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Activities in Western Deserts

Ain Asil Dakhla Oasis Egypt

Ain Asil Egypt

Ain Asil Dakhla Oasis, Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

Ain Asil settlement located about 3 kilometer east of Balat in Dakhal Oasis, Egypt. Moreover, Ain Asil also located 8 kilometer north west of Tineida. In fact, it is at the junction where the ancient Darb el-Tawil joins other routes through the oasis. Ain Asil features important remains of a governor’s palace, houses and workshops. The site already investigated by a team from the French Institute of Oriental Archaeology. In fact, the investigation is since 1977. The site at Ain Asil features a small fortified enclosure. Moreover, the site later encompassed a rectangular area of 33 hectares. In fact, the area split into two separate parts. The earliest part is the fortress area which located to the north with a mud-brick settlement. In fact, the settlement extends to the south and east.

The site had an administrative center for Dakhla during the reigns of Pepi I and Pepi II. Most of the town destroyed by a fire at the end of the Old Kingdom and abandoned for a time. Moreover, Ain Asil had a rare discovery of inscribed clay tablets. In fact, the tablets date back to Dynasty VI. This discovery proves that Dakhla Oasis linked to the Nile Valley during this time. Moreover, the tablets contain names of governors of the oasis and their households. In fact, they written in hieratic script. Furthermore, the tablets have lists of distribution of goods. Moreover, the tablets also contain the food supplies to the palace. Furthermore, they also have valuable information which written on papyrus in other areas of Egypt.

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The fortress later adapted to other uses. From the fortress, the town sprawls to the south along a main street. Moreover, the town also sprawls to the east. In fact, it is whereas the principal administrative building or palace existed. The administrative building contained a courtyard which was a public audience area. The surrounding apartments rose to a height of 4 meter with walls which painted in yellow ocher. Furthermore, the walls have wooden columns on limestone bases. Off to the sides, two superimposed levels of vaulted magazines uncovered. In fact, they used for the storage of produce because of remains of oil jars which found. Yet, they emptied before the construction of a third level.

In fact, these built under a governor who called Medunefer. He was also the one who constructed a cult chapel there. In fact, his name and titles can seen on the restored doorway to the naos. Moreover, there is also another governor name which found within the palace area. In fact, the name is Khentika. Moreover, the site also encompassed seals which bear the name of Pepi II. Furthermore, Ain Asil also contains the names of at least five generations of governors. In fact, each one erected a small sanctuary for himself. Other excavations of the settlement revealed many large dwellings. In fact, they are much larger than those rare examples found in the Nile Valley. Some of these have remains of staircases which lead up to a roof terrace.

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Furthermore, Ain Asil site comprises bakeries with ovens, grinding stones and pottery jars. In fact, they were for baking the bread along with ceramic workshops. Moreover, many pottery fragments found in the site. In fact, the fire destroyed much of the early town. Yet part of the fortress-like structure rebuilt during the First Intermediate Period. In fact, it rebuilt to include the enclosure wall and a canal. The destruction by fire allowed archaeologists to gain much information. In fact, the information is about the Old Kingdom structures. Finally, the site abandoned before the Ptolemaic Period. Moreover, no Roman remains found at the site of Ain Asil.

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Al Muzawaka tombs Dakhla Oasis Egypt

Al Muzawaka tombs Egypt

Al Muzawaka tombs Dakhla Oasis, Egypt information, tours, booking

Al Muzawaka tombs or Muzawaka tombs located in Dakhla oasis, Egypt. In fact, the tombsare a part of the Amheida cemeteries. Moreover, the tombs consists of a series of small soft stone hills or ridges in which over 300 tombs cut. In fact, the name means “The Decorated Hill”. A few of these tombs decorated in a mixture of traditional Egyptian and classical style. In fact, it was in the Roman period in the first and second centuries after the birth. Moreover, many of the tombs still not excavated. Two of the most interesting tombs belong to Petubastis and Petosiris. In fact, the tombs are outstanding for their exquisite colorful fresco.

The tomb of Petubastis consists of a single decorated chamber. It is with recessed shelves which intended to house the mummies of the deceased. On the eastern wall is a portrait of the tomb-owner which painted onto plaster. The ceiling of the chapel painted with a zodiac in the style of the first century AC. The second tomb belongs to Petosiris. In fact, the second tomb dates back to the early part of the second century AC. Moreover, the tomb contains two chambers. The owner again portrayed on the northern wall of the outer chamber. In fact, he portrayed as a large figure who wears a long pink Roman-style toga.

