Bir Tarfawi Dakhla Oasis, Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

Bir Tarfawi is the gateway to the Great Sand Sea and the vast sand sheets of Gilf El Kebir. In fact, Bir Tarfawi reached from Dakhla Oasis. The oasis is a remote oasis and the oldest inhabited place in Africa. Moreover, Bir Tarfawi embodies timelessness. Furthermore, it stands at testament to an almost unimaginable prehistoric age. In fact, it is where today’s barren landscape used to contain massive permanent lakes. The site excavated because of some tools which found in the area. In fact, the tools show how humans adapted to the changes in their environment. There were many sites which excavated in the area. In fact, these sites are indicative of tool preparation for hunting. Moreover, the tools include tools for foraging and scavenging.

Bir Tarfawi and Bir Sahara are basins in the Western Desert of Egypt. In fact, they located in one of the driest areas in the world. Yet sites there show intermittent human occupation which begins in the early Upper Pleistocene. Humans drawn to the area due to the presence of a series of perennial lakes and springs. The CPEF funded work there in 1973 and 1974 and again in 1985 through 1988. These sites yielded detailed in situ evidence of Acheulian and Mousterian occupations. Furthermore, the dates prove that the humid phases represented by the lake deposits. They coincided with interglacials or interstadials of the Middle and Late Pleistocene. In fact, there were pluvial periods in the Sahara.

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These periods not coeval with glacial advances in the Northern hemisphere as thought. These deflational basins elongated about 8 km and 15 km in length. The stratigraphy reflects that the basins experienced periods of increased humidity separated. In fact, they separated by periods of greater aridity of varying lengths. During the humid periods, the basins filled with water. In fact, it was from local springs and runoff, which formed shallow ponds and lakes. During these periods, humans camped around the spring vents. Moreover, they also camped and along the shores of the pond. Furthermore, they exploiting the fauna and the flora which also attracted to the water. Many of the tools from Bir Tarfawi site, especially the hands axes, came from the spring vents.

In fact, Bir Tarfawi still features faunal remains. These remains are sparse and include ostrich eggshell. Moreover, the site also features remains from a warthog. The appearance of dunes in the basin marked the end of this period and the onset of increased humidity. Once again, shallow lakes and ponds appeared along with Mousterian occupations. In fact, there are slight differences in the elevation of artifacts. They reflect changes in the level of the shoreline due to fluctuations in lake levels. Dates for the oldest Mousterian occupations are greater than 200,000 years ago. Variations in size and artifact composition reflect how the early humans reacted. In fact, the reaction was in response to a changing environment.

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Bir Tarfawi appear is a result from single activities such as tool preparation. Moreover, it also is a result of food preparation, possible hunting and scavenging. The associated fauna at Bir Tarfawi shows that available resources were rich and varied. Fauna remains included white rhinoceros, wild ass and warthog. Moreover, the site also features a large giraffe, giant buffalo, various antelopes and gazelles. The site also house turtles, crocodiles, brown hare and porcupine. Moreover, the site also comprises wildcat, jackal, varieties of hyena. Furthermore, the site also houses various rodents and birds. In fact, the composition shows an open wooded Savannah.

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