Activities in Alexandria

Ashtum El Gamil National Park

Ashtum El Gamil National Park Egypt

Information about Ashtum El Gamil National Park, tours, Booking

Ashtum El Gamil National Park is a protected area in Tennis Island, Manzala Lake. In fact, Manzala Lake lies on the Mediterranean coast. It is in the north eastern part of the Nile Delta in Egypt. Moreover,  Ashtum El Gamil National Park belongs to Port Said Governor-ate. The area of Ashtum El Gamil National Park is about 180 km 2. It includes the Strait of El Gamil and the Strait of El Gamil. They link the lake with Mediterranean Sea. Moreover, they also renew the water circulation inside the lake. They increase the stock of fish and prevent concentration of heavy elements. Ashtum El Gamil National Park occupies two-thirds of aquatic ecosystem of Manzala Lake.

In fact, Tennis Island archaeological dates back to the Ayyubid which makes it one of tourist attraction. Ashtum El Gamil National Park lies in the face of the conduct of bird migration lines in the immigration seasons. Tel Tennis archaeological site is an habitat for rest, food and reproduction for all types of resident and migratory birds. Prevalence and diversity of vegetation within the reserve ecosystems (ecosystem Ground – water – salt-loving).

Location:

Ashtum EL Gamil located in the west of Port Said. The line parallel to the coastal road of Port Said Damietta. It is in the beginning of Kilo 6 to the km 13. And then veers into the lake by the coordinates even up to Albstehr Sea on the south side. Ashtum El Gamil lies in the northwestern part of Manzala Lake. It’s area is 172 km2.

Getting there:

It lies about 13 km west of Port Said city. Moreover, you can get to the visitors center of Ashtum El Gamil bay taking Port Said – Demiat Road. The center located at KM 10.

Access to the protected area:

In fact, there is no charge to enter the protected and protected open for visitors

Targets of creation Ashtum El Gamil:

1. The conservation of Manzala Lake biodiversity.

2. Maintenance of ecological and environmental systems protected area of Lake Manzala.

3. The conservation of Birds groups. These which threatened with extinction. Both resident and migrating to the lake during migration seasons.

4. Preservation of fish stocks in Manzala Lake, especially the excellent marine species.

5. Maintain the medicinal plants and the development of sound it uses.

6. Preservation of Islamic monuments and tennis area, which dates back to the Ayyubid era.

7. Promote environmental awareness among all constituencies.

Archaeological character:

In fact, Tel Tennis located to the southwest of Port Said. It is 7 km inside Manzala Lake. Its area is about 8 km2. This area was agricultural land fertile and be perfectly tender. Furthermore, it dropped its territory in the wake of an earthquake occurred in the late sixth century. The water broke into the sand dunes that separated between the sea and the land. It took water covered year after year. So the region flooded except for the city of Tennis. It was a great building full of quarters, widening trade and livelihood. Moreover, it renowned industry minute and cultivated with palm trees and vines and textiles. It was named Tennis relative to the Tennis Bin Ham the son of Noah

Ashtum El Gamil National Park Attractions:

Tel Tennis Archaeological:

It includes the monuments of the Tennis town dating to the sixth century AD. Moreover, it located in the south to Ashtum EL Gamil. It is one of the attractions of the resident and migratory birds

Water sources in Manzala Lake:

Saltwater water sources saltwater comes from El Gamil And Ashtum Straits. And one more from Al Boughdady Strait which located in north of the lake. One more from Al Borg Strait which located in the northwest of the lake. The last one is from Suze canal which provides the lake with 1.5 % of the water. Fresh Water sources come from banks located in the south and west of the lake. They are Bahr El Bakar bank, El Serrw bank, Ramses Bank, Hados Bank and El Annaneyya Bank. They provide the lake with 97% of the water. The rest comes from the rain. Manzala Lake depth ranging between 80 cm and 300 cm near Al boaquez.

Ashtum El Gamil environment:

In fact, the weather is dry. The temperatures ranges between 27.7 Celsius during the summer and 15.3 Celsius during winter. The relative humidity is almost of no less than 60%. A higher moisture registered 73.9% during April and lower relative humidity of 59.3% in March. The average rainfall in the year is 68.84 mm / year. It considered the highest rainfall rate is 24.64% in October. The prevailing winds are north-west. Moreover, the high winds ranging between 14.7 km / h in January and 19 km / h in February.

Ashtum El Gamil Biodiversity:

It has 80 species of productive organisms

1. Birds:

In fact, Ashtum El Gamil is one of the most important area for bird watching in Egypt. Moreover, it has about 233 species of birds. Some of them are residents such as Pied Kingfisher, Agd doves and Little Egret. Furthermore, the others are Immigrant such as ducks, white anxiety, quail, Alger and wading birds.

