Activities in Egypt National Parks

Qarun Lake Fayoum Egypt

Qarun Lake

Information about Qarun Lake Fayoum

Qarun Lake also called Birket Qarun, Qaroun Lake and Moeris Lake. In fact, Qarun Lake is an ancient lake in the northwest of the Fayoum Oasis. It is 80 km (50 mile) southwest of Cairo, Egypt. The lake persists in modern times as a smaller lake called Birket Qarun. The lake’s surface is 43 m (140 feet ) below sea level. Moreover, it covers about 202 square kilometers (78 sq mile). Qarun Lake was freshwater in prehistory, but is today a saltwater lake. It is a source for tilapia and other fish from the local area. In fact, its area is between 1,270 km² (490 mi²) and 1,700 km² (656 mi²).

Qarun Lake Fayoum EgyptIn fact, Mediterranean Sea was a hot dry hollow near the end of the Messinian Salinity Crisis. It was in the late Miocene. In that time, Fayoum was a dry hollow. Furthermore, the Nile flowed past it at the bottom of a canyon. After the Mediterranean re flooded, the Nile canyon became an arm of the sea. It reached inland further than Aswan. In fact, it was at the end of the Miocene. Over geological time that sea arm gradually filled with silt and became the Nile Valley.

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Eventually, the Nile Valley bed silted up high enough. It was to let the Nile in flood overflow into the Fayoum hollow and make a lake in it. Qarun lake is first which recorded from about 3000 BC. In fact, it was around the time of Menes (Narmer). However, for the most part it only filled with high flood waters. In fact, the lake bordered by neolithic settlements. The town of Crocodilopolis grew up on the south where the higher ground created a ridge. In 2300 BC, the waterway from the Nile to the natural lake widened and. Furthermore, it deepened to make a canal which now known as the Bahr Yussef. This project started by Amenemhat III, or perhaps by his father Senusret III.

In fact, this canal fed into the lake. It was to serve three purposes. The first one was to control the flooding of the Nile. The second purpose was to regulate the water level of the Nile during dry seasons. The last one was to serve the surrounding area with irrigation. The ancient Egyptian pharaohs of the twelfth dynasty used the natural lake of as a reservoir. It was to store surpluses of water for use during the dry periods. The immense waterworks undertaken by the ancient Egyptian pharaohs of the twelfth dynasty. It was to transform the lake into a huge water reservoir. In fact, it gave the impression that the lake was an artificial excavation. This reported by classic geographers and travelers. The lake eventually abandoned due to the nearest branch of the Nile shrinking from 230 BC.

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Wadi El Allaqi Aswan Egypt

Wadi El Allaqi Aswan

Information about Wadi El Allaqi Aswan

Wadi El Allaqi Aswan located 180 Km southeast of Aswan, Egypt. The area of Wadi El Allaqi Aswan declared as a protectorate in 1989. In fact, Wadi El Allaqi Aswan area is about 30000 square kilometer. The area is a large dry river which used to rise from the Red Sea hills especially Elba mountain. After the construction of the High Dam inWadi El Allaqi Aswan Egypt Aswan, the water flowed and collected into Wadi El Allaqi Aswan. And then, it became the lakes’ part. The protectorate is a valley which is a result of the drying of a large river. In fact, it is 1 km wide and 275 km long. Wadi El Allaqi Aswan features more than 90 species of plants. They are from the annual and perennial categories. Moreover, it also has over 15 species of mammals and 16 species of birds.

Wadi El Allaqi Aswan also has some venom containing reptiles and a large variety of invertebrates. The Wadi has greenery and rich soil acting as a pasture for animals. The astounding botanical variety which found here is no less than a treat for nature lovers. Wadi Allaqi Aswan bounded by Nasser’s Lake to the west and Red Sea by the east. The region of Wadi El Allaqi Aswan has the earliest reference to mining which took place here. The mining took place during the Twelfth Dynasty of the Middle Kingdom. It was when the region known by the name Akita which located in the Land of the Wawat. In 1900s the area mined by British and South Africa companies as well.

