Egypt Travel LinkEgypt Travel Link
Forgot password?

Activities in Fayoum National Parks

Wadi El Rayan Fayoum Egypt

Wadi El Rayan Fayoum Egypt

Wadi El Rayan Fayoum Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

Wadi El Rayan is a large depression in the desert of Fayoum, Egypt. In fact, Wadi El Rayan located about 140 kilometer south of Cairo, Egypt. Indeed, Wadi El Rayan is a great hydro-logical project in the middle of the desert. The water now flows into this dry basin which is 43 meters below sea level. It forms two large lakes. In fact, there were suppose to be three lakes, but one of them dried up. The reason behind this project was that the Fayoum had a drainage problem. All drainage taken by one of the two main drainage channels to Qarun’s Lake in the north.

I fact, Qarun Lake at Wadi El Rayan takes only a certain volume of drainage water. It is to balance its rate of evaporation which calculated at 370 million cubic meters per year. Any drainage water over that amount causes the lake level to rise and flood the surrounding land. Of course it will do irreparable damage because of the waters high salt content. As a result, the amount of water which used in Fayoum strictly limited. In fact, it is not due to the shortage of supply, but by a maximum drainage capacity. Until recently water-intensive crops such as rice and reeds grown only in small quantities.

Further details about Wadi El Rayan Fayou, Egypt:

Furthermore, no new land reclaimed without causing swamping of existing farmland near Qarun’s Lake. Hence, an ambitious project designed to overcome this problem begun in 1974. A watercourse, consisting of a 9 kilometers open channel and an 8 kilometers tunnel cut through the desert. It is from the western side of the Fayoum depression to the large and dry depression of Wadi El Rayan. Drainage water now flows to Wadi El Rayan, where the two large lakes formed. These two lakes will have a combined surface area of 30 000 Fidans. In fact, Wadi El Rayan indeed is famous for well its waterfalls.

The waterfalls occur due to the northern lake being higher than the southern one. As a result, the reed-clad channel link the two lakes. It ends in a row of falls that are a couple of meters high. Unfortunately, if one wishes to see the falls, he must hurry. In fact, it is because they shrink as the level of the lower lake continues to rise. The rising will be until the expanding surface area allows a certain rate of evaporation. In fact, the rate of evaporation will be equal to the amount of water flowing into it. The northern lake at Wadi El Rayan, Egypt has an outlet into the southern lake.

More details about Wadi El Rayan Fayou, Egypt:

Unfortunately there is no public transportation to Wadi El Rayan. You can take the road along the southern shore of Qarun’s Lake to its western end by car. In fact, the road to Wadi El Rayan, indeed is interesting with some amazing scenery. The turnoff to the left for Wadi El Rayan is 28 kilometers west of the Panorama Hotel. Really, it well marked by a large overhead sign. In fact, the road has an occasional twist and dogleg and heads south. In 8.5 kilometers one reaches the entrance gate to the Wadi El Rayan Protected area. The gate not always staffed, but one must buy a ticket here for one’s vehicle and each occupant.

After passing through the gate, you will find yourself in a clean wide open desert. In fact, the desert becomes more beautiful with sculpted yellow dunes. There is a desert track to the left which located 40 kilometers from the entrance gate. In fact, the track leads down to the waterfalls. Over there, you should park and continue by foot to the waterfalls and a couple of cafeterias. Along the way to the waterfalls, there are many of vendors. In fact, the vendors sell the same souvenirs as in Ain El Selini. The souvenirs are such as pottery, wood crafts and baskets of all kinds and sizes.

Further details about Wadi El Rayan Fayou, Egypt:

Wadi El Rayan waterfalls are 2 to 4 meters high. Moreover, there are many plants all around them. Furthermore, the waterfalls have attracted considerable attention among the local Egyptians. Many of Egyptian never seen waterfalls before. South from the waterfalls turnoff, there are better views of the southern lake and yellow dunes. You must be careful as water sometimes encroaches on the road. Seven kilometers farther, there is dramatic double crowned butte of Al Mudawara rock. In fact, it means rounded rock in Arabic language.

A small car park provided on the right and a path. The path leads down from here and then up to the saddle between the crowns. The view from the hills indeed is spectacular. In the south along the road, about 12.5 kilometers, there is a turnoff to the right. In fact, the road is for four wheel drives only. It leads through the desert to some sulfur springs. Another 11 kilometers down the road is a signpost to a Bird Watching Site. In fact, it is among the reeds on the lake shore. Wadi El Rayan become a major nesting ground for birds.

