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Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria Egypt

Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria

Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria information, tours, prices, booking

Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria located in the neighborhood of Zizenia in Alexandria city. In fact, Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria indeed is one of the largest Museums in Egypt. Moreover, it has a surface area of around 4185 meters. Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria hosts the most valuable displays. They include the jewelry and the ornaments which queens and princesses of the last royal family of Egypt wore. Moreover, the building of Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria itself is truly marvelous. In fact, it housed in the palace of Princess Fatema El Zahraa. It indeed is a rare piece of architectural art that constructed in the 19th century.

Some of the displays of the museum date back to the period of Mohamed Ali Pasha. It was when became the Khedive of Egypt in 1805. He took control of the country making it independent from the Ottoman rule. Moreover, he established a dynasty that ruled Egypt for 147 years. The grandson of Mohamed Ali, Khedive Ismail wanted to make Egypt a part of the modernity of Europe. This is why Khedive Ismail added electric lamps to the street of Egypt. Khedive Ismail hired the most skillful Egyptian and foreign artists to create the golden jewelry of the royal family. He also did for the antiques that used to decorate their houses and palaces. In fact, Khedive Ismail ruled Egypt from 1863 till 1879,

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This is the main reason why most of the displays of the museum date back to his ruling period. After the Egyptian revolution of the year 1952, all the royal jewelry expropriated. They remained in the governmental stores for a long period of time. The committee which specified to establish the Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria attracted to the Palace of Princess Fatema El Zahraa. Fatema was the daughter of Prince Haidar Fadel, the son of Prince Mustafa Fadel, the brother of Khedive Ismail. The palace of Princess Fatema El Zahraa constructed in the period between 1919 and 1923. This palace is considered to be a piece of European architectural art in itself. It built by French, Italian, and Belgium architects and artists.

The palace erected following the school of Michael Angelo using the calm style of coloring and decorations. The Palace of Fatema Al Zahraa constructed over a surface area of 4185 square meters. The palace consists of two large suits. The Eastern Suite has two halls and a gallery. The gallery with a bronze statue of a boy in the center of it. The walls of this suit have rich colored windows decorations all over it. The Western Suit consists of two floors. Each has four large halls with three bathrooms. Bathrooms coated with decorative colored ceramics. An elegant foyer connects between the two suits of the palace. It featured with ten glass frames in the shape of ten doors with drawings. They represent European historical scenes and legendary stories like Romeo and Juliet.

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The windows of Fatema Al Zahraa palace decorated with colored glass. The grounds of the palace coated with the finest types of wood. The wood imported from Turkey and other European countries. The Palace of Fatema Al Zahraa was the perfect choice to host the valuable displays of Royal Museum. After the revolution of 1952, the Egyptian government has captured the palace from Princess Fatema Al Zahraa. It transformed to become the lounge of the president of Egypt before it opened as the Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria.

The Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria has more than 11 thousand displays include the collection of Prince Mohamed Ali Tawfik. This collection consists of 12 cups made out of bronze and gold. It also includes 2753 lobes of precious stones and diamonds. It also includes a money bag made out of gold and other valuable precious stones. The priceless collection of Prince Mohamed Ali Tawfik has the marvelous Sultan pocket watch. It made out of pure gold and precious stones. The collection also include and many of glass cups decorated with 977 lobes of diamonds.

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Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria also displays the collection that dates back to the ruling period of Saeed Pasha. It contains some golden clocks and watches. Moreover, it also include Turkish, Egyptian and European insignia decorated with gold and diamonds. It also includes 4000 Roman, Persian, Byzantine, and Coptic coins. The most impressive exhibits of the Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria is the snuffing box of Mohammad Ali. He is the founder of the Royal Family in Egypt. The collection includes ornamented with diamonds. It also includes his set of chess and his monumental sword.

The sword that created in the shape of a snake. It decorated with 600 diamonds gathered from the collections of many princesses of the Royal Family. The walls of the Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria have some magnificent painted portraits. They are of Khedive Ismail, his wives, sons, and daughters. All put in pure golden frames. The collection of King Farouk featured with the extensive use of diamonds. The first piece of this collection was the sistrum. In fact, he used it when he was a baby to call his servants. This sistrum made in the shape of a royal crown. It made out of palatine, diamonds, emeralds, rubies and small pieces of gold.

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Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria has also a collection of King Farouk. It contains his personal stick that made of ebony and gold. It also contains a magnificent set of cups decorated with gold and sapphire. Each cup having 229 pieces of sapphire and 29 pieces of diamonds. The whole section in the Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria specified to display the gifts to King Farouk. This collection also includes the tea set given to the king and his wife. It given to them on their wedding day by the Pashas of Egypt. This is besides to a plate made out of agate that given to King Farouk by the Czar of Russia.

One of the most startling displays in the Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria is the crown of Queen Shwikar. It is one of the largest and most beautiful crowns of the members of the royal family in Egypt. There is also the hall of the belongings of Queen Farida, the wife of King Farouk. It exhibits her crown that made out of gold and palatine and ornamented by 1506 pieces of diamonds. This is besides a large collection of diamonds, rubies, emeralds and corals.

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Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria has also the collection of princess Fawzeya. She was the sister of King Farouk and the wife of the Shah of Iran, Mohammadd Reda Balhawy. The collection includes palatine ring where the name of the princess carved. It has also a belt that ornamented by 240 pieces of diamonds. Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria includes many other displays that include a large royal clock. The royal clock decorated with diamonds and has the shape of an elephant made out of ivory and sapphire. Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria displays many golden and palatine chest pins. It also displays large number of the personal belongings of the Royal Family members of Egypt.

