Senusret I Obelisk Fayoum Egypt tours, prices, booking
Senusret I Obelisk located in Fayoum city, Egypt. In fact, Senusret I Obelisk made of the red red granite. Nowadays, the obelisk stands in Gamal Abdul Nasser square in Fayoum city. Gamal Abdul Nasser road. Moreover. The obelisk features has inscriptions on it, but they are hardly visible. The inscriptions mention Senusert, Horus, Amun, Isis and more. Furthermore, the obelisk is 13 meter high and has a round top. The Obelisk built for Senusret I (1971 – 1926 BC). Later, it placed here to honor a project of fertilization of the region. Senusret I (also Sesostris I and Senwosret I) was the second pharaoh of the Twelfth Dynasty of Egypt.
He ruled from 1971 to 1926 BC. In fact, he was one of the most powerful kings of this Dynasty. Moreover, he was the son of Amenemhat I and his wife Nefertitanen. His wife and sister was Neferu. She was also the mother of the successor Amenemhat II. Sesostris I known by his prénom, Kheperkare, which means “the Ka of Re created”. He continued his father’s aggressive expansionist policies against Nubia. In fact, it was by initiating two expeditions into this region in his 10th and 18th years. Moreover, established Egypt‘s formal southern border near the second cataract. It is where he placed a garrison and a victory stele. He also organized an expedition to a Western Desert oasis in the Libyan desert. Senwosret I established diplomatic relations with some rulers of towns in Syria and Canaan.
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He also tried to centralize the country’s political structure. In fact, it was by supporting Nomarchs who were loyal to him. His pyramid constructed at El Lisht. Furthermore, Senwosret I mentioned in the Story of Sinuhe. In fact, he rushed back to the royal palace in Memphis from a military campaign in Asia. In fact, he returned after hearing about the assassination of his father, Amenemhat I. Senusret I obelisk Fayoum once was part of a temple in the vanished cult center of Crocodilopolis. In fact, the temple dates back to the years of Sesostris I and Amenemhat III (1844-1797 BC). Senusret I obelisk is in a bad shape of decay, especially on the west side.
Moreover, the monument damaged in the south-west and south-east corners. Birds sit on the top of the obelisk and that is why it covered with bird droppings. In the Napoleonic expedition in 1798-1801 the obelisk found laying on its side. But it looked to be in one piece. There is drawing in the middle of the obelisk. In fact, made after the graver of it made for this expedition. On the other drawing, there is an impression of the inscriptions. In fact, it is on one side of the obelisk as their artists reproduced it.
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In 1825-1828 Edward William Lane visits the site and find Senusret I obelisk Fayoum broken in two pieces. Moreover, it lied there without any mound or ancient remains in the vicinity. Furthermore, the two parts, which designated by the people as male and female. The people of the country look upon these fragments with the same superstitious feeling. In fact, it was because of the stones of the temple at Panopolis. And the women recited the Fatha over them in the hopes of many offspring.
In 1843 Richard Lepsius described the obelisk and made a small map. In fact, Senusre I Obelisk roughly situated between tow areas. The first one was Abgig in the east of the monument. The second one was the ruins of a little village west of the obelisk. In 1971-1972 Senusret I Obelisk brought to El Fayoum City. Moreover, it restored and re-erected on a roundabout on the road to Cairo, in the north-east of the city.