Menkaure Pyramid Cairo Egypt information, tours, prices, booking
Menkaure Pyramid located at Giza Plateau. It is near to Khafre Pyramid and Cheops Pyramid. In fact, Menkaure pyramid had an original height of 65.5 meters (215 feet). It is the smallest of the three major pyramids at the Giza Necropolis. Moreover, Menkaure pyramid now stands at 61 m (204 ft) tall with a base of 108.5 m. Furthermore, Menkaure Pyramid constructed of limestone and granite. The first sixteen courses of the exterior made of red granite. The upper part cased in the normal manner with Tura limestone. In fact, part of the granite left in the rough. Menkaure pyramid helped archaeologists understand the methods used to build pyramids and temples.
In fact, south of Menkaure pyramid are three satellite pyramids. Moreover, they are each accompanied with a temple and have a substructure. Furthermore, the southernmost is the largest and a true pyramid. It’s casing is partly of granite like Menkaure pyramid. It believed to have completed due to the limestone pyramidion found close by. In fact, neither of the other two progressed beyond the construction of the inner core. In the mortuary temple the foundations and the inner core made of limestone. The floors begun with granite and granite facings added to some of the walls. The foundations of the valley temple made of stone. Moreover, both temples finished with crude bricks. Some of the blocks of local stone in the walls of the mortuary temple weighed as much as 220 tons.
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In fact, the heaviest granite ashlars imported from Aswan and weighed more than 30 tons. It was unusual for a son or successor to complete a temple when a Pharaoh died. It is not unreasonable to assume that Shepseskaf finished the temples with crude brick. There was an inscription in the mortuary temple. It said “made it (the temple) as his monument for his father, the king of upper and lower Egypt”. During excavations of the temples Reisner found a large number of statues. They were of Menkaure alone and as a member of a group. These all carved in the naturalistic style of the old kingdom with a high degree of detail evident. Menkaure pyramid date of construction is unknown. In fact, it is because Menkaure’s reign has not defined. But it probably completed in the 26th century BC.
Richard William Howard Vyse first visited Egypt in 1835. He discovered in the upper antechamber the remains of a wooden anthropoid coffin. It inscribed with Menkaure’s name and containing human bones. This is now a substitute coffin from the Saite period. The bones are less than 2,000 years old. Deeper into Menkaure pyramid, Vyse came upon a beautiful basalt sarcophagus. It is rich in detail with a bold projecting corniche. This sarcophagus now lies at the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea. It sunk on October 13, 1838. It was on the ship Beatrice. The ship was in its way between Malta and Cartagena. It was on the way to Great Britain. It was one of only a handful of Old Kingdom sarcophagi to survive into the modern period. In fact, the anthropoid coffin successfully transported on a separate ship. It maybe seen today at the British Museum.
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Al-Malek al-Aziz Othman attempted to demolish the pyramids. It was in the end of the twelfth century. He started with Menkaure Pyramid. The workmen found it almost as expensive to destroy Menkaure Pyramid as to build. They stayed at their job for eight months. They were not able to remove more than one or two stones each day. It was at a cost of tiring themselves out. Some used wedges and levers to move the stones, while others used ropes to pull them down. When a stone fell, it would bury itself in the sand, requiring extraordinary efforts to free it. Wedges used to split the stones into several pieces. A cart used to carry it to the foot of the escarpment, where it left. Far from accomplishing what they intended to do. They spoiled Menkaure Pyramid by leaving a large vertical gash in its north.