A section of the Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria dedicated to the antiques and gifts. These antiques and gifts given to the Royal Family. It includes the famous plate of Queen Eugenie that given to Khedive Ismail in the opening of the Suez Canal. The estimated price is around 15 million pounds. It ornamented with diamonds, sapphires, and emerald. Royal Jewelry Museum Alexandria has undergone a long restoration. The renovation period took long time and reopened in the year 2010.

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Many services and facilities added to the museum. They include central air conditioning and a library. The museum also includes a cafe, a seminar hall, and a restoration laboratory. There is security alarm system in the museum to protect it against thrifts and fire. It has also surveillance cameras. The renovation cost of the Museum is more than nine million dollars. In April 2010 Suzanne Mubarak, officially reopened the museum for public visits.

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Trianon Cafe Alexandria

Trianon Cafe Alexandria

Trianon Cafe Alexandria information, tours, prices, booking

Trianon Cafe Alexandria originally founded in Europe circa 1555. In fact, Trianon Cafe Alexandria is an iconic tea room in Alexandria. Moreover, it allegedly opened in 1905 and harks back to the city’s golden days as a Cosmopolitan society. Trianon Cafe located on the seafront side of Le Metropole Hotel on the Alexandrian Corniche. It takes up nearly half of the hotel’s ground-floor block. The café and restaurant will take you back to the glory days of what this tea room looked like. In fact, it will happen once you enter through the dark wooden doors. Trianon once entertained royalty, foreign dignitaries and iconic figures. They are such as Om Kolthoum and Greek poet Cavafy.

The tea room’s open space and the Art Deco murals create a rustic and old school feel. In fact, the dark wood accents against light-green carpeting will do the same. To top it off, waiters and waitresses decked out head to toe in the traditional diner uniform; all black and white and pristine ironed. You will love the open coffee bar, though; the espresso came daintily served and did the job for around 9 LE. One of the Trianon Cafe Alexandria’s signature dishes is the delicious breakfast platter. It unfortunately not served after 11 AM. So get there early if you want to try breakfast in a classic Alexandrian atmosphere. For 30 LE, the club sandwich was seriously the size of the entire plate.

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Served with a side of mediocre fries, the sandwich consisted of three layers of toast side by side. It melded together by endless amounts of cheese– note: six pieces of bread in total. Turkey, lettuce and tomato filled the layers. The entire top covered in more melted cheddar cheese, three sliced eggs and topped with black olive. The Alfredo pasta was smaller in but just as rich in flavor. For 25 LE, a bowl of pasta came filled with cream and chicken, and seasoned with a light Italian mixture. Also on the menu were other sandwich and pasta options, as well as various salads and soups. All ranging between 15 LE to 50 LE.

Trianon Cafe is the kind of café in Alexandria that attracts tourists and Cavafy fans. It also does the locals seeking a nostalgic return to the Alexandria. It now only captured in black-and-white photographs and classic Egyptian films. Head to Trianon, step back in time; and enjoy the view of the Mediterranean Sea while you’re at it.

Address: 52 Saad Zaghloul Street, Midan El Raml, Alexandria.

Tel: +20 3 486 0973
Opens at: 7 am

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Athineos Alexandria Egypt

Athineos Alexandria Egypt

Information about Athineos Alexandria Egypt, tours, Booking

Athineos Alexandria founded in 1900 in Alexandria city in Egypt. In fact, it indeed is one of Alexandria’s oldest coffee shops and restaurants. Athineos Alexandria located opposite Midan El Ramlin Alexandria. The building still exudes its ancient charm. Furthermore, it became over the past few years a favorite haunt of tourist groups. These who touring the Pearl of the Mediterranean. In fact, lunches in Athineos Alexandria organized in a buffet setting. They offered within the restaurant’s huge dining room. If you plan to explore Alexandria at your own, try getting to Athineos. You have to go to it in the early morning. This is if you are looking for a coffee and breakfast. You will have the company of the original unmovable Alexandrian customers.

That is when you’ll be able to enjoy all the quietness you need to gaze freely. You will do it at the ornamental details of the place. In fact, Athineos features high decorated ceilings and walls. It also features Art-Deco furniture, beautiful imposing columns and the Greek inspired sculptures.

Address: 21 Midan Saad Zaghloul, Alexandria
Tel: +20 3 486 8131

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Alexandria National Museum

Alexandria National Museum Egypt

Information about Alexandria National Museum, tours, Booking

Alexandria National Museum indeed is one of Egypt’s finest museums. In fact, Alexandria National Museum inaugurated by Previous President Hosni Mubarak on December 2003. Alexandria National Museum located in a restored palace. In fact, it contains about 1,800 artifacts that narrate the history of Alexandria throughout the ages. They are including the Pharaonic, Roman, Coptic and Islamic eras. There are even some more modern pieces from 19th century. They are such as glassware, silverware, chinaware and precious jewels. They provide a sense of the richness of the court of Mohammed Ali and his descendants.

Mummies shown in a special underground chamber (basement) at Alexandria National Museum. Some of the items found during the archaeological underwater excavations in Alexandria. They are now on the same floor as the Greco-Roman artifacts. In fact, Alexandria National Museum housed in the old Al-Saad Bassili Pasha Palace. He was one of the wealthiest wood merchants in Alexandria during his lifetime. Alexandria National Museum located on Fouad Street (Tariq al-Horreyya). It is near to the center of the city. Construction on the site first undertaken in 1926. The palace covers an area of 3,480 square meters. It is a white Italian-style mansion that sits in an expansive garden of rare trees and plants.