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Furthermore, he surrounded by representations of traditional ancient Egyptian religious symbols. In fact, the symbols include a hieroglyphic text. The inner chamber depicts the weighing of the deceased’s heart. It is before Osiris while Isis provides a libation for the spirit of Padiosir. The tomb also features scenes which are reminiscent of the New Kingdom funerary art. Furthermore the tomb features a more complex zodiac than the one in the tomb of Petubastis. In fact, it painted with figures of birds and animals. Moreover, it also has figures of a scarab and the god Horus. Furthermore it also has the usual representations of the constellations.

In fact, there is no evidence that these two tombs contained burials. Yet, many mummified bodies found in neighboring tombs which not decorated. Simple inscriptions also found in some of the other Al Muzawaka tombs. In fact, the inscriptions provide information about the spiritual beliefs. Moreover, they also show information about the customs of the Roman inhabitants of Dakhla Oasis.

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Al Muzawaka tombs indeed well known of for many years. Moreover, they well-plundered for many artifacts of value. The two major tombs photographed by Herbert Winlock in 1908. In fact, the two tombs only rediscovered by Ahmed Fakhry. It was in 1972 after which time the damaged fresco restored. In 1998 the tombs of Petubastis and Padiosir Petosiris once again closed to the public. In fact, it was because the ceilings were in a state of collapse. Yet, the restoration now completed. A new visitor center also built at Al Muzawaka tombs site.

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Sunset Camel Ride Dakhla Oasis Egypt

Sunset Camel Ride

Sunset Camel Ride tour Dakhla Oasis, Egypt information, booking

Sunset Camel Ride tour will let you experience the fascination of the desert. In fact, Sunset Camel Ride tour round Dakhla Oasis will let you enjoy calm, spaciousness and seclusion amidst the nature. You will discover the desert’s variety, discern its stony and harsh forms in one moment. Moreover, the tour will let you see it as a sea of endless Sand Dunes. Furthermore, you will pass by small settlements and artifacts of the Roman times. In fact, all the time will be on camel back and accompanied by guide and Bedouin hosts. They will open up a completely different sense of living to you. A life where clocks tick more slowly and time is at your hand in plenty. You will take your daily bath in many hot mineral springs.

Put up your bed wherever you like at sunset. Bedouins will let you watch them while they prepare the traditional meals. Finish your day at a campfire. The Sunset Camel Ride tour includes visits to El Aweina, Gebel Abiat and Wadi El Bauabat. The tour also includes visits to Bir Hassan, El Nagb, Bir Gebel and Al Qasr. Moreover, Sunset Camel ride tours includes visits to Wadi Etamasiah and Bir Bassatin. Furthermore, the tour will also includes visits to Aijn Aracha, Zar Suraand Magic Spring. Hotels and restaurants offer brief camel rides which reach past the southern end of Mut. Let the guide know if you want to stop over a majestic dune. Go ahead, roll down the sandbank. Just contact us to arrange the tour for you.

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Mut Talata hot springs Dakhla Oasis Egypt

Mut Talata Hot Springs

Mut Talata Hot Springs Dakhla Oasis, Egypt information, tours, booking

Mut Talata hot springs located in the northern part of Dakhla town, Egypt. In fact, you’ll find Mut Talata hot springs on the left. Moreover, Mut Talata hot springs feature 43°C of water temperatures. For E£ 10, you can use the large (orange) pool in the Sol Y Mar Inn for the day. In fact, Sol Y Mar is about two hours from Kharga oasis and four hours from Bahariya oasis. Dakhla oasis is an area of outstanding natural beauty. Moreover, the oasis consists of a collection of several different settlements. In fact, they framed to the north by a wall of rose colored rocks. The hotel compliments its setting in a perfect way. The architecture, style and layout will give you a feeling of being at one with nature.