2. Plant:

Ashtum El Gamil has more than 50 species of plants

3. Fish

In fact, Manzal Lake indeed is one of the most important sources of fish in Egypt. Moreover, it is a main source of fish that live in the freshwater. Fish are such as White and Green Tilapia. Besides to the fish that live in salt water such as thin lip – and mullet

The direct economic importance of Ashtum El Gamil National Park:

Ashtum El Gemil National Park is indeed important for agriculture, medicine, industry and the environment.

In the field of agriculture:

· Wild plants represent a source of food, both for birds, fish and animals within the reserve.

· The advantage of existing genetic material inside the wild plants. It used in the improvement of some agricultural crops strains

· Some wild plants such as Azolla plant used in plant nitrogen fixation. This also leads to reduced use of chemical fertilizers.

In the field of medicine:

In fact, some wild plants such as leaf rode used to produce drugs. The drugs help in the treatment of many diseases. In fact, this planet used as a remedy repellent intestinal worms (Ascaris) and also powerful purgative. There is also wild hibiscus plant. Moreover, it used in the treatment of gastroenteritis and anemia. Furthermore, it also used to treat sore throat and tonsils. Murar Plant used in the treatment of bleeding, a diuretic and anthelmintic.

In the field of industry:

· Most of the locals use some types of plants in handicrafts such as mat and Almhnat

· Some of these plants intervention in the paper industry and production of natural gas.

In the field of the environment: –

· Some plants used in Sewage treatment, industrial and agricultural. It called biological therapy

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Nelson's Island Alexandria Egypt

Nelson’s Island Alexandria Egypt

Nelson’s Island Alexandria Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

Nelson’s Island lies approximately 20 kilometers east of the Egyptian port of Alexandria. In fact, Nelson’s Island is four kilometers north of Cape Abu Qir. Moreover, it guards the northern approach of Abu Qir Bay. Abu qir bay is the western part of the Nile Delta. In antiquity, the Bay provided one of the primary commercial routes. In fact, it leads into the Nile River and so became a major commercial and religious center. The position of Nelson’s Island ensured that it too became an important site. Dr. Gallo’s excavations that commenced in 1997 are beginning to reveal its archaeological riches.

Nelson’s Island is quite small extending around 350 meters on a rough north south axis. Moreover, Nelson’s Island is about 125 meters at its widest point (the southern end). But as Dr. Gallo points out ‘it is small for an island but big for an archaeological site!’. The island littered with potsherds and the faint outline of walls and structures. Moreover, in antiquity the island was larger than today. Erosion and heavy quarrying of yellow sandstone played their part. Their part was in reducing the size of the island.

Further details about Nelson’s Island Alexandria:

In October 2001 The Nelson Society contacted by Dr. Paolo Gallo. He is a Professor of Egyptology at the University of Torino (Turin). Furthermore, he also is Director of the Italian Archaeological Institute. The institute based at Alexandria, Egypt. Dr. Gallo’s exciting news was that during excavations of ancient structures on Nelson’s Island. he discovered some artifacts, graffiti and burials. He believed that they related to the British occupation of the island. They are from shortly after the Battle of the Nile. In fact, it was in August 1798 to Keith’s and Abercrombie’s landings in March 1801.

Dr. Gallo concerned that these burials were under direct threat from erosion. Both from the subsidence of the island and general weathering, as well as from human action. Nelson’s Island became a local picnicking and fishing site. Dr. Gallo was anxious that these graves would shortly lost. That learnt from them if nothing done to excavate and to re bury them.

More details about Nelson’s Island Alexandria:

Nick Slope was Vice Chairman of The Nelson Society. He visited Alexandria and Nelson’s Island in April 2002. It decided to support Dr. Gallo’s excavation as much as was possible. A plan and budget prepared and put. The action plan and budget approved. The fund raising, detailed planning and background research commenced. Unfortunately Dr. Gallo fell ill in September 2002.

The excavation delayed by some weeks while he recovered. In fact, the excavation now underway and Nick Slope joined the dig on 20 October 2002. This is to excavate and record those burials under threat. Artifact evidence study, record and publish the graffiti were under the direction of Dr. Gallo. They decided that to keep The Nelson Society membership and anyone else who interested up to date.

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Abu Qir Sunken Cities Alexandria Egypt

Abu Qir Sunken cities Alexandria Egypt

information about Abu Qir Sunken cities, tours, Booking

Abu Qir Sunken cities in Alexandria is one of the awesome destination for divers from worldwide. In fact, Abu Qir sunken cities lies in Abu Qir in Alexandria. Abu Qir is the Northwest of Alexandria. Over there, the archaeologists explored the sunken cities of Heracleion and Canopus in 1992. Heracleion, also known as Thonis, was an ancient Egyptian city near Alexandria. Its ruins located in Abu Qir Bay, currently 2.5 km off the coast, under 10 m (30 ft) of water. Its legendary beginnings goes back to the 12th century BC. It mentioned by ancient Greek historians. Its importance grew particularly during the waning days of the Pharaohs. It was Egypt’s main port for international trade and collection of taxes.

