Dakka temple Aswan Egypt tours, booking, prices, reviews
Dakka temple Aswan is a Greek-Roman temple and known also as el Dekka temple. The temple dedicated to Thoth of the Sycamore Fig, the god of wisdom. In fact, the temple located about 100 kilometers south of the Aswan High Dam. The south of Aswan High dam referred today as Nubia. Though much of that ancient land covered by Lake Nasser. The temple known to the Egyptians as Pselqet and to the Greeks as Pselchis. In fact, the temple moved to the site of wdi es-Sebua. The site is about 40 kilometers upstream, between 1962 and 1968. It was because of the impending flooding of the region as a result of the High dam.
Dakka temple Aswan which we see today actually begun by the Nubian king, Akamani. The Greeks called him Ergamenes in about 220 BC. In fact, the temple construction is a combined effort. In fact, the effort was between these Nubian kings and the line of Greek Pharaohs in Egypt. Moreover, The construction started by Ptolomy IV. It also and continued through the reigns of Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II. Furthermore, It also continued in the Roman rule of Augustus and Tiberius. The temple sits today on a small bluff. In fact, it is the only Nubian temple with a facade that faces to the north and oriented north-south. It is to parallel the course of the Nile.
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The pylon of the temple now separated from the rest of the temple. In fact, it is due to the missing enclosure walls of the open court. Above the entrance in the pylon, a solar disk with a uraeus extends its wings. On the southern side of Dakka temple Aswan, a small entrance. It leads into the interior of the pylon and to a stairway. The sairtway communicates with several internal rooms. After the open courtyard, the facade of the pronaos adorned with reliefs of a Ptoemaic King. The king sacrifices to various deities. The portal of this section of the temple engaged to two columns that support an architrave. Beyond the pronaos, the temple has two sanctuaries which include what built by Arkamani. And then, there is a second one which added by Augustus.
By far the Nubian reliefs within Dakka temple Aswan are the most interesting. They are small and precise in detail. In fact, they depict the Nubian king making offerings to local gods of Aswan. Some of these these reliefs are portray Anqet. The reliefs also include the goddess of Aswan with her elaborate feathered headdress. Moreover, they also include the lion-headed goddess Sekhmet. Other scenes depict the king who makes offerings to Thoth, Isis and Tefnut. When the temple moved, it had of reused blocks from an earlier structure. They dedicated to Horus of Baki (Quban) which built by Hatshepsut and Thutmose III. Though this earlier New Kingdom temple constructed on the opposing shore of the Nile.
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In fact, many New Kingdom temples built in Nubia constructed more as symbols of power. This temple is unlike them. Dakka temple Aswan isolated and has no real public worship functions and limited priesthood. In fact, the temple built in an urban center were an active cult was more likely. The modern site of el-Dakka temple has also the temple of el-Sebua and Meharakka temple. The last one dates back to the Roman times and dedicated to Serapis and Isis. This small temple contains the only spiral staircase in any Nubian temple. However, this temple’s decorative theme never competed. It also moved to this location from its original site about 81 kilometers to the north.