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7 days Nile cruise ex Luxor Egypt

7 days Nile cruise ex Luxor Egypt

7 days Nile cruise ex Luxor information, tour, Prices, Booking

7 days Nile cruise ex Luxor is not common in Egypt. A very few Nile cruises do this tour. The 7 days Nile cruise ex Luxor includes a visit to Dendera temple. In fact, it is the main difference of the other Nile cruises tours. In the itinerary, the cruise ship sails towards Quena which located north of Luxor. However, here under the detailed itinerary

Day 01 of the 7 days Nile cruise ex Luxor: Luxor

This day of, we will start by the embarkation on the cruise. It will be before the lunch. The lunch will be on the cruise board. The rest of day will be at leisure on the cruise. The open buffet dinner and overnight will be on the cruise board.

Day 02: Luxor-Quena-Luxor

Open buffet breakfast will be on the cruise board. Today we will sail to Quena. This day of the 7 days Nile cruise ex Luxor will include a visit to Dendera Complex. In fact, the complex located about 2.5 km south-east of Dendera, Egypt. Moreover, the complex has one of the best preserved temple complexes in Egypt. The area used as the sixth Nome of Upper Egypt, south of Abydos. The whole complex covers some 40,000 square meters. In fact, it surrounded by a hefty mud brick enclosed wall. Dendera was a site for chapels or shrines from the beginning of history of ancient Egypt. It seems that pharaoh Pepi I built on this site. An evidence exists of a temple in the eighteenth dynasty 1500 BC.

The earliest extant building in the compound today is the Mammisi. In fact, it raised by Nectanebo II who was last of the native pharaohs (360-343 BC). The features in the complex include Hathor temple which called the temple of Tentyra. The temple modified on the same site starting as far back as the Middle Kingdom. Furthermore, it continued right up until the time of the Roman emperor Trajan. The existing structure built no later than the late Ptolemaic period. The temple which dedicated to Hathor, is one of the best preserved temples in all Egypt. The open buffet lunch will be on the cruise board while sailing back to Luxor. The open buffet dinner and overnight will be on the cruise board.

Day 03: Luxor

The open buffet breakfast will be on the cruise board. This day of the 7 days Nile cruise ex Luxor will include tour to the awe inspiring Luxor temple. In fact, the temple founded in 1400 BC and built with sandstone from the Gebel el-Silsila area. The area located in south western Egypt. And then we will continue to visit Karnak temple. In fact, the temple comprises a vast mix of decayed temples, chapels and pylons. It also has other buildings. The building at the complex began in the reign of Sesostris I in the Middle Kingdom. It also continued into the Ptolemaic period. And then, we will be back to the cruise for open buffet lunch. The open buffet dinner and overnight will be on the cruise board.

Day 04: Luxor-Edfu

After the open buffet breakfast, we cross to the west bank of the Nile . The 7 days Nile cruise ex Luxor will include a visit the Colossi of Memnon. In fact, they are two massive stone statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III. For the past 3400 years (since 1350 BC) they stood in the Theban necropolis. It is across the Nile River from the modern city of Luxor. And then will go to the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens. Over there, we will visit Hatshepsut temple.

The temple located beneath the cliffs at Deir el Bahari. It is on the west bank of the Nile near the Valley of the Kings. The mortuary temple of Hatshepsut dedicated to the sun god Amun-Ra. It located next to Mentuhotep II temple which served both as an inspiration and later, a quarry. Open buffet lunch will be on the cruise board while sailing to Edfu. The open buffet dinner and overnight will be on the cruise board.

Day 05: Edfu-Kom Ombo-Aswan

The open buffet breakfast will be on the cruise board. The 7 days Nile cruise ex Luxor includes a visit to Edfu’s beautiful preserved temple of Horus. In fact, it is the best preserved of all large Egyptian temples and built by the Ptolemy’s. The open buffet lunch will be on the cruise board while sailing to Kom Ombo. In Kom Ombo, we will visit the temple of Sobek, the crocodile god which situated on the riverbank. Continue to Aswan. We enjoy a sumptuous Oriental dinner and dance all night away to the Egyptian Galabeya Party. Overnight will be on the cruise board.

Day 06 of the 7 days Nile cruise ex Luxor: Aswan

After the open buffet breakfast, we view the Aswan High Dam. In fact, the dam is an embankment dam which situated across the Nile River in Aswan. The tour itinerary will also include a visit to the Unfinished Obelisk. The obelisk located in the northern region of the stone quarries of ancient Egypt in Aswan. Archaeologists are unsure which pharaoh created this structure. It indeed is one third larger than any ancient Egyptian obelisk ever erected. Open buffet lunch will be on the cruise board. PM, we will sail by traditional Nile Felucca. The sailing will be along the shores of Elephantine Island to visit Philae temple. The open buffet dinner and overnight will be on the cruise board.