Heracleion originally built on some adjoining islands in the Nile Delta. It intersected by canals. Moreover, it possessed many harbors and anchorages. It was the sister city of Naucratis which superseded by Alexandria. Furthermore, it believed that Paris and Helen of Troy stranded in Abu Qir Sunken cities. It was on their flight from the jealous Menelaus. This was before the Trojan war began. Menelaus and Helen had stayed there, accommodated by the noble Egyptian Thon and Polydamna. Also, it believed that Heracles himself visited the city and the city gained its name from him. Abu Qir Sunken cities had a large temple of Khonsou, son of Amun, who known to the Greeks as Herakles.

Further details about about Abu Qir Sunken cities:

Later, the worship of Amun became more prominent. Heracleion flourished especially from the 6th to the 4th century BC. It revealed by many archaeological finds. Pharaoh Nectanebo I made many additions to the temple in the 4th century B.C. The city sank in the 3rd or 2nd century AD. Probably due to liquefaction of the silts on which it built following earth tremors. The ruins submerged in the sea where located by the French underwater archaeologist Franck Goddio in 2000. Until then, the scholars were not sure if Heracleion and Thonis were in fact one and same city. Besides being a prominent religious center, the city of Heracleion was the main trading point on the Mediterranean.

This was in the 6th century. When they started diving this site, archaeologists discovered ruins of the temple of Heracleion which. It dedicated to Amun and Heracles-Khonsu. They also found giant statues of gods, Ptolemaic kings and their consorts. They found also pottery, jeweler, and many wrecked wooden ships. Abu Qir sunken cities include also Canopus. Canopus was the site where the goddess Isis believed to have found the last part of Osiris’s savaged body. Ancient Egyptians believed that Osiris murdered by his jealous brother Seth. He scattered the dismembered parts of his body all over Egypt.

More details about about Abu Qir Sunken cities:

According to Egyptian mythology, Isis succeeded in finding the scattered pieces and placed them in a vase which. The vase kept at Canopus. Abu Qir sunken cities has hundreds of Graeco-roman amphorae. Abu Qir Sunken cities attests the extensive trade connections between Egypt and the Roman Empire. Alexandria and numerous NGOs in cooperation with UNESCO are working Abu Qir sunken cities to build an underwater museum. This to showcase the artifacts to the public. Archaeological dives to the site of Abu Qir sunken cities arranged through the Montaza Diving center in Alexandria.

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Alexandria Fishing

Alexandria Fishing Egypt

Information about Alexandria Fishing, tours, Booking

Alexandria fishing is one of the most interesting practice and sport for all people and tourists as well. In fact, on the eastern side of the coast, lies the bustling town of Alexandria. Alexandria’s sea front lined with fish restaurants, fishermen and boats bringing in the day’s catch. In fact, Alexandrian fishermen favorite spot is Abu Qir’s Fishing harbor. Abu Qir is a once small fishermen village, located in the north of Alexandria. There you can fish, swim and sunbathe before feasting over some really fresh Sea food.

Grilled fish is the signature experience for all visitors to Egypt’s beautiful northern coast. Alexandria coastline will give you the chance to catch Murgan (Gray Mullet) and Barbuni (Red Mullet). Moreover, it also will let you catch 525 km of azure. These waters and are also teeming with Sea Bass, Red Smelt, Bluefish and Sole. On the eastern side of the coast, lies the bustling town of Alexandria. Alexandria’s sea front lined with fish restaurants. Furthermore, it also does with fishermen and boats bringing in the day’s catch.

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Wadi El Natrun

Wadi El Natrun Egypt

Wadi El Natrun Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

Wadi El Natrun is a northwest oriented desert depression. Moreover, Wadi El Natrun located about 60 km in the Western Desert near the delta. Wadi El Natrun lies some 23 m below sea level. The lakes fed from the water table of the Nile dot the landscape. Wadi El Natrun also known as area for bird watching. Furthermore, Wadi El Natrun contains a series of nine small lakes. Its total area 200 km, scattered along its general axis. Juncus and Cyperus dominate the wet salt marshes on the waterlogged eastern shores. This creates one of the most characteristic and attractive habitats for water birds.

The history of the Wadi El Natrun and its importance to Coptic Christians, dates back to the 4th century AC. Christianity reached the area with St. Macarius the Great who retreated there in 330 AC. At that time, the monastic life not yet developed. During this period, holy men were hermits, living outside social structures. The reputation of St. Macarius attracted followers and they built cells nearby. They began a loose confederation of monastic communities. Many of these early settlers from Nitria, followed the Christian hermit lifestyle. Hence, Scetis was less a place of innovation than a locus of consolidation.

