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Anfushi tombs Alexandria Egypt

Anfushi Tombs Alexandria Egypt

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Anfushi tombs Alexandria are limestone tombs. They date back to 250 BC and painted to simulate alabaster and marble. Anfushi tombs Alexandria decorated with pictures of Egyptian gods and daily life. They are along with graffiti. In fact, Anfushi tombs Alexandria located on a spit of land that was once an island known as Pharos Island. Moreover, Anfushi tombs Alexandria lie to the south of the esplanade leading to the palace of “Ras el Tin”. All are dating back to the first half of the 3rd century. Anfushi tombs Alexandria discovered in 1901 and 1921.

The first and most remarkable of the tombs reached by way of a vaulted stairway. It hewn out of the rock, leading down into a square courtyard. The courtyard open to the sky and provides access to two tombs. The walls of the stairway and tombs have a painted stucco revetment. they imitating alabaster and marble. The vaulted ceiling of the funeral chamber decorated with geometric “trompe l’oeil” designs. They are reminiscent of the covered ceiling in certain ancient villas. The funeral motifs are an example of the combined influence of Greek art. They also are the traditional forms of Egyptian arts.

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Anfushi tombs Alexandria feature both Greek and Roman influence. For instance, once inside the tombs, you’ll see Greek art. You’ll also see plenty of Roman influence. They include things like statues of the Sphinx and etc. Anfushi tombs Alexandria are five individual tombs, although they in fact interconnected. The first tomb discovered in 1901. The remaining four discovered during the years that followed. The fifth tomb only discovered in 1921. All five of these tombs are below ground level. They are subterranean tombs that carved out of the existing limestone rock.

Today, the tombs are accessible from the esplanade in front of the Ras El Tin Palace. Each of the tombs has a similar sort of design. They all have indeed impressive vaulted ceilings, beautiful murals and fascinating frescos. One of the five tombs also has a central courtyard. It has a hole carved out of the ceiling which offers a view of the skies above. Anfushi tombs Alexandria carved out of the native limestone. That is why all painted in a manner. It makes them look as though they have built from marble and alabaster. Marble and alabaster were popular among the Greeks and the Romans.

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Anfushi tombs Alexandria located in notorious area of the city. It is because of its shortage of parking spaces. You might want to consider parking your vehicle a short distance from the tombs. An then covering the last bit of distance on foot. If you park near the Qaitbay district, you’ll find there is a nice aquarium nearby. It is actually also worth a visit. Walking to the tombs from the Qaitbay district is also nice. It is because you’ll have a fantastic view of the Eastern Harbor. During its ancient history, Alexandria has ruled by many different cultures. They include the Greeks and the Roman. It is something you can’t fail to notice when you stroll through the streets. For example, you’ll see buildings and monuments bearing testimony to Greek, Roman, European rules. And even some Mediterranean influence.

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Villa of the Birds Alexandria

Villa of the Birds Alexandria

Villa of the Birds Alexandria information, tours, prices, booking

Villa of the Birds Alexandria discovered by the members of the Egyptian-Polish mission. It was during their forty years of work at Kom El Dekka, Alexandria, Egypt. In fact, Villa of the Birds Alexandria has tiny intricate mosaic tiles of beautiful birds. Moreover, the are from the remains of a large villa that stood here dating to the reign of Hadrian. It really had a stunning mosaic floor in the main room depicting various species of birds. Villa of the Birds indeed is one of the best preserved examples of a large Roman house in Egypt.

In fact, the villa destroyed with fire. Moreover, large sections of the mosaic tile floor have repaired and restored. Visitors must walk around a raised floor with over head shelter. In fact, it created to protect this beautiful workmanship. A group of archaeologists and conservators began the work at Villa of the Birds in 1998. It was to preserve and present the mosaics of Villa of the Birds to the public. The successful completion of the project was due to partnership between three major authorizations. They are Supreme Council of Archaeology (SCA) and American Research Center in Egypt (ARCE). Besides United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

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This project is one of many restoration activities in Egypt. In fact, they are under the Egyptian Antiquities Project, which began in 1993. The Director of the mosaic project of Villa of the Birds was Dr. Wojciech Kolataj. He assisted by archaeologist Dr. Grzegorz Majchereck. The team included the conservator Ewa Parandowska and Conservator Essam Mursi. Moreover, it also included the mason Ramadan Abdel Rehim and laborer Mohamed Fawzi.