Day 07 of the 7 days Nile cruise ex Luxor: Aswan – Disembarkation

Open buffet breakfast will be on the cruise board. Disembarkation will be after the breakfast.

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Speos Artemidos Istabl Antar El Minya Egypt

Speos Artemidos Egypt

Speos Artemidos El Minya, Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

Speos Artemidos or Istabl Anatar is a rock shrine which situated on the south side of an isolated wadi. In fact, Speos Artemidos located about 3 km east of Beni Hassan in El Minya, Egypt. Moreover, Speos Artemidos is a small temple which hewn completely out of the rock. In fact, the temple situated in an area where there are many ancient quarries. The origins of the structure goes back as far as the Middle Kingdom. Yet, the temple is the first decorated in the reign of Queen Hatshepsut of Dynasty XVIII. The temple dedicated to the goddess Pakhet, a local lion-headed goddess of the desert. Furthermore, it is an aspect of Hathor, who given the title ‘”She Who Scratches”. She known from the Coffin texts as a night huntress. But in fact, her cult not attested in the area before the New Kingdom.

Later, the Greeks identified Pakhet with Bastet, a feline deity. In fact, they associated him with their own huntress Artemis. The temple became known as the “Cave of Artemis”. In fact, there are other titles which attached to Pakhet at Speos Atemidos. The titles are “Goddess of the Mouth of the Wadi” and “She Who Opens the Ways of the Stormy Rains”. The modern name for the Speos Artemidos, Istabl Antar, comes from Antar, who was a local pre-Islamic poet. In fact, the facade of the Speos Artemidos is 15 meter wide. Morover, the facade features four square pillars which cut from the rock. Two located on each side of the entrance. Moreover, the pillars prepared for decoration with Hathor-headed capitals. In fact, it was on the outer face and Osiride capitals on the inner face. Yet, they remained unfinished, although the sides added texts and cartouches.

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In fact, the texts and cartouches are of Thutmose III and Horus of Hebenw. Amenhotep’s temple dismantled and rebuilt by Seti I. In fact, the doorway leads into a transverse hall. Moreover, the ceiling supported by four more unfinished pillars. Furthermore, the pillars decorated with hieroglyphs and reliefs. In fact, hieroglyphs and reliefs now worn and difficult to read in some parts. The most important of these, inscribed by Hatshepsut on the architrave over the entrance. Moreover, it denounces the ‘Asiatics of Avaris’ (the Hyksos). In fact, the Hyksos ruled Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period. In the lengthy text the queen describes the chaos of Hyksos rule. Moreover, she extols the benefits of her own reign and her restoration of the damage they caused.

In fact, the Hyksos used in the text as a metaphor for chaos and the sovereign’s duty. The duty was to bring order to the land. In fact, it was since their expulsion happened three generations before Hatshepsut’s reign. The queen did, yet, undertake the restoration of several monuments in Middle Egypt. The monuments which had suffered under the rule of the Hyksos. The wall decorated with painted scenes depicting Hatshepsut before the gods. In fact, this wall located on the south side of the transverse hall. Moreover, the wall is on either side of the doorway into the sanctuary.

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In fact, the western part of the wall usurped from Hatshepsut. It is although it has appearance of decoration by Seti I and shows little trace of alteration. Scenes depict the queen and king receiving the Khepresh crown from Amun and Pakhet-Weret-Hekau. Moreover, the scenes also show them while making offerings. In fact, the offering are of incense and libations to the goddess. The goddess wears a Hathor head-dress and offers a menat and double uraei. On the eastern side, there are two scenes from Hatshepsut’s reign.

How to get to Speos Artimedos:

Speos Artemidos located on the east bank of the Nile, about 20 km south of El Minya. From Beni Hassan, follow the road along the river for a few kilometers. After going through a village a track turns eastwards into the desert. The Speos Artemidos is in the cliff on the right-hand side of the wadi. A police escort currently required when visiting this site.

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El Sheikh Ibada Antionpolis El Minya Egypt

El Sheikh Ibada

El Sheikh Ibada El Minya, Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

El Sheikh Ibada is a modern village which located on the East Bank of the Nile. In fact, El Sheikh Ibada is about 10 kilometer north east of Mallawi in El Minya, Egypt. Near El Sheikh Ibada, there are ruins of a Roman town which named Antinopolis. In fact, the Roman town founded by the Emperor Hadrian in 130 AC. The emperor built this town to memorize his friend Antinous who drowned in the Nile. By the time of the Roman era, the town became common for cults. In fact, the cults established for those who drowned and the deceased which deified. In the tragic legend attached to the town, Antinous was a handsome young servant boy. Moreover, he was a favorite of Hadrian and drowned while touring Egypt with his master.