Further details about Wadi El Natrun:

In fact, monasticism developed a form of semi anchoritism there. Moreover, hermits lived in cells or caves comprising two or more rooms, one of which functioned as an oratory. A new monk apprenticed himself to an experienced desert father and became his disciple. Monks earned their living by plying crafts, especially basketry and rope making. On Saturday and Sunday the monks go to the church to celebrate Mass. Sometimes they take a Sunday meal in common. In end of the fourth century the of Christian settlers became four monastic communities. They were the monasteries of (old) Baramus, Macarius, Bishoi and John the Little.

Furthermore, the monasteries were collections of individual cells and dwellings which centered on specific churches. They developed into enclosures with walls and watchtowers for protection. That was because, like Nitria and Kellia, Scetis was at times subject to raids from desert nomads. The nomads of the Libyan desert sacked and destroyed the monasteries of Wadi El Naturn in 407, 434 and 444. Indeed, raids at the end of the sixth century almost depopulated the area. The monks built towers to live in. In the ninth century, they erected walls to fortify their monasteries. Many of monks were living outside the walls of the enclosed monasteries. Later on, the monks began to leave their scattered cells to live in the fortified monasteries.

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In fact, in the fourteenth century, monastic life became more cenobitic. That was because the monks went to the enclosure walls for protection. The plague decimated many residents in the monastery during the Middle Ages. The organizations of monks grew up and forced to be together by common needs. Each of the monasteries had a council. One of the council’s responsibilities was to communicate with the external world. The council was also responsible for keeping the general discipline in the monastery. Because of a poll tax on the monks from 705 onward, monasticism began to decline.

Nowadays, four active Monasteries remain at Wadi El Natrun. They are Baramous monastery, St. Bishoi Monastery, St. Makarius monastery and Suryan monastery. The monasteries welcome visitors, irregardless of their faith. The monks are in general friendly. Usually, most of the areas within the monasteries can visited. There is no problem taking photographs most anywhere, including inside the ancient churches. Wadi Naturn is a quick, easy journey from Cairo.

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Suryan Monastery Wadi El Natrun

Suryan Monastery Egypt

Suryan Monastery Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

Suryan monastery is one of the four monasteries which well known in Wadi El Natrun, Egypt. In fact, it also know as Syrian monastery, Al Sourian monastery and Deir al-Sorian. The monastery founded in the sixth century, though some might date it later. Moreover, it is about five hundred meters northwest of St. Bishoi monastery. In 550 there was approach to Julianist which owes its name to its principal exponent Julian. He was a theologian and bishop of Halicarnassus (Halicarnarsus) in Ionia. Furthermore, he also called Aphtartodocetism. Julian exiled to Egypt. He defined the doctrine of the incorruptibility of Christ’s body. Julianist is believing in an extreme view. It is that the body of the Jesus Christ was incapable of corruption. They held that Christ’s body united with the Holy Father.

Christ took human flesh which prevented him from being ideal. Thus, the Orthodox Church reaffirmed and clarified the idea of the real human nature of Christ. The majority of the monks became followers of Aphtartodocetism. Others who refused the doctrine obtained permission from the governor Aristomachus. It was to erect new churches and Monasteries. So, they could settle apart from the Julianists. In fact, Suryan Monastery established by those of St. Bishoi monastery who were against Julianist doctrines. The problems between the Orthodox Christians and the Julianists died out. It was in the beginning of the eighth century. And then, there was no longer any necessity to maintain two distinct Monasteries.

Further details about Deir al-Sourian Egypt:

They settled in Al Fustat in Old Cairo. Acertain Marutha from Takrit in eastern Syria converted it for use by Syrian monks. Moreover, they renamed it the Monastery of the Holy Virgin of the Suryan. Some manuscripts refer to it as the Monastery of the Mother of God of the Suryan at that point. In fact, there were Syrian monks at Wadi El Natrun since the end of the fourth century. They were living among the other monks. Perhaps, the Syrian wished to live in a monastic community. It would be ethnically and culturally homogeneous. All Monasteries in the Wadi El Natrun subjected to horrible attacks by desert tribes.

Berbers in 817 AD was particularly disastrous to Suryan Monastery. In 850, it rebuilt thanks primarily to the persistent labor of two monks, Matthew and Abraham. Moses of Nisibis (c. 907-943 AD) traveled to Syria and Mesopotamia in search of manuscripts. Moreover, he spent three years gathering material. He returned to Egypt bringing with him 250 Syrian manuscripts. Suryan monastery became an a prosperous and important facility. In fact, it has many artistic treasures and a library rich in Syrian texts. Suryan monastery became a fundamental source of history and culture of Syria.