In fact, Villa of the Birds Alexandria is a Roman house. It named after the exceptional pavement depicting nine recognizable birds. They are pigeons, peacock, parrot, quail and water hen. Moreover, A mosaic surface of 110 square meters created by ancient artisans. They used different techniques to adorn floors. A fire had damaged the mosaics in the late third century AD. Intense heat caused the bulge of the mosaics and soot blackened their surface. The roof and wall of Villa of the Birds Alexandria collapsed causing the slump and break of the mosaics.

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Conservators cleaned the fire blackened mosaics. Moreover, they repaired breaks caused by collapsing walls. They and restored the missing portions to protect them for the long term. An overhead cover constructed. Furthermore, an underground aeration system constructed to mitigate dampness in Villa of the Birds. An elevated walkway provides a viewing platform for visitors. Information panels explain the significance of the mosaics. During construction of the glass shelter, archaeologists discovered another mosaic. It depicts a panther using small cubes of marble, stone and glass paste. The horns of a defeated prey are still visible near the panther’s fore paws.

The prey erased from the scene during ancient repairs. Visitors to Villa of The Birds Alexandria may now view the mosaics. They also can see the imperial bath complex and the Odeon theater. Villa of the Birds provides an opportunity to see Roman mosaics. It is within a house which surrounded by contemporary monuments.

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Roman Amphitheater Alexandria

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The Roman Amphitheater Alexandria is one of the most popular monuments in Alexandria City. Alexandria is the second most important city in Egypt after Cairo. Amphitheaters quite spread during the reign of the Romans. They were in different countries like Greece, Italy, and Turkey. They are present in many regions around Europe and the Middle East. Roman Amphitheater Alexandria is the only one of its type in Egypt. The word “Kom El Dekka” in Arabic, means the hill of rubble or the hill of the benches. It named when a famous historian, El Neweiry, passed by this area in the beginning of the 20th century.

El Neweiry saw the many piles of rubble and sand. The formed due to the digging of the Mahmoudeyya Canal at the end of the 19th century. The canal linked Alexandria to the Nile River. These piles looked exactly like some huge benches. El Neweiry was the one who gave the area its recent famous name. The Roman Amphitheater Alexandria indeed is one of the most important Roman architectural achievements in Egypt. It was by mere coincidence in 1960. The workers went to remove a pile of dust and sand in 1960. It was to clear the land and construct a governmental building. They found some solid iron columns while digging into the ground.

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The excavation work began in the location of Kom El Dekka. It carried out by the Graeco Roman Museum. Polish Excavation Mission in Egypt sponsored by the University of Warsaw. Excavation works revealed one of the most important discoveries in Egypt. The Roman Amphitheater Alexandria stayed in service and used to host different artistic events. It is like musical concerts and different sorts of events up till the seventh century. This fact proven due to the architectural elements present in the theater. It showed that it used during three different periods. They Roman, Byzantine and the Early Islamic era. The Roman Amphitheater Alexandria used in several purposes. It was during its long history and passing by different periods of time. It used as an odium where musical shows performed during the Roman period.

The theater, at the time, had all the elements to host perfect performance. It was like the dome that once stood over the stage and the section of the orchestra. In the Byzantine era, it used as a conference hall. It was where important meetings like public assemblies and governmental summits take place. The Roman Amphitheater Alexandria neglected during the early Islamic period and onward. In fact, it was until discovered during the middle of the 20th century. It became one of the most marvelous historical sites of the city of Alexandria. The Roman Amphitheater which we see today constructed in the 4th century AC. It was a common feature of the Graeco Roman period. Amphitheaters were special roofed theaters. They built to host music ceremonies and poet competitions during the reign of the Romans in Egypt.

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The Roman Amphitheater Alexandria featured with its marble audiences section. It is symmetrical with extended wing. In fact, it hosted up 600 spectators. The audience section of the Roman Amphitheater has a diameter of about 33 meters. It consists of 13 rows. They made of European white marble. The uppermost part was a portico which made out of Granite columns. Granite columns brought from Aswan and some of them are still standing until today. The thirteen rows of the Roman Amphitheater Alexandria numbered. They numbered with Roman digits and letters. It was to regulate the seating of the audience in different occasions.