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The palace consists of four floors and an underground shelter. The shelter used during World War II air raids. The palace designed by a French engineer who used the Italian styles in its construction. His three store palace was a gathering place. It was for the upper class people of Egyptian society in Alexandria. Moreover, it included notables such as Egypt’s former Prime Ministers, Ismail Sedqi Pasha. It also included and Maher Pasha. This villa sold to the Americans as a consulate in 1960. And thereafter in 1997, purchased by the Ministry of Culture for about 12 million LE. Its conversion to a museum costed another 18 million LE.

The conversion included up to date audiovisual equipment, security and fire protection,. In the preparation of the Alexandria National Museum, the highest of standards has adopted. It is in display techniques and in the design of educational and cultural galleries. Egypt’s museums were not to assume an educational and cultural role. They rather to function as buildings for storing antiquities. The Ministry of Culture began transforming them into places to visitors. It is a cultural message about the varied creative products of the Egyptian civilization. Alexandria National Museum is unique museum in Egypt. The museum is the only one which narrates the history of the people of Alexandria. It is through antiquity.

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Passing through the main gate, one mounts an elegant semi-rounded staircase. It is in view of a life-size Graeco-Roman Period marble statue of a toga clad matron. Crossing a small but decorated foyer. It is with two rows of speckled gray marble columns. One enters Alexandria National Museum proper. One will find symbolic colors used, just as they were during Pharaonic time. They are in a specific arrangement. The Pharaonic section itself at Alexandria National Museum, features dark blue walls. This color meant to portray the journey of the ancient Egyptians. The journey is to their eternal afterlife. In the Greek-Roman Period section, objects set against a sky-blue. They reflecting romance and a lust for life.

The Copts and Muslims share beliefs about heaven. The sections reserved for artifacts from these religious traditions painted green. The artifacts within the museum’s collection not exhibited in the past. They were in storage in various other Egyptian Museums. And thus come from the Egyptian Antiquity Museum, Coptic and Islamic Museums in Cairo. Others are from the Graeco-Roman Museum and Royal Jewelry Museum in Alexandria. Items from the Pharaonic Period span each critical period. They include the Old, Middle and New Kingdoms. Among the masterpieces on display is a statue of King Menkaure. He is the builder of the third pyramid at Giza.

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There is also a head of a statue of Akhenaton (Amenhotep IV) and a head of Hatshepsut. She is the great female pharaoh of Egypt. There is also a fine statue of a scribe. Moreover, there are also several statuettes of servants which depicted in the midst of daily activities. There are also many offering tables, building tools and statues of deities. There is a replica of a tomb. It is like those in the Valley of the Kings on the West Bank at Luxor. It contains one mummy along with genuine funerary equipment. These items include canopic jars, an anthropoid sarcophagi. They contain the mummy, ushabti figures and the deceased private possessions. The tomb meant to provide an overview of the Ancient Egyptian concept of burial and the afterlife.

Alexandria was a Graeco-Roman city of great splendor. There is no scarcity of objects from this period. Among the most noteworthy the painted terra-cotta Tanagra figurines. They are of dressed Greek women. The figurines stand motionless with styled looks. They wearing hats or veils and holding children, fans or pets. From the Roman Period, displays include busts of the Emperor Hadrian. It also has a red granite statue of Caracala. The collection also includes reports from pioneering scientific studies on the human body. They undertaken in Alexandria, complete with marble hands, legs and torsos.

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Alexandria National Museum features a display (on the Graeco-Roman floor) of artifacts. It raised during underwater excavations around Alexandria in recent years. Huge posters feature activities from various underwater sites over the last few years. Here, one finds some of the most important pieces raised from the sea bed. They include a black basalt statue of a high priest in a temple of the goddess Isis. It lifted in 1998, a 2.2 meter granite statue of Isis found in May 2001. There is also the granite stela of King Nakhtnebef. It is an identical copy of the Naucratis stela. It discovered in the Sunken City of Heraklion offshore from Abu Qir. The floor devoted to Coptic and Islamic items. It has a variety of objects from Egypt’s two most prominent religious traditions.

Coptic Christian items include icons of Jesus, Virgin Mary and the Last Supper. They also include tombstones and clothes decorated with golden and silver crosses. Among the Islamic objects a collection of 162 gold and silver coins minted in Alexandria. Many of metal incense burners, chandeliers and decorated pottery. The objects also include doors and Mashrabiya windows inset with geometrical ivory ornamentation. Finally, the lives of Egypt’s former royal family revealed in a collection . Collection include magnificent jewelry, bejeweled gold and silver awards. It also include watches, crystal glasses and vases. It also include gold-plated handbags, rings, necklaces and bracelets.

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The museum has high-tech restoration laboratory for antiquities and electronic security system. It is to preserve these precious objects. A hall in the basement has transformed into an audio visual workshop. It is in which visitors can tour the museum via computer programs . They display every item in the museum from a variety of angles. Use has made of every available space. The old garage for the American Consulate’s staff has converted into a lecture hall. It is also an open air theater for evening performances. The open air theater can accommodate an audience of about 800. The lecture auditorium holds about 150 people. Alexandria National Museum allows cameras. Camera flashes costing 30 LE.