Moreover the hotel features chalets and lodges. The accommodations unites will allow you to enjoy a true desert experience. Furthermore, the resort has its own natural thermal hot spring. So you can soak in the iron-rich waters which known for their healing properties. Moreover, you also can use the resort as a base to explore the dunes and beyond. Instead, you can have a free dip in the smaller one outside the hotel. The water is rust colored from the high mineral content which is a bit off-putting. Women using the pool outside the hotel should swim in shorts and a loose fitting opaque T-shirt. Mut Talata hot springs located just 1 kilometer from the lake which known as the Fish Pond.

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In fact, the lake is a haven for water fowl and oasis bird life. Three kilometers further north, lies the village of Rashda. In fact, it is where there are Roman ruins at the east end of the village. The villagers don’t call them Roman, or indeed anything in particular. In fact, asking directions will lead to a great deal of amusing confusion. Go for a dip in the rust colored hot sulfur springs of Mut Talata hot springs. The water indeed is hot and relaxing. No need to dress up. The rusty water might stain anything you will wear. In the evening, sit under the stars at the open air barbecue restaurant of Sol Y Mar Resort.

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Qila Al Dabba Mastabas Dakhla Oasis Egypt

Qila Al Dabba Mastabas

Qila Al Dabba Mastabas Dakhla oasis, Egypt information, tours, booking

Qila Al Dabba Mastabas are necropolis which located in Dakhla oasis, Egypt. In fact, Qila Al Dabba Mastabas associated with the Old Kingdom settlement at Ain Asil. Moreover, Qila Al Dabba Mastabas located about 1.5 kilometer to the west of the ancient town of Al Qasr. The site investigated in 1970s by Egyptian archaeologist Ahmad Fakhry. In fact, he uncovered four large mud-brick mastabas. They belong to the governors of Dakhla oasis. Since 1986 the site excavated and six or seven mastabas found. One of them contained the mummy of a Dynasty VI ruler. Qila Al Dabba Mastabas field surrounded by many smaller graves. In fact, the graves are from the Old Kingdom and the First Intermediate Period.

These graves are simple oval pits with a descending staircase. Moreover, other tombs dug into the rock and covered by mud-brick vaulted roofs. The mastabas constructed in steps from mud-bricks and dressed with slabs of limestone. When found, the tombs were in various stages of ruin. Furthermore, they followed the plan of a large brick enclosure. The enclosure surrounds a courtyard in which the mastaba stood. Moreover, the tombs had facades like others of the Old Kingdom. Furthermore, they also had a funerary stela at the entrance which identified the occupant. Stela and jambs from the tomb of governor Ima Pepi can seen in the Kharga Heritage Museum.

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Qila Al Dabba tombs show important differences in their construction. The first type had a substructure which contains several burial chambers. In fact, the chambers were for family members. Moreover, the superstructures built over vast excavations in the open air. Examples of this type are the mastabas of Ima-Pepi I (reign of Pepi I) and Khentika (reign of Pepi II). The second construction type contained only one burial chamber. It also contained an antechamber and store rooms which built from stone and mud-brick. This was the type favored Ima-Pepi II (reign of Pepi II) and Medunefer (reign of Pepi II). In fact, they are generally smaller structures. Inside the tombs there are sometimes some rooms, antechambers and burial chambers.

The burial chambers have barrel-vaulted roofs. The first which identified, was the tomb of the governor Medunefer. In fact, Medunefer served during the reign of Pepi II. This tomb contained funerary goods including gold jewelry. In the mastaba of Khentikau-Pepi, over 100 pottery vessels found. In fact, they found in fragments beneath the fallen masonry in the underground chambers. Khentika governor also built mastabas at Qila Al Dabba. In fact, he was also from the reign of Pepi II. His painted subterranean chambers restored. Ima-Pepi’s later tomb shows an improvement in construction techniques. The most recent reconstruction is the burial chamber of an individual called Bitsu. In fact, this burial chamber contains vivid painted scenes. The scenes depict his family and part of a star-painted ceiling which suspended above.

