu Galum houses 167 plant species, 44 of these species seen only in this area. It is a floristic frontier falling under the influence of a tropical climate but having predominantly Mediterranean conditions.

The area contains the largest number of Nubian Ibex, Hyrax, Red Fox and Striped Hyena. Ten species of lizards and snakes have been identified in the area where three of them are very dangerous namely the Black Cobra, the Horned Viper and Burton’s Carpet Viper. Fringe reef is near the coast. Ras Abu Galum Protected Area managed to ensure that its natural resources are safeguarded from all destructive activities. As a result, diving sites and shore access points prepared. The nature trails through mountain areas identified. The area is being kept clean and Bedouin fishing activities regulated. In fact, a visitor center under construction.

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