More details about El Suryan monastery Egypt:

El Suryan Monastery walls enclose an unusual plan. It is in relationship to others in the Wadi El Natrun. They are form an almost rectangular quadrilateral. Moreover, they are with the short sides measuring 36 meters at one end and 54 meters at the other. The two longer sides measure some 160 meters. Furthermore, the height of the walls varies between nine and a half and eleven and a half meters. The monks explain this abnormal plan in an unlikely way. According to them, the monastery built on a model of Noah’s ark. These walls most likely date to the end of the ninth century. The entrance to the El Suryan monastery located at the west end of the northern side of this enclosure wall. The mammoth keep (qasr) situated west of the north entrance to Syrian monastery.

We believe it built in the middle of the ninth century. At any rate it built after the enclosure walls. In fact, it belongs to a less well developed type of tower. It is of which the oldest examples may found at Kellia. It consists of four stories, with access granted by a wooden drawbridge to the second floor. The bottom floor used for storage of food supplied. It also was for the production of flour, oil and wine to assure supplies during a siege. To further insure the complete autonomy during times of trouble, there was also a water well. The second floor used to house the precious library of manuscripts. They that surrendered. Some of the niches that once held the manuscripts are still visible. The third story consists of a corridor with four vaulted rooms to one side and two on the other.

Further details about Suryan Monastery Egypt:

Moreover, the fourth floor of the keep reserved as a chapel dedicated to the Archangel Michael. Here, one finds a nave and a choir separated by the traditional wooden screen. The sanctuary surmounted by a brick cupola supported by four pendentives. Furthermore, the Church of the Holy Virgin inside Suryan monastery is ancient. It dates back to 645 (though some references date it as about 950 AD). It constructed in the basilica style with a wooden roof.

This church has an entrance on its north side through a court. The court is square and surmounted by a cupola. Moreover, it opens into the monastery courtyard. The main building of church divided between the nave, the khurus and the triple sanctuary. The nave completely roofed with a barrel vault and flanked by two small side aisles. Furthermore, there is a masonry balustrade somewhat over one meter in height. It divides the nave into two sections.

The Chapel of the Forty Nine Martyrs in Suryan Monastery Egypt:

Attached to the north side of the Church of the Holy Virgin is the Chapel of the Forty Nine Martyrs. Moses of Nisibis was also responsible for this building. It entered through the court at the north entrance of this church. Moreover, in 444, forty nine martyrs massacred during a bloody raid. It was by the Berbers who plundered the Monasteries of Wadi El Natrun. In fact, it is to them that the chapel dedicated. Buried within the chapel is Anba Christodulus. He was the abun of Ethiopia at the beginning of the seventeenth century. Recent restorations have also revealed ancient paintings in this chapel.

In fact, the eastern wall of the sanctuary has three niches. They surrounded by the rich, decorative stucco work. It is like to that one in the central sanctuary of the Church of the Holy Virgin, revealed several scenes. In the central niche is a scene of the Holy Virgin holding Christ before her. The niche to the right adorned by a standing figure. It is with a Syriac inscription identifying him as “St. Mark the Evangelist”. Though the figure in the left niche not identified by text, he might be the Patriarch Athanasius. A similar composition found in the old Church of St. Antony (monastery) at the Red Sea. These paintings are newer than the tenth century stucco decorations that surround them. Dedicated to the Holy Virgin, this structure dates back to the ninth century.

Further details about Suryan Monastery Egypt:

It also made up of a naos, khurus and triple sanctuary. They maybe built in the fourteenth or fifteenth century. Moreover, the nave entered through a portico on the south side. The entrance level is three steps lower than the present grounds of Suryan monastery courtyard. There are three more steps that connect this portico with the nave of the church. Contrary to other Coptic Churches, the nave is transverse in relationship to the main east west axis. This is a characteristic feature of Churches in Mesopotamia.

In fact, it has a barrel vaulted roof. It divided into three bays by arches resting on consoles, another Mesopotamian feature. In the west end within the floor the marble laggan (also called a lakan). There is a central large door and two smaller side doors that lead into the choir. The central door is of inlaid woodwork and dated back to the fourteenth or fifteenth centuries. The choir is also rectangular and transverse in relation to the principal axis. It likewise has a barrel vaulted roof which divided into three parts. The iconostasis is screen separating the choir from the sanctuary. It made of dark, inlaid wood and dates from the fifteenth century.

The Church of St. Honnos and Marutha in Suryan Monastery:

This church, which no longer in use, attached to the east wall of the Church of St. Mary. It dates back to the beginning of the fifteenth century. In this period, the monks from the ruined monastery of St. John Kama took refuge in this monastery. St. John Kama, who’s remains transferred here, associated with this monastery. Saint John Kama was a native of Jebromounonson (Shubra Manethou) in the district of Sais. At an early age he forced into marriage. He persuaded his wife to consent to a life of virginity. Furthermore, he permit him to live the life of a monk. He inspired by a vision to enter the Wadi El Natrun. It is where he became a disciple of Saint Teroti. He inhabited a cell in the vicinity of the Monastery of Saint Macarius.

