Ancient Cairo featured by Abu Sir Pyramids. The Pyramids located on the western bank of the Nile. They are 25 kilometer southwest of Cairo, Egypt. Abu Sir Pyramids consisted of fourteen pyramids from the 5th Dynasty. Abu Sir called the site of the forgotten kings of the 5th Dynasty. These kings do not have the fame of their predecessors from the 4th Dynasty. The Pyramids site closed for many years to visitors. But, it is now open to the public.

Ancient Cairo also featured by Babylon Fortress. In fact, the fortress was an ancient fortress city or castle in the Delta of Egypt. It located at Babylon in the area today known as Old Cairo. Babylon Fortress situated in the Heliopolite Nome. It was upon the right bank of the Nile. Moreover, it was at latitude 30°N. It was near the commencement of the Pharaonic Canal. Pharaonic Canal also called Ptolemy’s Canal and Trajan’s Canal. It was from the Nile to the Red Sea.

Further details:

Ancient Cairo also featured by Bent Pyramid in Dahshur. The Bent Pyramid is an ancient Egyptian pyramid located at the royal necropolis of Dahshur. It is 40 kilometers south of Cairo. Moreover, Bent Pyramid in Dahshur built under the Old Kingdom Pharaoh Sneferu 2600 BC. It is a unique example of early pyramid development in Egypt. Bent Pyramid was the second pyramid built by Sneferu. Bent Pyramid Dahshur rises from the desert at a 54 degree inclination. The top section built at the shallower angle of 43 degrees. The pyramid has ‘bent’ appearance.

Ancient Cairo also featured by  Cheops Pyramid or the Great Pyramid. The pyramid is also called Khufu Pyramid. It is indeed the greatest pyramid among all pyramids in Egypt. How the Great Pyramid built is a question that may never answered. Herodotus said that it would have taken 30 years and 100,000 slaves to Build Cheops Pyramid. Another theory is that it built by peasants. They were unable to work the land while the Nile flooded between July and November. They may have paid with food for their labor. The flooded waters would have also aided in the moving of the casing stones. These stones brought from Aswan and Tura. The water would have brought the stones right to Cheops Pyramid.

More details:

Ancient Cairo also featured by Chephren Pyramid. It also called Khafre Pyramid. It is the second-tallest and second-largest of the Ancient Egyptian Pyramids. Khafre Pyramid is the tomb of the Fourth-Dynasty pharaoh Khafre (Chefren). He ruled from 2558 to 2532 BC. Chephren Pyramid or Khafre Pyramid is often called the “Second Pyramid”. In fact, Chephren Pyramid or Khafre Pyramid built next to the Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops). Chephren is the son and successor of Khufu and Hensuten. Khufu’s other son and also Ra’djedef, started constructing his own pyramid at Abu Rawash. It is north of Giza. Chephren pyramid or Khafre Pyramid designed more modestly than Khufu’s.

Ancient Cairo also featured by Egyptian Museum in Cairo. The museum is indeed one of the oldest, most famous and largest museums in the world. Egyptian Museum of Antiquities has a long history. It dates back to the 1825. It was when Mohamed Ali Pasha issued a decree to establish a museum for the antiquities. Mohamed Ali Pasha was the ruler of Egypt at the time. The first location of the museum was in front of the Azabakeya Lake. Azabakeya Lake was between Opera Square and Ataba Square.

Further details:

Ancient Cairo also featured by Great Sphinx . The sphinx is a huge creature with the head of a human and a lion’s body. It sits in a depression to the south of Khafre’s pyramid at Giza near Cairo. Great Sphinx statue is the first colossal royal sculpture in Egypt. It is a national symbol of Egypt, both ancient and modern. Moreover, it has stirred the imagination of poets, scholars, adventurers and tourists for centuries. It also inspired a wealth of speculation about its age, its meaning, and the secrets that it might hold. The Sphinx word means strangler. It was first given by the Greeks to a fabulous creature. It is which had the head of a woman, the body of a lion and the wings of a bird.

Ancient Cairo also featured by Memphis. Memphis was a city and the capital of Ancient Egypt. It was an important center during much of Egyptian history. Moreover, it located south of the Nile River delta, on the west bank of the river. It is about 15 miles (24 km) south of modern Cairo. Its archaeological zone designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1979. It founded about 2925 BC by Menes. Menes united the two prehistoric kingdoms of Upper and Lower Egypt. The original name of the city was the White Walls. The modern name of Memphis is a Greek version of the Egyptian Men-Nefer. This name is of the nearby pyramid king Pepi I.

More details:

Ancient Cairo also featured by Menkaure Pyramid. The Pyramid located at Giza Plateau. It is near to Khafre Pyramid and Cheops Pyramid. Menkaure pyramid had an original height of 65.5 meters (215 feet). It was the smallest of the three major pyramids at the Giza Necropolis. Menkaure pyramid now stands at 61 m (204 ft) tall with a base of 108.5 m. Menkaure Pyramid constructed of limestone and granite. The first sixteen courses of the exterior made of red granite. The upper part cased in the normal manner with Tura limestone. Part of the granite left in the rough.

Ancient Cairo also featured by Red Pyramid in Dahshur. The Red Pyramid built by Snefru who was Khufus’s father. It has no crowds and circus atmosphere like the Giza Plateau. it can currently entered without limitation. It is only a short drive from Sakkara and only a brief drive from Cairo. Red Pyramid in Dahshur gets its common name from the reddish limestone used to build most of its core. It is also sometimes referred to as the Shining or Northern Pyramid. Several layers of fine white limestone used to lay the pyramid’s foundation. It was the learning from prior mistakes of earlier pyramids.

Further details:

Ancient Cairo also featured by Sakkara. Sakkara is a section of the great necropolis of Memphis. Memphis was the Old Kingdom capital. The kings of the first and second dynasties buried in this section of the Memphis necropolis. It has been of constant interest to Egyptologists. Three major discoveries made at Sakkara. They are a prime minister’s tomb, a queen’s pyramid, and the tomb of the son of a dynasty founding king. Each discovery has a fascinating story. It is with many adventures for the archaeologists who revealed the secrets of the past. Sakkara is best known for Zoser Step Pyramid. It is the oldest known of Egypt’s 97 Pyramids. Moreover, it built for King Djoser of the third dynasty. It was by the architect and genius Imhotep. Imhotep designed it and its surrounding complex.

Ancient Cairo also featured by Solar Boat museum. The museum is next to the Great Pyramid of Cheops. It constructed around 1985 to house the Solar boat of Khufu. When King Cheops passed away and his body mummified, the priests placed his body in this boat. It was to go on a journey to visit Heliopolis and other cities before he land in his royal necropolis in Giza. Afterwards, the priests dissembled the boat into smaller pieces. And then, they buried these pieces near the pyramids and titled it as the Boat of Cheops. Solar boat discovered in the year 1954. It was near the Great Pyramid of Giza. The Solar boat consists of 1224 pieces of wood. The boat is 44 meters long and around 5.9 meters wide. It has 12 paddles.

More details:

Ancient Cairo also featured by Zoser Step pyramid. The step pyramid located at Sakkara necropolis. Zoser is the common name of Djoser or Netjerykhet. Sakkara is about 40 kilometer south of Cairo. Zoser Step pyramid constructed 470 years ago. It is first pyramid built by ancient Egyptians. Zoser or Djoser was a king of Egypt’s third dynasty. The planning of the pyramid attributed to Imhotep. Imhotep was a vizier (minister) and he deified for his accomplishments.

Ancient Cairo Highlights