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Mahmoud Saeed Museum Alexandria

Mahmoud Saeed Museum Alexandria

Mahmoud Saeed Museum Alexandria Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

Mahmoud Saeed Museum Alexandria located in Alexandria city, Egypt. In fact, Mahmoud Saeed Museum Alexandria belongs to the famous artist Mr. Mahmoud Saeed. Mr. Mahoud Saeed born in Alexandria, Egypt son of Muhammad Saeed Pasha, the Prime Minister of Egypt in that period. After receiving his high school diploma, he went on to law school, receiving his degree in 1919. Moreover, between 1919 and 1921 he traveled through Europe, ultimately studying at the Académie Julian. He returned to Egypt and worked at the Mixed Courts of Egypt until his father’s death in 1950.

Furthermore, between 1919 and his death in 1964, Saeed was a prolific oil painter. In Alexandria, his first trained with Italian painter, Amelia Casonato Da Forno, and later with Arturo Zanieri. He often shared the studio of his good friend, the Greek painter, Aristomenis Angelopoulos. A short visit to the Mahmoud Saeed Museum Alexandria will transport you to the 40’s and 50’s. In fact, it is the Egyptian 20th century golden era. Moreover, after retiring from his judge duties, Mahmoud Saeed started to paint Egypt as he saw it. Furthermore, he mixed some echoes from the past with modern techniques such as cubism and social realism. Housed in the artist’s beautiful Italian-style villa, Mahmoud Saeed Museum Alexandria has display about 40 of Saeed’s paintings.

Address: 6 Mohammad Saeed Pasha St., Gianaclis area, Alexandria.
Opening Hours: From 10 am to 6 pm, closed on Mondays

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Imam Al Busiri mosque Alexandria and tomb and Burda

Imam Al Busiri Mosque Alexandria Egypt

Imam Al Busiri mosque Alexandria information, tomb, Burda

Imam Al Busiri mosque Alexandria located in Alexandria city, Egypt. Different biographers present slightly different versions of Imam Al Busiri’s life. Certain facts agreed upon by all North African to the Sanhaji tribe of Morocco. Historian al Maqrizi claimed that Al Busiri’s family was from Hammad Citadel in Morocco. Furthermore, it was a part of the Banu Habnun tribe. Little known about Imam Al Busiri childhood. It is although scholars surmise that he received the usual education for children of his time. He would have attended a Qur’an school and memorized the entire Qur’an.

Kilani asserts that Imam Al Busiri’s family was poor as he forced to search for work from a young age. Sometime during his youth, he made his way to Cairo, where he pursued his studies. There, he exposed to the important Islamic sciences. They are Arabic language and linguistics. They are also literature, history and the biography of the Prophet Muammad. Even as a young man, Imam Al Busiri began to compose poetry which was not of a religious nature. In 1240 at the age of 30, he composed a poem to petition the King Najm Al Din Al Ayyubi. It was when he failed to allot a generous endowment to Imam Al Busiri mosque Alexandria.

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An accomplished poet, he would often recite his poetry and give lessons at mosques in Cairo. Many young poets studied under him. They are such as Athir al-Din Muammad Ibn Yusuf Abu Hayyan al-Andalusi 1325 AC. And Abu al-Fath Ibn Sayyid al-Nas al-Yamari 1334 AC and Izz al-Din b. Jamaah 1335 AC. His best known for the deeply religious are Burdah and the Hamziyyah poems. Imam Al Busiri’s complete diwan is still extant. It includes poetry that reveals the transition from a rough and terse youth. It also include a mature man with a deeply spiritual disposition. Based on his poetry, one can map out his spiritual development. He records his experiences in life, interactions with people, complaints, and insights.

Imam Al Busiri’s short and slender stature led the people ridicule him. It led also to be the source of their jokes. Early on in his career, he wrote a number satire poems. They revealed his feelings about being ridiculed. He also had a hard time accepting criticism from other poets. Moreover, he even wrote a rebuttal of a poet, one Zayn al-Din who had insulted his work. He known to have a harsh tongue. Furthermore, he took pleasure in composing hijaa, or satire, poetry to insult his enemies. The historian al-Shehab Mahmoud wasa contemporary of Imam Al Busiri. He wrote that he was a misanthrope who would attack others with his words. He also added that he had a bad reputation in the courts of princes and viziers.

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Imam Al Busiri lived in various locations in Cairo and in the Delta region. He worked primarily as a scribe and poet for the local rulers. At one time, a ruler offered him the position of a muhtasib, or market inspector, in Cairo, but he rejected it. From this job offer, we can find out that Imam Al Busiri had a decent knowledge of Islamic law. It is because the job requires a thorough knowledge of Islamic jurisprudence and law. He lived for a long time in the Lower Egypt town of Bilbis 1261-1265 AC. Moreover, he worked there as a scribe and manuscript copyist. He seems to skilled in accounting. That was although al-Maqrizi claimed that he made a lot of mistakes and was not competent in this skill.

Imam Al Busiri interested in religious polemics. He read the Hebrew Bible, New Testament, and religious history of Judaism. He also read Christianity primarily. It was defend Islam and the position of the Prophet Muammad. Some of his colleagues at work were Jewish and Christian. In fact, he known to engage in fiery debates with them. He interested in proving to them that the Gospels did not indicate that Jesus was a god. And that it contained signs of the coming of the Prophet Muammad. He was also concerned with correcting what he believed to be mistakes. It was in the Hebrew Bible that told stories of the prophets and of their sins.

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In addition to being a poet, Imam Al Busiri was also a fine calligrapher. He was also a composer of prose, although nothing of his writing or calligraphy is extant. It said at one point, he made a living designing the engravings for tombstones. In an attempt to make money, he also opened a Qur’an school for children in Cairo. But this venture failed and he forced to close it. As for his domestic life, his poems paint a hellish impression of living. It was with his constantly pregnant wife and gaggle of children. He talks of his wife conspiring with his sister-in-law. It was to get him to divorce her by hitting him and pulling out the hairs from his beard. Moreover, he also complains in detail about old age. He also does about his inability to provide his children with enough food and the problem he faced.