The Church of St. John the Little in Suryan Monastery:

In fact, the ruins of the Church dedicated to St. John the Little. They stand in the northeast corner of the monastery enclosure wall. Ethiopian monks occupied this church after their own monastery had fallen into ruins. Moreover, Ethiopian monks lived in the monastic communities of Scetis in the twelfth century. At one time occupied a monastery dedicated to St. Elisha. After the monastery fell into ruins, they received by the monks of Holy Virgin of St. John the Little monastery. Furthermore, the monastery also abandoned because of its precarious state. Few remaining Ethiopian monks then welcomed by the monks in Suryan monastery.

The Refectory at Suryan Monastery Egypt:

West of the Church of the Holy Virgin is the ancient refectory, which is no longer in use. It is rectangular with a masonry table running down its axis. This table flanked by chairs that are also of masonry. The room roofed with a vast cupola in which small windows opened to admit illumination. Near the east wall of the refectory is a large stone pulpit. It is from which the sacred texts raid and the saints’ lives revealed during the common meal. Above Suryan monastery grounds are, of course, other buildings of various uses.

The cells of the monks and gardens occupy the eastern and southern parts of Suryan monastery grounds. A water tower built between 1955 and 1956 in the eastern part of Suryan monastery. It now provides it with running water. A guest house including a library and museum built by Qummus Maksimus Salib in 1914. It replaced during the 1960s with extra cells, a special library building and a museum. Today, this library contains over three thousand volumes including several hundred valuable manuscripts.

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Saint Macarius Monastery Wadi El Natrun

Saint Macarius Monastery

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Saint Macarius Monastery is the first monastery built in Wadi El Natrun. In fact, it also called Abu Makar Monastery. Byzantine rulers mandated that the Coptic Patriarchs no longer live in Alexandria. It was in the 6th century. That is why Saint Macarius Monastery acquired a new importance as the seat of the Coptic church. It remained an important monastery throughout the ages. St. Macarius lived as a hermit monk in a cave for over forty years. He received a divine revelation in the form of a dream to build a church. When he died in 390, he buried in his beloved cave. His monks remained and the cell where he buried became the center of the monastery. His relics kept as treasures and still remain.

In fact, the monastery became a memorial to him so that people might not forget his story, devotion and piety. A team from Leiden University in the Netherlands excavating this site since 1995. It seems they may end up providing an analysis. Moreover, the analysis of how a loose group of hermits might have evolved into a monastic society. In fact, Saint Macarius Monastery began as an open, informal structure more like a village. Moreover, there was a church and a keep (tower). Most of the present Saint Macarius monastery rebuilt by Patriarch Shanudah (859-81). It was after attacked and destroyed for the third time by Berbers in 866. By the end of that century, the tower’s outer walls reinforced.

Further details about Saint Macarius Monastery:

In fact, most of the settlement surrounded by an outer defensive wall. It giving it the real appearance of a monastery. This wall may have encouraged hermit monks to live within, resulting in a true monastery. Moreover, the palace of Saint Macarius Monastery is a three story building. It accessed by a drawbridge at its first story level. There are mills, storeroom sand a well on the ground floor. The Chapel Virgin Mary is on the first floor. It has three alters (sanctuaries) of about 13th century origin. The second story has three churches. They are church of the Angle Michael to the North and the Church of St. Anthony, Paul & Pachomius. In the southernmost, there is the church of the Travelers (Al Sawwah)

In fact, much of the Church of St. Macarius destroyed in 1930, but there remains two alters dating to 830. St. Macarius and St. John the Short, among a few other saints buried there. There is a small church of St. Iskhirun of Killin with three alters and two alters which used for storage. Furthermore, there is also a church of the Forty-Nine Martyrs which used during fasts and the Feast of Nativity. In the church of Anba Makar there are icons of the three St. Macarii, which is the oldest icon in the monastery.

More details about Saint Macarius Monastery:

Saint Macarius monastery is indeed the richest in the Wadi El Natrun. There is a coffin in the church of Abu Makar. It contains the relics of sixteen patriarchs of the Coptic church. Moreover, there is also the relics of the forty nine martyers whom killed by the Berbers. In fact, they buried in the church of the Elders. Relics also include those of the three Macarii. They are St. Macarius the Great, St. Macarius the Alexandrian and the Martyr saint Macarius. The last one was the Bishop of Edfu. Moreover, other relics include those of St. IIaria, the daughter of King Zenun. She disguised herself as a man to be a monk in the monastery. And finally there are the relics of St. John the Little (St. John Colobos or Anba Yoanis the Short).

Ancient icons within the monastery are the following:

Anba Makar the Great, the Egyptian carrying the cross. It is as a symbol of his perseverance, honesty and self mortification.

Anba Makar the Alexandrian carrying a ladder (as a symbol of his zeal to get virtues step by step).