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The mastabas of the wealthy governors contained rich burial equipment. In fact, the equipment feature wooden or ceramic coffins. Yet, further cemeteries which contain more modest burials also found. In fact, they located to the south and east of Qila Al Dabba Mastabas. These poorer members of the community often buried in simple pits. Moreover, they wrapped only in layers of matting. Many skeletons found in the Qila Al Dabba Mastabas necropolis. In fact, some of the pottery and other artifacts from the site are on display also in the Kharga Museum. Moreover, some of them also displayed at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

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Dune Camping Dakhla Oasis Egypt

Dune Camping Egypt

Dune Camping Dakhla Oasis, Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

Dune camping is on of the most popular tours in Dakhla Oasis, Egypt. In fact, Dune camping is also one of the most adventurous safaris tours. Moreover, this kind of tours packages can done in many other places in Egypt. The camping in desert can also done in Bahariya Oasis, Siwa oasis and Kharga Oasis. Going to Dakhla Oasis is by traveling to Luxor by train or flight. Once you arrive Luxor, you will find many buses which travel to Dakhla. Contact us for arranging this kind of tours. We will provide you with Bedouin guide and tours escort. Moreover, we will also provide you with the tools and tents which are necessitate for camping in the desert.

Gear up but don’t fan out. In fact, it will be a great experience to camp in the desert with a group of friends. Go for a night under the starry night sky near the dunes of the Western Desert. Experience the silence of the desert night. Do it after the astounding colors of a desert sunset. Make sure you inform the office of tourism in Mut before going to the dune camping in the desert. Leave nothing but footprints behind.

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Dakhla Ethnographic Museum Egypt

Dakhla Ethnographic Museum Egypt

Dakhla Ethnographic Museum Egypt information, tours, booking

Dakhla Ethnographic Museum located in Mut in Dakhla Oasis, Egypt. In fact, Dakhla Ethnographic Museum built in 1875 AC. Moreover, the museum is a small museum which displays on oasis life. Furthermore, Dakhla Ethnographic Museum attached to Dar Al Wafdeen Government Hotel. In fact, the museum only opened on request. Furthermore, the museum laid out as a traditional home with different areas for men. Moreover, the museum also features areas for women and visitors. In fact, the museum houses displays of clothing, baskets and jewelry. Moreover, the museum comprises other domestic items. In fact, these items give an insight into the oasis life and geography. Do not expect to see much of Ancient Egypt, it is all about the ancient handmade domestic stuff. In fact, the stuff made out of palm reeds, clay, wood, and stone.

Dakhla Ethnographic Museum indeed is a great a chance to have a great experience. In fact, you will learn about the life and culture of the people who live in the oasis. Dakhla Ethnographic Museum resembles an Egyptian home which exactly what it once was. In fact, the museum includes specific exhibits in different rooms. Some rooms dedicated to the history of the women and men who lived in the oasis. Moreover, some rooms include unique handmade artifacts. In fact, they both are old and modern. Furthermore, the museum houses items which made from stone, mud, clay and reeds. If you want to visit the Museum, you should contact the Tourist Information Office in Dakhla. They will make the required arrangements for you to visit the museum. Yet, you can also contact us.

Getting to Dakhla Ethnographic Museum:

There are regular buses from Cairo to Mut in Dakhla Oasis. In fact, the whole journey takes about 10 hours. It is since the bus will make a few stops along the way. A bus from the Kharga Oasis will take about two hours. Moreover, there is a night bus which travels straight from Cairo without stops. A taxi can take you to the town if you are willing to pay the fares. Finally, there is a micro-bus service from Cairo to the oasis and the town. Buses from Cairo run between seven O’clock in the morning and eight O’clock in the evening.

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Bir Tarfawi Dakhla Oasis Egypt

Bir Tarfawi Egypt

Bir Tarfawi Dakhla Oasis, Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

Bir Tarfawi is the gateway to the Great Sand Sea and the vast sand sheets of Gilf El Kebir. In fact, Bir Tarfawi reached from Dakhla Oasis. The oasis is a remote oasis and the oldest inhabited place in Africa. Moreover, Bir Tarfawi embodies timelessness. Furthermore, it stands at testament to an almost unimaginable prehistoric age. In fact, it is where today’s barren landscape used to contain massive permanent lakes. The site excavated because of some tools which found in the area. In fact, the tools show how humans adapted to the changes in their environment. There were many sites which excavated in the area. In fact, these sites are indicative of tool preparation for hunting. Moreover, the tools include tools for foraging and scavenging.