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Wadi El Allaqi Aswan EgyptThe historical mining focused on the mining of high grade quartz veins and alluvial gold. The stooped out quartz veins show the historical mining activity. Waste dumps and tailing also seen in many deposits. They show that the site saw significant mining activities in the past. The wadi also used by the nomadic tribes Bejas who live in the area. In fact, around 1000 members of Bisharyn and Ababda live here. The tribes used this land to graze livestock, for producing charcoal for fuel. They also did to collect medicinal plants. Also quarrying of nickel and copper and agriculture on a small scale done here. Some variety of medicinal plants also collected from the area.

In fact, all such activities somehow stopped from the Wadi in 1989. It was after it declared as a nature reserve. Since then, it managed by the Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency. In 1993, it also declared as a biosphere Reserve by the UNESCO. Wadi Allaqi Aswan area made up of nine tenement areas. Eight contain historical gold workings. The ninth one is a rich reserve of copper-nickel deposits. There are in total nine Wadi Allaqi prospects, each of which covers 16 km 2 in area.

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Wadi Degla Cairo Egypt Degla Valley Cairo Egypt

Wadi Degla Cairo Egypt

Information about Wadi Degla Cairo Egypt (Degla Valley)

Wadi Degla Cairo Egypt (Degla Valley) is one of the important valleys which extend from east to west. It located in Maadi area in Cairo, Egypt. Wadi Degla Cairo Egypt length is 30 km. Moreover, it passes through the limestone rocks that remained in the marine environment. It was during the Eocene Epoch in the eastern desert ( 60 million years ). Thus, it is rich with fossils. The height of these rocks alongside the valley is around 50 m. A group of valleys flew into Degla Valley Cairo Egypt. The valley has a group of mammals animals like dear, ta-ital and mountain rabbits. It also has red fox, feather tailed rat, oviparous, barbed rat, little tailed bat and others.

When you visit the Wadi Degla Cairo Egypt, you will see the construction debris and huge cement blocks. They dumped at the entrance to the Wadi. A couple of hundred meters there is what was once the mouth of the river. Beyond it, flies buzzed about heaps of what appeared to be cattle and poultry offal. Soon, swarms of flies and mosquitoes would have invaded the area. Two kilometers into the Wadi, its rugged natural beauty had become clear.

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Degla Valley in Cairo Egypt is a unique place to introduce Cairenes to nature. It is an excellent one day excursion for schools to organize. It provides an opportunity to educate and enlighten children about nature. In one or two hours, visitors can experience the remoteness and complexity of the desert. It is also a valuable site for Egyptian universities. They can conduct field research there in botany, zoology, geology and environmental science. The valley’s geological life goes back more than 50 million years to the Eocene epoch. The majestic cliffs to each side of the valley were the river banks. Degla valley itself was the river bed. The high cliffs are a powerful natural barrier even now. The cliffs protected the valley’s various life forms.

Degla Valley in Cairo Egypt is a perfect escape for hikers, bikers, rock climbers and nature lovers alike. Even for those who lack athletic prowess, the protected area is still worth a visit for a picnic. It is also to observe the phenomenal views from atop the plateaus. The Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency designated Wadi Degla Cairo as a protectorate area in 1999. It remains an almost pristine escape. The air feels clean and temperatures are cooler than in Downtown Cairo. The area is completely quiet and the city appears far in the distance. A short car ride can transport you from Cairo’s noise and crowds to absolute serenity and silence.

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Wadi Degla Cairo Egypt has something for everyone. Whether you’re an avid runner or somebody who just wants to take in the expansive desert views. If you seek an adventure that is worlds away from Cairo, Wadi Degla Cairo Egypt is your place. For directions, take the Autostrad road to Maadi, and turn east towards Zahraa El Maadi. Follow this road for 3 km until you come to a large mosque on your right. Turn right after the mosque. Turn left at the Wadi Degla Sporting Club. Follow this road and turn right before the Nissan Service Center. Drive until the Wadi Degla Cairo Egypt entrance. Taxi drivers in Maadi know how to get there. It is open every day until 6 PM. Entrance costs five Egyptian pound for foreigners and three Egyptian pound for Egyptians.