Anba Makar the bishop of Edfu carrying a small lamb between his arms. He also was a Priest and martyr whom brought to slaughter. Moreover, he also painted with white clothes.

St. Yehnis the Short was the spiritual son of Anba Makar. He was of the second generation, and his monastery was 15 km south west of Saint Macarius monastery. His relics transferred to monastery of Saint Macarius Monastery when his monastery ruined.

It was the usual habit after a patriarch elected and consecrated to the See of St. Mark in Alexandria. It is that he would ordained and sanctified in this monastery. Many patriarchs ordained in this monastery and many of them buried here. In fact, Saint Macarius monastery seen west from the Cairo – Alexandria desert highway. Moreover, it is at about 129 Km. to Alexandria or 86 to Cairo.

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Saint Bishoy Monastery Wadi El Natrun Egypt

Saint Bishoy Monastery

Saint Bishoy Monastery information, tours, prices, booking

Saint Bishoy Monastery is the most famous Coptic Orthodox monastery named after Saint Bishoy. Moreover, it located in Wadi El Natrun. It is the easternmost monastery among the four current monasteries of the Nitrian Desert. The monastery founded by St. Bishoy in the fourth century. On 13 December 841 Pope Joseph I fulfilled the desire of Saint Bishoy. He moved his body as well as that of Saint Paul of Tammah to this monastery. Up to that date, the two saints bodies were at the monastery of Saint Bishoy at Deir El Barsha. Today, the two bodies lie in the main church of Saint Bishoy Monastery.

Saint Bishoy monastery contains the relics of Saint Bishoy, Saint Paul of Tammah. It is besides to the relics of other saints. The body of Saint Bishoy remains in in-corruption until the present time. Pope Shenouda III also interred there. Saint Bishoy monastery has five Churches. The main one named after Saint Bishoy. The other Churches named after the Virgin Mary, Saint Iskhiron. They also named after Saint George and Archangel Michael. The monastery surrounded by a keep. It built in the fifth century AD to protect the monastery against the attacks of the Berbers. An initial castle built early in the twentieth century.

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Later, it replaced by a four-storied castle built by Pope Shenouda III. Besides, the monastery contains a well known as the Well of the Martyrs. Berbers washed their swords in this well after killing the Forty Nine Elder Martyrs of Scetes. They threw the bodies of the martyrs in the well. Christians buried the bodies in the nearby Monastery of St. Macarius the Great. Under the reposed Pope Shenouda III, the Monastery of Saint Bishoy began to expand. It was with new land around the monastery which purchased and developed. Cattle breeding, and poultry dairy facilities also developed. Ancient buildings and churches also restored.

Cells for monks, retreat houses, a house for the Coptic Pope built. Annexes for a reception area, an auditorium, conference rooms, fences and gates also built. Pope Shenouda buried here after his death in March 2012. You can sit in the garden of Saint Bishoy monastery. Moreover, you can wander around the new cathedral. You can watch the resident monks go about their daily chores. You can also enjoy lovely views of the desert from its rooftop. Please dress while visiting the Coptic monasteries. Wadi El Natrun located 100 km northwest of Cairo in the Western Desert. The only way to get there is by car or by bus. West Delta Buses leave every hour from the Heliopolis station.

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Alexandria Sporting Club

Alexandria Sporting Club Egypt

Information about Alexandria Sporting Club, tours, Booking

Alexandria Sporting Club built in 1890 and is one of the oldest clubs in Egypt. In fact, in 1952, it taken over by the Egyptian government and converted to a national club. The Sporting Club managed by Mahmoud Hamdy, the chairman of the club. 97% of the club area occupied by a Golf course. Those with annual memberships, tourists or those who pay a daily entrance fee can play Golf. Summer memberships are also available.

Alexandria Sporting Club also has three swimming pools, tennis courts and equestrian area. Moreover, The Sporting Club has also basketball courts and football field. Moreover, it also has squash courts and many other facilities. Alexandria Sporting Club is one of the oldest Golf courses in Egypt. The colonial architecture of the club is a reminder of its glorious past. A camel and horse track still run around the course. Its fairways lined by huge trees, giving enough shade in a warm summer day. Course specifications include 18 holes, par 70 and 5965 yards. The Facilities include Pro shop, caddies, trolleys and club rental.

Alexandria Sporting Club Contact:

Tel: +20 12-1287126
email: [email protected]

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Alexandria Sporting Club is near to Stanley Bridge. In fact, the Bridge is a 400 meter-long proudly standing Egyptian modern monument. If you decided to walk along the corniche, you will see old men playing backgammon. Moreover, you will see also youngster enjoying night skyline from the nearby cafe. See the harbor, Stanley Beach down below and the elegant towers of the bridge. There are plenty of local and international cafes in the area. Try to visit this spot on a summer evening. In fact, in summer the sky is clear and the sunset is more inspiring than ever. A perfect point to take great pictures of the whole Alexandrian seafront.