In fact, he could not provide his daughter with furnishings for her home for her marriage. Moreover, he spent some time in the central Delta town of al-Mahallah. It was where he was the poet and scribe for the mayor. He received a monthly wage for composing panegyric poems of the ruler. In al-Mahallah, Imam Al Busiri clashed with the local Christian scribes, copyists and poets. He wrote verses complaining of his treatment at their hands. Sometime during his stay in al-Mahallah, it seems he broke his leg. It was on a visit to the public baths and complained bitterly about his leg in many poems.

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His relation with others was so bad that it reached the point where they wished he would die. Once, when he became very sick, a rumor quickly spread that he had died. Upon recovering from his sickness, he wrote a satirical poem. It was to mock his enemies who spread rumors of his death. The phrase was “I am not the one who would die before them”. I will survive them and weep over their graves. It’s true that I had almost lost my life but the generosity of this vizier gave me a new life.”

Imam Al Busiri had enemies among Jews, Christians and among his coreligionists. In fact, he also had enemies among those closest to him, including his wife. He wrote satirical poems attacking anyone who criticized or insulted him. He recorded each event and rebuttal in a poem. According to al-Maqrizi, Imam Al Busiri would befriend important members of the court. It was such as the vizier Zayn al-Din. al-Zubayr. And would support them no matter if they were just or oppressive rulers. He supported the Mamluk rulers. He wrote zealous panegyric poems . The poems praised Turkish Mamluks that also affronted the local Arab population. The only positive characteristic of Imam Al Busiri recorded by al-Maqrizi. It was that he was generous.

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It not known when exactly Imam Al Busiri became a disciple of Al Mursi Abu Al Abbas. It can posited that this happened later on in his life. Itis at least some years before the death of al-Mursi in 1287 AC. Imam Al Busiri seemed to have struggled to follow Sufi principles. He desired to live in isolation from people. In fact, he had a large family and was often unable to feed them due to his poverty. He said “If I were on my own, I like to be a disciple in a Sufi hostel”.

His later poetry consists mainly of panegyric poems praising the Prophet Muhammad. And he bears little similarity to that of his earlier satirical poems. Perhaps after becoming a Sufi disciple, he underwent a spiritual awakening. It seen in the form the Burdah and the accompanying story of its composition. Moreover, it also was from his previous harsh and misanthropic nature. It seems to be conflicting information about Imam Al Busiri ’s life. It seen in the biographies of non-Sufi historians. Furthermore, it also seen from hagiographies written by Sufi scholars. Sufi hagiographies always describe him as an older man with a head of white hair.

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The time line of Imam Al Busiri’s life is not clear. It known that as a grown man, he drawn towards Sufism. He joined the Shadhili order under the guidance of his Shaykh Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi. It was in Alexandria. And which at the time was a center for North African Sufis. At this time, the Shadhili Sufi order was still in its infancy and founded by al-Mursi. Imam Al Busiri was fond of Al Mursi Abu Al Abbas. He studied Sufi thought and practice under him. This background would have a strong influence on his later poetry. He was faithful to his order. He wrote poems full of praise of al-Shadhili and al-Mursi. They were in their spiritual attributes and ranking. Imam Al Busiri was the contemporary of Ibn al-Farid, the great Sufi poet and mystic.

It also said that he was a friend of Ibn Ata Allah Al Sakandari. Al Sakandari is Sufi scholar and jurists. He wrote the famous Hikam, or collection of Sufi aphorisms. It is as well as a spiritual biography of A Shadhili and Al Mursi. In Sufi hagiographies, Imam Al Busiri painted as a saint-like figure. It is the person who had reached the high spiritual station (maqam) of Al Ghawthiyyah Al kubra. They claim that when he walks down the street, the young and old come out to greet him. They also kiss his hand. It said that his bod has emitted a sweet scent. He wore fine clothes, had a head of snow-white hair and humble smile. He was ascetic in his lifestyle. Moreover, he also had a respectable and virtuous character.

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Kilani disregards these attributes of Imam Al Busiri based on his readings of his poetry. Imam Al Busiri was indeed an unpleasant person. It was for much of his life until he discovered Sufism. He mended his ways, and reached a high spiritual station. This station respected and acknowledged by his fellow Sufis. Imam Al Busiri’s praise poetry of the Prophet Muhammad divided into two periods. The first from before Imam Al Busiri’s Hajj and the second after his return from the Hajj. Imam Al Busiri did not perform his pilgrimage until at least after 1255 AC. Before going on Hajj, he composed many praise poems. Some of them referred to his longing to visit the tomb of the Prophet.

Upon his arrival to Madinah and Makkah, he composed poems revealing his joy. The joy is at the tomb of his beloved and other places which Prophet visited. Although buried in Alexandria, it not known if Imam Al Busiri spent his last years in Cairo or Alexandria. His official tomb located in Alexandria, there are some dispute about where he buried. Al-Maqrizi recorded that he died in al-Mansuri Hospital in Cairo. Al- Ayyashi is a North African traveler who visited Cairo in 1663 AC. He mentioned that he visited Imam Al Busiri’s tomb in the area of the jurist Imam al-Shafii’s tomb. It located in the southern cemetery of Cairo. Imam Al Busiri indeed buried at the foot of al-Muqattam hills. It is where historians presumably thought the younger poet Imam Al Busiri buried.