The Emperor became so dejected and ordered to build hundreds of sculpted statues and busts. In fact, the busts and statues portrayed the handsome features of the boy. Moreover, the emperor founded the town in his name. Many of the busts of Antinous can seen in European museums. Almost nothing remains of Antinopolis now at El Sheikh Ibada village. In fact, the site visited by the Napoleonic Expedition in the late 18th century. Moreover, in that time, there were still extensive ruins of a Roman portico. In fact, these ruins illustrated in “Description l’Egypte”. Napoleon’s savants recorded the existence of large parts of the city walls. In fact, the site of El Sheikh Ibada housed columned streets and a monumental gate. Moreover, the site also houses two temples and a theater one day.

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A hippodrome, presumably used for chariot races, lay further east in the desert. Moreover, a large temple built during the Graeco-Roman period. In fact, this temple destroyed during the 19th century. Moreover, there were earlier structures near El Sheikh Ibada site. In fact, the structures were on a caravan route. The route connected the Nile to the centers of commerce on the Red Sea. The largest remains of these monuments located to the west of the Roman town. In fact, it is a temple which decorated by Ramses II. Moreover, the temple dedicated to Thoth and the gods of El Ashmunein and the gods of Heliopolis. Furthermore, there are also Parts of a columned courtyard, hypo-style hall and a sanctuary.

The archaeology at El Sheikh Ibada investigated by an Italian Mission. In fact, the mission was from the University of Rome between 1965 and 1968. The Egyptian Minister of Culture announced in March 2009 that a talatat block found at the site. This block dates back to the Amarna period. In fact, the block which re-used in a Christian church some time, has a relief. In fact, the relief depicts the image of an Amarna queen who wears a vulture headdress. Though, this image is an image of Akhenaten’s wife Nefertiti.

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El Sheikh Said tombs El Minya Egypt

El Sheikh Said tombs

El Sheikh Said tombs El Minya, Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

El Sheikh Said tombs are rock tombs which cut into the side of cliff. In fact, El Sheikh Said tombs located on the East bank of the Nile. Moreover, El Sheikh Said tombs located a few kilometers south of Mallawi in El Minya, Egypt. Furthermore, the tombs are the officials of the 15th Upper Egyptian Nome who buried in a group there. In fact, the site named so because a Muslim holy man who also holds the same name, buried nearby. Moreover, the site is close to Dayr Al Barsha and marks the northern limits of the Amarna plain. In fact, the site features many ancient quarries. During Dynasty IV the mastabas favored by officials buried in the necropolises at Giza and Sakkara. In fact, the site tombs features a layout like that one of the mastaba.

Moreover, the tombs have an entrance which simulates the appearance of the earlier tombs. By Dynasty VI this development resulted in the full-blown rock-cut tomb. The tombs which cut into the steep cliff-face at the edge of the valley. These tombs were particularly prominent in Middle Egypt and other regions of the Nile Valley. In fact, the terrain was unsuitable for the construction of mastaba-style monuments. The cemetery at the site is among the earliest examples of this type of rock-cut tomb. The necropolis contains the tombs of the governors of the Hare Province. In fact, he buried during Dynasty VI, including “Chiefs of the Palace” Meru-bebi.

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Moreover, the tombs features simple structures which contain chapel. Furthermore, the structures feature a smaller inner hall and a statue or offering chamber. They usually contained one or more shafts leading to subterranean burial chambers. The capital of the 15th Upper Egyptian Nome was at El Ashmunein on the west bank of the Nile. The cemetery at El Sheikh Said indeed is important. In fact, it is because of the absence of contemporary evidence from the capital of the province.

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Mallawi Museum El Minya Egypt

Mallawi Museum

Mallawi Museum El Minya, Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

Mallawi Museum located in El Minay which is about 224 kilometer south of Cairo, Egypt. In fact, Mallawi museum reopened on Thursday 22 September 2016. Moreover, the museum has a permanent exhibition of 425 artifacts. Some of them are from the museum former collection. Moreover, the rest selected from El Ashmunine and El Bahnasa storerooms. In fact, the store rooms located at El Minya Museum. The exhibition divided into sections display El Minya residents’ daily life in the ancient times. Moreover, they also display the utensils which used in their houses for cooking. Furthermore, they also display the tools which used for making goods. Moreover, the sections also display the tools which used for cultivation and trading. The Museum includes sections on clay pots and pans, textiles, medicines and writing styles.