Bir Tarfawi and Bir Sahara are basins in the Western Desert of Egypt. In fact, they located in one of the driest areas in the world. Yet sites there show intermittent human occupation which begins in the early Upper Pleistocene. Humans drawn to the area due to the presence of a series of perennial lakes and springs. The CPEF funded work there in 1973 and 1974 and again in 1985 through 1988. These sites yielded detailed in situ evidence of Acheulian and Mousterian occupations. Furthermore, the dates prove that the humid phases represented by the lake deposits. They coincided with interglacials or interstadials of the Middle and Late Pleistocene. In fact, there were pluvial periods in the Sahara.

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These periods not coeval with glacial advances in the Northern hemisphere as thought. These deflational basins elongated about 8 km and 15 km in length. The stratigraphy reflects that the basins experienced periods of increased humidity separated. In fact, they separated by periods of greater aridity of varying lengths. During the humid periods, the basins filled with water. In fact, it was from local springs and runoff, which formed shallow ponds and lakes. During these periods, humans camped around the spring vents. Moreover, they also camped and along the shores of the pond. Furthermore, they exploiting the fauna and the flora which also attracted to the water. Many of the tools from Bir Tarfawi site, especially the hands axes, came from the spring vents.

In fact, Bir Tarfawi still features faunal remains. These remains are sparse and include ostrich eggshell. Moreover, the site also features remains from a warthog. The appearance of dunes in the basin marked the end of this period and the onset of increased humidity. Once again, shallow lakes and ponds appeared along with Mousterian occupations. In fact, there are slight differences in the elevation of artifacts. They reflect changes in the level of the shoreline due to fluctuations in lake levels. Dates for the oldest Mousterian occupations are greater than 200,000 years ago. Variations in size and artifact composition reflect how the early humans reacted. In fact, the reaction was in response to a changing environment.

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Bir Tarfawi appear is a result from single activities such as tool preparation. Moreover, it also is a result of food preparation, possible hunting and scavenging. The associated fauna at Bir Tarfawi shows that available resources were rich and varied. Fauna remains included white rhinoceros, wild ass and warthog. Moreover, the site also features a large giraffe, giant buffalo, various antelopes and gazelles. The site also house turtles, crocodiles, brown hare and porcupine. Moreover, the site also comprises wildcat, jackal, varieties of hyena. Furthermore, the site also houses various rodents and birds. In fact, the composition shows an open wooded Savannah.

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Bir Al Gebel hot spring Dakhla Oasis Egypt

Bir Al Gebel Hot Spring

Bir Al Gebel hot spring Dakhla Oasis, Egypt information, tours, booking

Bir Al Gebel hot spring located about 25 kilometer north of Mut in Dakhla oasis, Egypt. In fact, Bir Al Gebel hot spring is the most stunning spring in the Western Desert oases. Moreover, the hot spring features about 50 Celsius and maybe more. Go there and chill under the shade of a palm tree. Take a dip in that amazing hot spring to relax you muscles. Moreover, the area features a view on the surrounding dunes and desert.

Try to go there in the evening. In fact, in the evening the area not crowded. Dakhla Oasis located about 750 kilometer south west of Cairo. In fact, you can take the flight or sleeping train from to Luxor. And then, you will take a care or regular bus to Dakhla oasis. Moreover, you can contact us. We can arrange tour to Dakhla oasis including this unique hot spring. Just contact us

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Balat Dakhla Oasis Egypt

Balat Egypt

Balat Dakhla Oasis, Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

Balat is a modern village which located around 9 kilometer west of Tineida in Dakhla oasis, Egypt. In fact, Balat spread beyond the older fortified town of Al Qasr. Moreover, Balat built during the Mameluke and Turkish eras. Furthermore, the Islamic town perched on a mound and little changed since Medieval times. Inside the walls of this once busy town, picturesque winding lanes roofed with palm fronds. They shelter dark and carved doorways of houses. In fact, they are typical of the Islamic architecture in the oases during this period. The roofed streets would acted as extra protection for the inhabitants. In fact, they were too low to admit mounted invaders. The old houses consisted of two or three stories with mud-brick walls.

Moreover, they plastered and painted in pink or ocher. Bread ovens and storage containers can still seen on the roofs of some of the crumbling dwellings. Though few people live in the old town today. The Egyptian government hopes to clear the area so that it can restored and turned into a museum. Now Balat is at the beginning to reveal its secrets of an even earlier history. Nearby, at Qila El Dab’a, there is an Old Kingdom necropolis. Moreover, there is also an associated settlement from the same period at Ain Asil. In fact, these areas currently excavated.

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