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Al Mursi Abu Al Abbas mosque

Al Mursi Abu Al Abbas Mosque Alexandria Egypt

Al Mursi Abu Al Abbas Mosque Alexandria, tours, Booking

Al Mursi Abu Al Abbas Mosque is the most historic and most beautiful mosque in Alexandria, Egypt. In fact, Al Mursi Abu Al Abbas Mosque built primarily in 1775. It built over the tomb of a Spanish scholar and saint. Moreover, it stands on Mosque Square overlooking the eastern harbor. Al Mursi Abu Al Abbas (whose full name is much longer) born to a wealthy family. It was in the Andalusia region of Spain in 1219. Furthermore, in the wake of increasing Christian control of Spain, he and his family left for Tunisia in 1242. Moreover, he later went on to Alexandria, a popular destination of many Muslim scholars at the time.

In fact, Al Mursi Abu Al Abbas lived in Alexandria for 43 years. He lived as a scholar and teacher until his death in 1286. Moreover, he buried in a small building near the eastern harbor in Alexandria. In 1307, El Sheikh Zein El Din, one of the richest traders of Alexandria, visited the tomb. He funded a mausoleum and dome for the tomb, along with a small mosque. The tomb of Abu Al Abbas indeed became a place of pilgrimage for many Muslims from Egypt and Morocco. They are who passed through Alexandria on their way to and from Mecca.

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In fact, Al Mursi Abu Al Abbas Mosque periodically restored over the centuries. It was by rulers who built themselves tombs next to the saint. Moreover, most of the present structure dates back to 1775. It was when the Algerian Sheikh Abu el Hassan El Maghreby built a much larger mosque on the site. Al Mursi Abu Al Abbas Mosque renovated in 1863. Furthermore, an annual festival established to celebrate the birth of Al Mursi Abu Al Abbas. The mosque again beautified in 1943. In fact, it was under King Farouq I (1937-1952). The king built the Midan el Masged, or “Mosque Square”.

In fact, the square covers some 43,200 square meters. Moreover, it includes five other mosques centered around Al Mursi Abu Al Abbas Mosque. In fact, the mosque renovated in the Arabian style. The style was popular when the saint came to Alexandria in the 13th century. In fact, the total cost of about 140,000 LE. The cream-colored Al Mursi Abu Al Abbas Mosque stands 23 m high. It dressed in artificial stone, with a minaret on the southern side rising to 73 m. Situated near the shore of the eastern harbor, the mosque and its neighbors. In fact, they clearly seen from the sea. The minaret has an Ayoubids design, with four sections of different shapes. The mosque has an entrance on the north and one on the east, both of which overlook the square.

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The main part of Al Mursi Abu Al Abbas mosque is an octagon. with internal walls. They dressed in artificial stone except for a 5.6 m-high mosaic. The high ceiling decorated with arabesque. It contains a great octagonal skylight known as a Shokhsheikha. Each side of the skylight has three windows of colored glass in arabesque designs. They set into aluminum frames. This skylight surrounded by four domes, placed over the four mausoleums within the complex.

The floors of Al Mursi Abu Al Abbas mosque paved in white marble. The doors, minbar and windows made of joined and finely carved teak, citronia and walnut. The minbar (pulpit) capped by a dome and has verses from the Qur’an written at the top in French gold. The mihrab is niche indicating the direction of Mecca. In fact, it stands at the base of the mosque’s minaret. It flanked by the creed “There is no god except Allah and Mohammad is the prophet of Allah”. Furthermore, it written in Arabic script. Also on other side of the mihrab are two columns of Egyptian granite. They are with the name of Muhammad which written in Kufic Arabic calligraphy at each end.

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Alexandria Library Bibliotheca Alexandrina

Alexandria Library Alexandria Egypt

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Alexandria Library also called Bibliotheca Alexandrina. In fact, it is much more than a library. The Library located in Alexandria city, Egypt. Alexandria Library features BA Library. In fact, the BA library is a learning space that offers information in all its formats. It is through its collections of books, periodicals, maps and manuscripts. Moreover, it is also through the multimedia and electronic resources. Alexandria Library composed of the Main Library. The main library indeed is the largest reading room of the world. It also composed of many specialized libraries. They are Children’s Library, the Young People’s Library and the Taha Hussein Library. The last one is for the Blind and Visually Impaired serve the specific needs of their users.

The special collections of the library include the Arts & Multimedia Library. They also include the Manuscript Reading Room. Moreover, the collection include the Microfilm Reading Room. They also include the Rare Books & Special Collections Reading Room. Furthermore, they also include the Nobel Section and Shadi Abdel Salam Collection.

Taha Hussein Library in Alexandria Library:

The Taha Hussein Library (TH) offers a new approach in library services. The services are for the blind and visually impaired. Equipped with special software, the Library applies the latest technology. In fact, the technology makes it possible for its users to read books and journals. It also lets them access all the resources of the library as well as selected web resources. In this way they enabled to gain more independence. One of the main goals of the TH library is to offer equal access to all users. It is regardless to their disability. The TH located at the Entrance Level to facilitate physical access for its visitors.

Children’s Library in Alexandria Library:

The Children’s Library (CH) provides educational, recreational and cultural resources for children. They children who aged 6 to 11. In fact, it contains a large collection of picture books, story books. It also contains nonfictional books and multimedia materials. The material is available in several languages. It also covers a wide range of subjects from arts to zoology. In addition to the reading area, the CH encompasses a computer lab. It also features an activities room, a storytelling and puppet-show corner. Moreover, it also features a multimedia corner.