More details about Wadi El Rayan Fayou, Egypt:

Four kilometers farther, there is a set of textbook dunes up to 30 meters high. In fact, they called the “Seif Dunes” which mean “Sword Dunes” in Arabic. The road continues east from here through another 44 kilometers. There are occasional views to the north of the southern Fayoum basin. Finally one arrives at the Cairo – Asyut Desert highway. In fact, it is south of the Lahun gap and 92 kilometers from Wadi El Rayan entrance gate. Indeed, it is difficult to get to Wadi El Rayan, but it deserves the effort. The road from Qarun’s Lake is really spectacular. It consists of a thin black belt of tarmac snaking along the side of sand hills. In fact, it become a weekend picnic spot for locals from Cairo and other cities in Egypt.

Nearby attractions information, tours and online booking

More of Egypt Nature Exploration

More of Egypt

MORE
Wadi El Hitan Fayoum Egypt Whales Valley Egypt

Wadi El Hitan Fayoum Egypt

Wadi El Hitan Fayoum Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

Wadi El Hitan Fayoum or Wadi Al Hitan is an Arabic name which equivalent to Whales Valley in English. In fact, Wadi El Hitan is a pale ontological site situated in Fayoum, Egypt. It is about 150 km southwest of Cairo. Wadi El Hitan Fayoum designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in July 2005. The valley has hundreds of fossils of some of the earliest forms of whale and the archaeoceti. (a now extinct sub-order of whales). The site reveals evidence for the explanation of one of the greatest mysteries. In fact, it is about the whales evolution. The emergence of the whale as an ocean-going mammal from a previous life as a land-based animal.

Wadi El Hitan has indeed hure number of fossils. In fact, they are accessible and sit in an attractive and protected landscape. That is why, Wadi El Hitan added by UNESCO to the list of protected World Heritage sites. In fact, the fossils which found at Wadi El Hitan Fayoum are not the. However, they feature great concentration in the area. Moreover, the degree of their preservation is really amazing. Some stomach contents indeed are intact. Moreover, Wadi El Hitan Fayoum has fossils of other early animals such as sharks. Furthermore, the valley also has fossils of crocodiles, saw-fish, turtles and rays. The first fossil skeletons of whales discovered in the winter of 1902-3. For the next 80 years they attracted little interest. In fact, it was due to the difficulty of reaching the area.

Further details about Wadi El Hitan Fayoum:

In the 1980 interest in the site resumed as four wheel drive vehicles became more available. The remains display the typical streamlined body form of modern whales. They retain some of the primitive aspects of skull and tooth structure. The largest skeleton which found, reached up to 21 m in length. It is with well-developed five-fingered flippers on the forelimbs. The unexpected presence of hind legs, feet, and toes not known. Their form was serpentine and they were carnivorous. A few of these skeletal remains exposed but most shallowly buried in sediments. And then, slowly uncovered by erosion. In fact, Wadi El Hitan Fayoum provides evidences of millions of years of coastal marine life. Fossils are present in high numbers and often show excellent quality of preservation.

The most conspicuous fossils are the skeletons and bones of whales and sea cows. In fact, there are also several hundred fossils of these have which documented. The fossils of whales vary from single bones to entire skeletons. Many of partial skeletons are currently on display in the public part of the park. The two common whales are the large Basilosaurus, and the smaller (3 to 5 meter) Dorudon. At least two other species known from rarer remains. The whales have small hind limbs which not seen in modern whales. Moreover, they also have a powerful skull with teeth. In fact, they are like those of carnivorous land mammals. Other mammals represented by the skeletons of three species of sirenia or sea cows. Bones of the primitive elephant Moeritherium also recorded in Wadi El Hitan Fayoum.

More details about Wadi El Hitan Fayoum:

In fact, fossil reptiles represented by fossils of crocodiles and sea turtles. Furthermore, bones of sea snakes also recorded in Wadi El Hitan Fayoum. In fact, Wadi El Hitan Fayou has also many species of bony fish, sharks and rays. Larger fish fossils include the rostra and pegs of sawfish. A sawfish rostrum of 1.8 meters long laid out in the park. Fossil shells not common in the main whale-bearing rocks. In fact, they are common in other rocks. Moreover, many fallen rocks seen to be full of a wide variety of fossil shells. Disc-shaped nummulite fossils are common in places. A large log is also present in Wadi El Hitan park. In fact, the geology of Wadi El Hitan gives rise to the scenery. It is with wind and water erosion producing spectacular cliffs and buttes.

The rocks at Wadi El Hitan are all Middle to Late Eocene in age. Moreover, they comprise three main rock units. The Gehannam Formation comprises open marine mud stones. In fact, they are present on the flatter ground to the East of the public park. The rock unit which contains most of the whale fossils is the Birket Qarun Formation. This comprises yellowish open marine sandstone which form most of the cliffs and buttes. In fact, the monotony of these sandstone broken by a white layer. The layer full of well preserved animal burrows. A layer of black mud stone above that. When the cliffs of the Lake Qarun Formation followed to the East, they replaced by Gehannam. In fact, they replaced by mud stones formation indicating a change in water depth.