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Maadi Petrified Forest Cairo

El Maadi Petrified Forest Cairo Egypt

Information about El Maadi Petrified Forest Cairo, tours and Online Booking

Maadi Petrified forest Cairo is 30 kilometer away from Cairo. It situated outside Maadi district in Cairo, Egypt. In fact, it declared as a protectorate in 1989. Moreover, El Maadi Petrified forest Cairo is about 35 million years old at least. It is indeed an ideal example of the physical history of the planet. Furthermore, El Maadi Petrified forest area is about six square kilometers. It covered with the remains of trees from the early era. They brought here due to the floods on the red Sea hills. This period called Oligocene. It is where the temperature of earth saw a large amount of drop and floods occurred. The drop in temperature led to the creation of an atmosphere.

This atmosphere supported the coming of many new species like elephants and horses. El Maadi Petrified forest Cairo located 18 kilometer from Maadi city in Cairo. It is on the North Katameya Ain Sukhna road. Moreover, it features a large variety of stones, sands, petrified trees and trunks. El Maadi Petrified forest Cairo can help in knowing about the geological period of earth. Furthermore, it is a small geological protectorate in comparison to others in Egypt. It also classified as a natural heritage site. Maadi Petrified forest Cairo covered by acacia trees, pastoral plants and bushes. They help in fixing the dunes. It assists in conserving the environmental setting of the Mediterranean coast.

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The high density of acacia helps in increasing the level of soil water. It also preserves the natural qualities of the subterranean water. That is why the forest became a favored tourist attraction. It is due to the natural resources present here . It also features wildlife flora and fauna. El Maadi Petrified forest Cairo also known as Gabal el Khashab, or Wood Hill. If your are non geologist or a nature lover, there is nothing much to see in it. The biggest threat to the protectorate is the constant construction work around the area.

Construction programs nearby led most of the animals and wildlife disappearing from this area. It happened within the past ten to 15 years. The Petrified forest in Maadi, Cairo indeed is an important pearl in the natural heritage of the country. It is although of its small area. Among the wildlife is Cape Hare, Lepus capensis and small rodents. They are like Cairo Spiny Mouse and Acomys cahirinus. Birds are generally those of the Eastern Desert. They include Mourning Wheat-ear and Oenanthe lugens. Among reptiles there is the Pale Agama and Trapelus pallidus.

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El Hassana Dome National Park Cairo

El Hassana Dome National Park Egypt

Information about El Hassana Dome National Park Cairo, tours and Online Booking

El Hassana Dome National Park is a unique geological formation in Giza, Egypt. In fact, it created 100 million years ago. The park designated a natural protectorate in 1989. It was by Prime Ministerial Decree 946/1989. In fact, the park currently threatened by encroaching urbanization and construction works. El Hassana Dome National Park located in the area of Abu Rawash which is 8 Kilometer from Giza Pyramids. Moreover, it features geological importance and richness in fossils. It first discovered in the mid nineteenth century. In fact, El Hassana Dome name owes to its dome shaped hills. It also owes to its location at the end of El Hassana Valley.

Furthermore, the dome is 149 meters high. The highest points from its eastern part raises 109 meters. In fact, El Hassana Dome National Park split in two by the Cairo Alexandria Desert Highway. Its western side is rich in chalky sediment-ed hills and seashells. They are along with plant and animal fossils dating back to the Upper Cretaceous Period. Moreover, it is 135 million years old. With an area of just one square kilometer, El Hassana Dome National Park is one of Egypt’s smallest. In fact, it not a well known tourist destination. Moreover, it surrounded by urbanization and the pollution that accompanies that it.

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The upscale New Giza housing project lies at its southern border. A network of pipelines currently installed along its eastern side. Moreover, quarries operate in the vicinity and commercial farms found along its southeast border. El Hassana Dome National Park does not receive many visitors. It is except those interested in geology and paleontology. They are along with students on scientific school field trips. So the protectorate is not disturbed or polluted by visitors.

The geological richness of the National Park, first discovered by Gustave Le Febrve. He was a French engineer. He commissioned by Mohamed Ali Pasha in 1839. It was to survey the area around the Pyramids of Giza. To someone who is neither a geologist nor a paleontologist, there may not be much to see here. El Hassana Dome National Park looks like an ordinary plot of desert with hills. But to specialists, El Hassana Dome National Park does resemble an open air prehistoric museum.

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