A special section dedicated to children with different types of disabilities. In fact, several activities offered by the CH staff on a daily basis. They are such as storytelling, puppet show performances and arts and crafts groups. Children’s authors often invited to read to the children. The main goal of the CH is to develop the children’s reading and research. It also develops creativity skills through the different programs and activities.

Young People’s Library in Alexandria Library:

The Young People’s Library (YP) opens up a vast world of knowledge and entertainment. It also provides the culture for young people aged 12 to 16. The YP introduces its visitors to modern information technology. It also develops their reading and research skills and encourages social interaction. The collection of books in the YP area covers the same topics as in the Main Library. But it tailored to suit young people’s requirements. The YP Library offers access to different periodicals, multimedia and e-resources. It is besides to huge databases covering a variety of subjects.

Arts and Multimedia Library in Alexandria Library:

The Arts and Multimedia Library holds a rich print. In fact, it also holds an audiovisual collection of the Arts. The print collection includes books, musical scores and periodicals. The collection also includes the audio-visual collection. The last one covers a broad spectrum of motion pictures and documentary films. It also covers educational programs and self-teaching methods in languages and computers. The Audiovisual materials used in individual or group study rooms within the Library.

Library Map Library in Alexandria Library:

The Map Library houses a collection of more than 7000 maps. In fact, the maps cover all parts of the world with special focus on Alexandria, Egypt. It also focuses on the Arab world and the Mediterranean region. The collection contains maps of various types. In fact, it includes topographic, thematic, geologic maps and world maps. It also includes street maps, estate maps, contour maps and transportation. Moreover, it also includes communication maps, facsimile maps, atlases and nautical charts. Furthermore, it also includes aeronautical charts, satellite and aerial images, and globes. The Map Library located in B4 at the Main Library.

The Rare Books and Special Collections in Alexandria Library:

Rare collections cover all remarkable, unique items within the BA’s holdings. In fact, the collections include original manuscripts, early printed books and maps. They also include antique coins, celebrities’ personal effects and exceptional donations. The section houses many of units and specialized work groups. It also includes two reading rooms dedicated to researchers and postgraduate students. The first (B1) houses thousands of original manuscripts. It also house printed references on heritage. The second room (B2) allocated for rare books and special collections.

Micro-forms in Alexandria Library:

In fact, Micro-form is a felicitous medium for the preservation of rare manuscripts. It also for the printed materials and documents against potential loss or damage. In fact, the damage which based on the excessive circulation and age. The BA obtained microfilms of rare manuscripts and documents. The Micro-form Section also comprises comprehensive and exclusive collections. In fact, the collections are of national and Arabic newspapers. They serve as a historical register of important events, as well as rare documents. All micro-form collections are now available for consultation in the Micro-form Reading Room.

Nobel Section in Alexandria Library:

Located on the third floor (F3) of the Library. In fact, the Nobel Section comprises book collections of Nobel Prize Laureates in Literature. It is from 1901 to present. The Nobel Section comprises the Nobel Room and the Gad Rausing Auditorium. It also features the Söderberg Lounge. The furniture of the Nobel Section designed by famous Swedish designers. The Nobel Room accommodates a large meeting table. In fact, the table made of alder root and cherry wood. It is the table in the Assembly Hall of the Nobel Forum in Stockholm.

Francophone Library in Alexandria Library:

Located at the First Basement (B1). The library based on the exceptional gift from the French National Library (BnF) to the BA. The gift is a collection of 500,000 French books. In fact, the books published between 1996 and 2006 in different fields. As a result, the BA became the fourth largest francophone library in the world. It also features the biggest collection of French books outside France.

At the center of the BACC, the Hexagon is the hub of the Francophone Library. In fact, it is the meeting point of all francophone. It is a café, a cultural forum and a platform for holding ceremonies. Moreover, it features round table discussions and workshops. In fact, the Francophone Library offers different services to the public in various fields. It provides help to researchers and users about French literature. Moreover, it offers conversation workshops in French. In fact, it attempts to document the francophone world. It also introduces the geography, history, civilization, and tourist attractions of France to users.

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Qaitbay Maritime Museum Alexandria Egypt

Qaitbay Maritime Museum Alexandria

Qaitbay Maritime Museum Alexandria information, tours, prices, booking

Qaitbay Maritime Museum Alexandria is one of the smallest museums in Egypt. In fact, Qaitbay Maritime Museum Alexandria displays different kinds of sea creatures and scenes. They collected from the Red Sea and Mediterranean Sea. Qaitbay Maritime Museum Alexandria contains natural coral reefs. It also contains many kinds of fish like the Picasso fish, and some seashells. The next display of Qaitbay Maritime Museum Alexandria consists of a collection of skates and rays. Some of these creatures are more than three meters long. Some of them look scary, while some have natural colors and wonderful designs on their backs. Next, there is a huge collection of sea sponges from the Mediterranean Sea.

These creatures come in a variety of different colors and shapes. They are either a shade of white or pink and in semi-circular shapes. There are three primary kinds of sponges in Egypt. They consist of glass, turkey cup and honeycombs. The turkey cup sponge gets it’s name from it’s smooth skin. The honeycomb sponge is brown and has a wide openings in it’s body. They all live in deep sea water. Qaitbay Maritime Museum Alexandria has another section which is interesting. It is the jaws section, showing the jaws of different kinds of fish. There is also the coral reefs section. In fact, the section has a variety of collections gathered from the Red Sea. Many of the displays depict artificial scenes within main bodies of water bordering Egypt.

