Islamic Cairo featured by Abu Al Dahab mosque. It located in the Azhar Street, just beside the main entrance of Azhar Mosque. It built in 1774 AD after a year of construction. Abu Al Dahab mosque built as a Madrasa. It was to host the increasing number of students who were coming to study in Al Azhar University. They are from all over the world. In the year 1771, Mohamed Abu Al Dahab appointed by Amir Ali Beh Al Kabir. It was to be the leader of the Egyptian army that went to conquer Syria.
Islamic Cairo also featured by Al Aqmar mosque. It located in the heart of Cairo city, north of the site once occupied by the great Fatimid. Al Aqmar means The Moonlit. It sometimes also known as the Gray Mosque. Al Aqmar mosque founded by Ma’mun al-Bata’ihi, during the caliphate of al-Mustanser. It built during a time of great political and spiritual crises for the Fatimid regime. It located on the main artery of the city. In plan, it is a regular, rectangular hypo-style mosque with a square courtyard. It is the plan of a small congregational mosque.
Islamic Cairo also featured by Al Ashraf Barsbay complex. It built in 1432 on Al Mu’izz street in Cairo. Sultan Al Ashraf Barsbay ruled Egypt from 1422 until 1438. Madrasa means school and Khanqah means hospital. They built at Al Ashraf Barsbay complex in Northern Cemetery of Cairo. Islamic Cairo also featured by Al Azhar mosque. It is the first Islamic university built in Cairo around 1000 years ago. Al Azhar mosque was the official mosque having the Friday prayer. It built by the great Fatimid army leader and the builder of Cairo, Gawhar El Seqelly. It was due to the orders of the Fatimid Caliph, Al Mui’z le Din Allah. The building of Al Azhar mosque started in the year 970 AD. It finished three years afterwards in 972 AD.
Islamic Cairo also featured by Al Ghouri complex. It is a funerary complex established by Sultan Qansuh Al Ghouri. Al Ghouri complex built between 1503 and 1504. It was in the Fahhamin quarter on Al Mu’izz street in Islamic Cairo. There was a clear decline in the quality of craftsmanship. Islamic Cairo also featured by Al Hussein mosque. It built in Cairo, Egypt in 1154. It is near to Khan El Kahlili. Al Hussein mosque named for the grandson of Prophet Muhammad. Fatimid Shia, Dawoodi and Bohar believeve that the head of Al Hussein buried in the ground of Al Hussein mosque.
Islamic Cairo also featured by Al Muayyad mosque and complex. They situated next to Bab Zuweila in Cairo. Al Muayyad complex contained a madrasa-khanqah, mosque and two mausoleums. Moreover, Al Muayyad mosque and complex built between 1415 and 1422. Al Muayyad Madrasa dedicated to Sufis only. Islamic Cairo also featured by Al Nasir Mohammad mosque. It was the royal mosque of both the Citadel and Cairo itself. The Sultans (kings) of Cairo performed their Friday prayers, except on religious feasts. In feasts, prayer took place in a large gathering at the hippodrome beneath the Citadel walls. Al Nasir Mohammad mosque built by Sultan Al Nasir Mohammad in Cairo citadel. It was during his third and longest reign in 1340.
Islamic Cairo also featured by Al Rifai mosque. The mosque located next to Sultan Hassan mosque in Salah El Din Square. It is near the Citadel in Cairo. It separated from the mosque of Sultan Hassan by a pedestrian street. Once you enter this lane you will overwhelmed by the huge structure of the Al Rifai Mosque. Islamic Cairo also featured by Al Salih Ayyub complex. It located on the famous Moezz Street in Cairo. It dates back to the mid-13th century. Al Salih Ayyub complex named after its builder, Al Salih Najm Al Din Ayyub. He reigned over Egypt from 1240 till 1249. Al Salih Ayyub was last Ayyubid sultan of Egypt. He died defending Egypt against the Crusader attack that led by Louis IX.
Islamic Cairo also featured by Al Zahir Barquq Madrasa. It stands next to Sultan Al Nasser Mohammad madrasa. It is in a street which called Al Mu’izz in Nahhasin district in Islamic Cairo. Al Zahir Barquq Madrasa dates back to 1384. Madrasa is an Islamic school tecahe Islamic religion. The architect Shihab al Din Ahmad belonged to a family of court architects and surveyors. He was in charge of part of the construction. Islamic Cairo also featured by Amir Sarghatmish madrasa, mosque and mausoleum. They located in Saliba Street in Cairo. They are just behind the Ahmed Ibn Tulun mosque. The Gayer Anderson museum located to one side of that mosque.
Islamic Cairo also featured by Amir Shaykhu mosque combines hypo-style features with a cruciform plan. It built in the style of a small congregational facility. After the vestibule there is a courtyard where to the left. A small mashrabiyya enclosure extends out from the wall. Amir Shaykhu mosque dates back to the mid-eighteenth century. On the Qibla side of the rectangular courtyard is an arcade sanctuary. It faced by another arcade hall across the courtyard. Islamic Cairo also featured by Amr Ibn Al Aas Mosque. It is the first and oldest mosque which built on the land of Egypt.
Islamic Cairo also featured by Bab Al Futuh. The gate built in 1087 by Badr al-Gamali. It replaced an earlier gate placed somewhat to the South. It had included in the original enclosure wall of Gawhar. The given name to Bab Al Futuh was Bab al-Iqba. The populace transferred the name of the old gate to the new. During Napoleonic times this called the Tour Lescale. Islamic Cairo also featured by Bab Zuweila. It is one of three remaining gates in the walls of the Old City of Cairo Egypt. Bab Zuweila also known as Bawabbat al-Mitwally during the Ottoman period. Sometimes spelled Bab Zuwayla.
Islamic Cairo also featured by Beshtak Palace. It situated on the Muizz Avenue in Cairo. Moreover, it is near to Abdel Rahamn Katkhuda Sabil. It constructed by Prince Beshtak Al Nasiri in 1334. Beshtak Palace is a structure and Islamic museum in Cairo. It signifies Arabic architecture in the historic period of time in Egypt. Islamic Cairo also featured by Blue Mosque. It called also Aqsunqur Mosque or the Mosque of Ibrahim Agha. Moreover, it is one of several “blue Mosques” in the world. It situated in the Tabbana Quarter in Islamic Cairo. It is between Bab Zuweila and the Citadel of Saladin (Cairo Citadel.)
Islamic Cairo also featured by Ibn Tulun mosque. It is the oldest intact functioning Islamic monument in Cairo. Furthermore, it is the third mosque which constructed for the whole community. It is for the congregation joined together for the Friday noon prayer. Ibn Tulun mosque is rare preserved example of the art. It is also an architecture of the classical period of Islam. Islamic Cairo also featured by Mohammad Ali mosque. It is the most popular Islamic mosque among tourists. Moreover, it is one of the most ancient mosques in Cairo. It is also one of the most historic mosques because of its grandeur and its location in Cairo Citadel.
Islamic Cairo also featured by Sultan Qalawun complex. It includes mosque, Madrasa, Mausoleum and Muristan. Madrasa means school and Muristan means hospital. Sultan Qalawun complex located in Al Muiz Le Din Alla Street. It is in the area of Bein El Qasrein in Cairo. The decoration of the facade and the interior plan highlight the influence of the Syrian style on Sultan Qalawun complex.
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