There were also five compartments. They constructed at the top of the audience section. They used to host important figures and wealthy tradesmen during performances. These compartments used to have ceilings with domes. Domes based upon large columns made of granite to protect the audience from the sun and the rain. The domes used to magnify the sound of the music and the chants during different performances. All these structures destroyed during an earthquake. It hit Alexandria in the 6th century AD. It resulted in the damage of many important structures at the time. They are like the famous Pharaohs Light House. Pharaohs Light House once stood in the position of the Qaitbey Fort nowadays.

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The steps and the rows of the Roman Amphitheater based upon a thick white limestone wall. Another wall surrounds it as well. These two walls connected together through many arches. They are where the outer wall function to support the inner wall. It was a common feature of the Roman architecture from the 2nd to the 4th century. In the middle of the structure, there is the section of the orchestra. It is where the musical performances used to take place. This section supported with two large marble columns. It has some of the finest Roman mosaics on its floor.

Contemporary researches that made some comparisons between the Roman Amphitheater Alexandria and others. The others are similar structures which discovered in Italy, Greece and Garash Theater in Tunisia. They have concluded many interesting facts. One fact is that Roman Amphitheater Alexandria not constructed to be a theater. It was not a theater for hosting performances and artistic events. In fact, it designed for meetings of important figures and officials. It was maybe for private performances which has a limited number of audience.

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Pompey’s Pillar Alexandria

Pompey’s Pillar Alexandria information, tours, prices, booking

Pompey’s Pillar Alexandria is a Roman triumphal column in the city of Alexandria, Egypt. It is the largest of its type. In fact, it constructed outside of the imperial capitals of Rome and Constantinople. Pompey’s Pillar Alexandria is the only which known free-standing column in Roman Egypt. Moreover, it not composed of drums. It indeed is one of the largest ancient monoliths. Moreover, it is also one of the largest monolithic columns which ever erected. The monolithic column shaft measures 20.46 m in height with a diameter of 2.71 m at its base. The weight of the single piece of red Aswan granite estimated at 285 ton. Pompey’s Pillar Alexandria is 26.85 m high including its base and capital.

Other authors give slightly deviating dimensions. It dates back to the time of Pompey. The Corinthian column actually built in 297 AC. It commemorate the victory of Roman emperor Diocletian over an Alexandrian revolt. The Emperor Diocletian erected this memorial column. Pompey’s Pillar Alexandria erected in honor of the Roman Emperor, as a sign of gratitude. A serious revolt in the city took place. Diocletian came himself, ordering the city to besieged. After 8 months of resistance, the city finally surrendered. As a result of the siege, there was famine in the city. The Emperor ordered that a part of the corn, which sent to Rome, given to the people of Alexandria. He exempted them from paying taxes during these hard times. For that they erected, in his honor the Pompey’s Pillar Alexandria .

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Crusaders believed, that ashes of the great Pompey were in a pot at the top of the column. It was in the middle ages the. In fact, it was a mistake. Thus today it called “Pompey’s Pillar”. Around the commemorative Column of Diocletian there are some monuments that can seen. On the backside, there is the remains of a Serapium, or a temple of the God Serapis. It now damaged. In fact, it built during the reigns of Ptolemy II and Ptolemy III. It damaged due to the revolts of the Jewish population in Alexandria. In fact, it was during the reign of the Emperor Trajan (89-118 A.C). Moreover, it rebuilt again during the reign of Hadrian (117-137 AC). It likely destroyed, once more, after the appearance of Christianity. Furthermore, it consisted of a high platform accessed by a staircase of 100 steps.

At the side of the platform there was a basin, which used for purification. There were 2 galleries at the back of the temple. In fact, they completely cut into the rock. In the 1st gallery a black statue of basalt, dates back to the reign of Hadrian discovered. It represents the God Serapis, in a shape of a bull. It now exhibited in the Graeco – Roman Museum in Alexandria. The second gallery known mistakenly as the Daughter Library. It seems that it was an Anubidiun, or a burial for the mummies of Anubis. It considered until the a reign of Ptolemy IV, a member of the Pantheon of Alexandria.

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