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The next display, on the left hand side, is a beautiful scene from the Red Sea. It demonstrates the things a diver would see under water in the Red Sea. The diver is a bit cartoon like, or at least far out of date. It is from the standpoint of modern diving gear. But there are colorful fish and many different kinds of coral reefs. Next, an amazing display you will ever find. It is a skeleton on display here that might make one believe that they exist. This creature with the body of a woman and the tail of a fish portrayed in movies as pretty. But the skeleton was rather ugly. The next section of Qaitbay Maritime Museum Alexandria is the fossil section.

Fossils are the natural remains of sea creatures. They preserved inside sea bead rocks. Sometimes these fossils contain different kinds of substances. The study of these fossils was of great help in the quest to examine the origins of Earth. Its history and the geological changes the Earth has been through. The study of these fossils is also essential for the search for petrol. After this, there is a display of a natural jaw of a shark. It poised as if the shark is attacking it’s prey. The upper jaw has six rows of sharp teeth, each six centimeters long. The length of the open jaw is more than 70 centimeters.

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The next display is a diorama of the Red Sea. In fact, it is a scene from the Red Sea. It shows the environment and explaining why it is so suitable for a large and varied number of fish. One, among the many kinds of fish shown, is the Bassar fish. It considered one of the hardest fish to catch . It is because of its strong persistence, but there are many others as well. Next, there are some drawings of fish. They are an original copy from the book of the description of Egypt. It done by the French scientists in the Napoleon occupation of Egypt. They represent another collection of fish that live in the Mediterranean Sea. This rare document would be, for some the most interesting in the museum.

The next section contains a large collection of different seashells. They found in the Red and Mediterranean Seas. These seashells vary in their shape and size. Some of them are tiny while others are huge. There are many sea shell enthusiasts and this might be of interest to them. At the end of every museum in Egypt, there always seems to be a special display. In Qaitbay Maritime Museum Alexandria, the special display is the hugest skeleton. It is of a whale that you believe you will ever see. Moreover, it is more than forty meters long and it extends the length of the entire museum. It captured in Alexandria in the 1950’s by a group of fishermen. This skeleton amazes all the visitors of the museum because of its huge size.

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Qaitbay Maritime Museum Alexandria is an entertaining experience for the whole Family. It is especially the kids who love the sea. The museum has a huge variety of displays and information. They are about the two seas that Egypt borders, the Red and Mediterranean Seas. If you visited the great Qaitbay Fort, don’t miss a look at the displays in Qaitbay Maritime Museum. It located at the old gate of the Qaitbay Fort.

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Villa of the Birds Alexandria

Villa of the Birds Alexandria

Villa of the Birds Alexandria information, tours, prices, booking

Villa of the Birds Alexandria discovered by the members of the Egyptian-Polish mission. It was during their forty years of work at Kom El Dekka, Alexandria, Egypt. In fact, Villa of the Birds Alexandria has tiny intricate mosaic tiles of beautiful birds. Moreover, the are from the remains of a large villa that stood here dating to the reign of Hadrian. It really had a stunning mosaic floor in the main room depicting various species of birds. Villa of the Birds indeed is one of the best preserved examples of a large Roman house in Egypt.

In fact, the villa destroyed with fire. Moreover, large sections of the mosaic tile floor have repaired and restored. Visitors must walk around a raised floor with over head shelter. In fact, it created to protect this beautiful workmanship. A group of archaeologists and conservators began the work at Villa of the Birds in 1998. It was to preserve and present the mosaics of Villa of the Birds to the public. The successful completion of the project was due to partnership between three major authorizations. They are Supreme Council of Archaeology (SCA) and American Research Center in Egypt (ARCE). Besides United States Agency for International Development (USAID).

Further details about Villa of the Birds Alexandria:

This project is one of many restoration activities in Egypt. In fact, they are under the Egyptian Antiquities Project, which began in 1993. The Director of the mosaic project of Villa of the Birds was Dr. Wojciech Kolataj. He assisted by archaeologist Dr. Grzegorz Majchereck. The team included the conservator Ewa Parandowska and Conservator Essam Mursi. Moreover, it also included the mason Ramadan Abdel Rehim and laborer Mohamed Fawzi.

In fact, Villa of the Birds Alexandria is a Roman house. It named after the exceptional pavement depicting nine recognizable birds. They are pigeons, peacock, parrot, quail and water hen. Moreover, A mosaic surface of 110 square meters created by ancient artisans. They used different techniques to adorn floors. A fire had damaged the mosaics in the late third century AD. Intense heat caused the bulge of the mosaics and soot blackened their surface. The roof and wall of Villa of the Birds Alexandria collapsed causing the slump and break of the mosaics.

More details about Villa of the Birds Alexandria:

Conservators cleaned the fire blackened mosaics. Moreover, they repaired breaks caused by collapsing walls. They and restored the missing portions to protect them for the long term. An overhead cover constructed. Furthermore, an underground aeration system constructed to mitigate dampness in Villa of the Birds. An elevated walkway provides a viewing platform for visitors. Information panels explain the significance of the mosaics. During construction of the glass shelter, archaeologists discovered another mosaic. It depicts a panther using small cubes of marble, stone and glass paste. The horns of a defeated prey are still visible near the panther’s fore paws.

The prey erased from the scene during ancient repairs. Visitors to Villa of The Birds Alexandria may now view the mosaics. They also can see the imperial bath complex and the Odeon theater. Villa of the Birds provides an opportunity to see Roman mosaics. It is within a house which surrounded by contemporary monuments.

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