Further details about Wadi El Hitan Fayoum:

In fact, it was from shallower to deeper in that direction. The tops of the higher cliffs are within the Qasr El Sagha Formation. The formation comprises dark mud stones. It alternate with limestone full of shells and represents a lagoon environment. Wadi El Hitan is also the home to 15 species of desert plants and about 15 types of wild mammals. In fact, it include the north African jackal, red fox. and Egyptian mongoose. It also include African wildcat and Dorcas gazelle. Fennec foxes visit the camp site at night. Only about 1,000 visitors a year drive into Wadi El Hitan by 4WD. In fact, it is because the track unpaved.

Most of visitors to Wadi El Hitan are foreigners who usually camp in the valley on winter weekends. Wadi El Hitan is within the Wadi El Rayan which is also a Protected Area in Egypt. The same protection management plan restricts visitors. In fact, they restricted to prearrange guided tours along a prescribed trail. Sustainable tourism is the beginning to develop and grow in the area. The 4WD replaced by foot or camel treks. A part of Wadi El Hitan made into a tourist venue. That is why, walkways between the main fossils laid out and small shelters built. This public park now visited by tourist groups and a small camp site is present.

More details about Wadi El Hitan Fayoum:

The valley located behind a mountain, known as Garet Gohannam. In fact, Gara means hill or mountain and Garet Gohannam means the mountain of hell. In the light of the setting sun, the mountain seems ablaze with an eerie red light. The Egyptian government alleged that a pair of cars driven by Belgian diplomats entered a protected zone in this area. In fact, they and caused 325,000 US dollars worth of damage. It was in July 2007. The Belgium government said no damage caused by its diplomats. In fact, this issue remains unresolved.
[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row]

Nearby attractions information, tours and online booking

More of Egypt Nature Exploration

More of Egypt

MORE
Qarun Lake Fayoum Egypt

Qarun Lake Fayoum

Qarun Lake Fayoum information, tours, prices, booking

Qarun Lake also called Birket Qarun, Qaroun Lake and Moeris Lake. In fact, Qarun Lake is an ancient lake in the northwest of the Fayoum Oasis. It is 80 km (50 mile) southwest of Cairo, Egypt. The lake persists in modern times as a smaller lake called Birket Qarun. The lake’s surface is 43 m (140 feet ) below sea level. Moreover, it covers about 202 square kilometers (78 sq mile). Qarun Lake was freshwater in prehistory, but is today a saltwater lake. It is a source for tilapia and other fish from the local area. In fact, its area is between 1,270 km² (490 mi²) and 1,700 km² (656 mi²).

In fact, Mediterranean Sea was a hot dry hollow near the end of the Messinian Salinity Crisis. It was in the late Miocene. In that time, Fayoum was a dry hollow. Furthermore, the Nile flowed past it at the bottom of a canyon. After the Mediterranean re flooded, the Nile canyon became an arm of the sea. It reached inland further than Aswan. In fact, it was at the end of the Miocene. Over geological time that sea arm gradually filled with silt and became the Nile Valley.

Further details about Qarun Lake Fayoum:

Eventually, the Nile Valley bed silted up high enough. It was to let the Nile in flood overflow into the Fayoum hollow and make a lake in it. Qarun lake is first which recorded from about 3000 BC. In fact, it was around the time of Menes (Narmer). However, for the most part it only filled with high flood waters. In fact, the lake bordered by neolithic settlements. The town of Crocodilopolis grew up on the south where the higher ground created a ridge. In 2300 BC, the waterway from the Nile to the natural lake widened and. Furthermore, it deepened to make a canal which now known as the Bahr Yussef. This project started by Amenemhat III, or perhaps by his father Senusret III.

In fact, this canal fed into the lake. It was to serve three purposes. The first one was to control the flooding of the Nile. The second purpose was to regulate the water level of the Nile during dry seasons. The last one was to serve the surrounding area with irrigation. The ancient Egyptian pharaohs of the twelfth dynasty used the natural lake of as a reservoir. It was to store surpluses of water for use during the dry periods. The immense waterworks undertaken by the ancient Egyptian pharaohs of the twelfth dynasty. It was to transform the lake into a huge water reservoir. In fact, it gave the impression that the lake was an artificial excavation. This reported by classic geographers and travelers. The lake eventually abandoned due to the nearest branch of the Nile shrinking from 230 BC.

Nearby attractions Information, tours and Online Booking

More of Egypt Nature Exploration

More of Egypt attractions

MORE
error: Copyright © www.etltravel.com !