Alexandria Sporting Club also near to Saint Mark Coptic Orthodox Cathedral. The cathedral is the historical seat of the Pope of Alexandria.  the head of the Coptic Orthodox Church. Saint Mark Coptic Orthodox Cathedral Alexandria stands on the site of the church founded by St. Mark the Evangelist in AD 60. Alexandria Sporting Club also near to Alexandria National Museum. The museum considered one of Egypt’s finest museums. Alexandria National Museum inaugurated by Previous President Hosni Mubarak on December 2003. The National Museum located in a restored palace. Moreover, contains about 1,800 artifacts. In fact, the artifacts narrate the history of Alexandria throughout the ages. They are including the Pharaonic, Roman, Coptic and Islamic eras.

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Planetarium Science Center Alexandria

Planetarium Science Center Alexandria

Planetarium Science Center Alexandria information, tours, prices, booking

Planetarium Science Center Alexandria (El Kobba El Samaweya) is a recent 21-st century project. It located within the Bibliotheca Alexandrina (Alexandria Library). In fact, Planetarium Science Center dedicated to the development of culture, curiosity and passion for science. Planetarium Science Center divided into 3 sections. In fact, they are the Planetarium, the History of Science Museum, and the “ALEXploratorium”. Planetarium Science Center Alexandria is a dome-like 3D projection room. Moreover, it is where one can feel as if flying through space. Visitors offered a daily fascinating and detailed live-like presentation. The presentation is of the universe’s evolution in time. It all gets even better when the show’s hosted by one of the center’s resident astronomers.

Planetarium Science Center Alexandria (PSC) is indeed an ideal place to enjoy a day of fun learning. It is an independent non-profit educational foundation. Moreover, it dedicates to increasing the public’s awareness and interest. It also dedicates understanding of science and technology through entertainment. Planetarium Science Center Alexandria launched the FIRST LEGO League (FLL) in Egypt in 2006. The Science Festivity was in 2008.

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In fact, in 2008, the PSC launched the Electronic Resource Center’s website. It produced the new planetarium show Sky of Alexandria. Moreover, it was the first of its kind to produced entirely in Africa and the Middle East. In 2010, in collaboration with the PSC, CULTNAT produced Astronomical Myths. It the first Egyptian full-dome movie for planetarium display. In 2009, the PSC won two silver medals. It was at the International Environmental Project Olympiad (INEPO). It held in Istanbul, Turkey. In the same year, the PSC won many awards at the Intel Science Competition in the Arab World (ISC Arab).

The BA received the Judges Award for Best Robot Design and Best Solution. It was at the FIRST LEGO League (FLL) World Festival held in 2008 and 2009 in the USA. PSC participants won many prizes at the Arab Intel 2010 Competition. The Center fulfills its goals by encouraging curiosity, imagination, and creativity. It is through a large number of diverse activities. They presented by three sections. Each of which approaches science in a different manner. It is unconventional to the Egyptian community:

The Planetarium:

It is a member of the International Planetarium Society (IPS). It is a cutting edge facility featuring state-of-the-art projection technology. The Planetarium aims to help establish a scientific culture in Egypt. It is by offering the public a kaleidoscope of fascinating scientific. It shows that cover a diverse variety of scientific fields and are suitable for a wide range of groups.

Re-opened in August 2009, the Planetarium offers. It is besides to the classic IMAX projection system. It is full-dome digital shows that use the latest Digistar 3 system. This system details the universe impeccably. It brings it so close to the public they feel as if they are flying through space and time. The Planetarium also offers live shows presented by resident astronomers.

The History of Science Museum:

A permanent exhibition that highlights the historical aspect of science in Egyp. It is during three major periods: ancient Egypt, Hellenistic Alexandria, and the Arab-Muslim World. The Museum pays homage to scientists who have enriched scientific knowledge. The Museum aims to revive the scientific discoveries and achievements of the ancient scholars. It is besides to their translators. It is without whom such writings would not have transcended space and time.

In fact, the History of Science Museum is not a traditional museum. Moreover, it offers a variety of activities. Furthermore, it targets school children in particular and the public in general. It also offers traditional tours.

The ALEXploratorium:

In fact, it is a fascinating and innovative establishment. Moreover, it is a hands-on science facility that is unconventional both in concept and operation. Furthermore, it targets children and youth, who are the future and hope of Egypt. It aims to intrigue them through interactive exhibitions, workshops, and other programs and activities. These activities held under the guidance and supervision of dedicated staff members. It is whose objective is to relay scientific principles in a simple, fun manner.

In fact, ALEXploratorium activities not limited to the young. They attract visitors of all ages and backgrounds to science. It is by making it more accessible, more understandable and far more interesting. They show visitors how they can experience science. It is in almost everything they see, hear, or touch in their everyday lives.

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