In fact, the panels explain the development of tools in the area also displayed. The Ancient Egyptian used natural and artificial light. In fact, the museum also features information about how they used them. The museum also features a jewelry section which displays make-up containers, wigs and necklaces. Moreover, the section of jewelry also displays earrings and bracelets. Ancient Egyptian religious rituals highlighted in the new museum. In fact, it is since El Minya was a main center of the monotheistic religion. This religion introduced by the pharaoh Akhenaten in ancient times. Furthermore, Mallawi museum also features a collection of mummified animals. This section proves that ancient Egyptians worshiped animals and were also fond of them. Concepts of justice, love and eternity also illustrated.

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Mallawi museum also display the funerary collection of Henu. In fact, Henu was one of the region’s ancient nobles. The museum building completely renovated. Moreover, the museum hanged from being a outdoor museum to indoor exhibition halls. Furthermore, a new lighting and security system installed. Moreover, the walls cleaned and polished and the damaged showcases replaced with new ones. The two stores museum building overhauled. Moreover, the museum indoor decoration and design renewed. The new design concept of Mallawi museum provides a broader educational service to visitors. Moreover, the design show how the Ancient Egyptian built a great civilization.

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El Siririya El Minya Egypt

El Siririya Egypt

El Siririya El Minya, Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

El Siririya located on the east bank of the Nile, to the north of El Minya, Egypt. In fact, El Siririya is a vast area of ancient limestone quarries. The quarries are still in use today as one of the major sources of limestone blocks for building in the country. In fact, it is obvious from the dazzling white dust which covers the land and everything on it for miles around. Moreover, El Siririya features many galleries of quarries where the cutting technique can seen. In fact, there are some with ancient builders marks on the faces of the rock. Amidst the quarried galleries there is a rock-cut speos (rock-shrine) on a steep rise.

In fact, the shrine cut from a cliff face one time, but now stands alone. Moreover, the shrine decorated by Merenptah during Dynasty XIX and dedicated to Hathor “Lady of the Two Infernos”. In fact, a fiery aspect of the goddess well suited to this parched site. Moreover, he shrine has a single doorway with a worn hieroglyphic text which incised on the jambs. Inside is a single chamber with a vaulted ceiling. In fact, the ceiling once carved and painted but now preserved. Yet, the remains of the paint can still seen there. At the rear of the chapel, three statues carved from the rock in high relief. Ij fact, the three statues include one of the goddess Hathor on the right-hand side.

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Below the shrine on the western side, there is a stelae which carved into the rock. In fact, the quite worn and with the lower part completely gone nowadays. The stelae depicts a king named in two cartouches of Ramses II. In fact, they offer to a god who is difficult to identify, but could be Sobek. Hathor stands behind the king with a hand on his shoulder.

How to get to El Siririya:

In fact, El Siririya reached across the main Nile bridge at El Minya. On the east bank, follow the road north along the river valley. This is a pretty drive through small villages with the high limestone mount. You will reach right down to the road. Many small limestone industries can seen along the sides of the road. You will reach El Siririya once you see the white landscape. You will also see the large cement factory and the quarry sites which surround the village. There is a helicopter pad near the entrance to the village with a sign. In fact, the sign says ” Entry Forbidden”. Park there and cross the sandy desert in a south-easterly direction to the shrine.

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El Bahnasa El Minya Egypt

El Bahnasa Egypt

El Bahnasa El Minya, Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

El Bahnasa is a modern village which located in El Miny, Egypt. In fact, El Bahnasa was the location for a destroyed site which called Per-Medjed town. In fact, the town was the capital of the 19th Upper Egyptian Nome and called Oxyrhynchus. Little known about the Pharaonic history of the town. In fact, a species of mormyrus fish worshiped there in a local cult. Moreover, the fish was sharp nose fish. Furthermore, the fish and was one of the three species of Nile fish who ate the phallus of Osiris. It was when the god’s body cut into pieces by his brother Seth. There was a dispute which broke out between this town and its neighbor, Cynopolis. In fact, the last one worshiped a dog. Moreover, each community accused of killing and eating each other’s sacred emblems.

El Bahnasa called Oxyrhynchus as mentioned above by the Greeks who named their town after the sacred fish. The  town began to gain an importance during Ptolemaic times. In fact, it was when it became a prosperous regional capital. Moreover, under the Greeks and Romans the town became the third city of Egypt. In fact, Oxyrhynchus was a large and sophisticated town during Roman times. It was with access to the camel-routes between the Nile Valley and the western oases. Though. El Bahnasa housed as many as 6000 people during its prominence. Moreover, a few structures revealed from this period. In fact, the structures included part of a colonnade and a Roman theater. Textural evidence tells us that there was also a gymnasium and public baths.

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Moreover, there were about twenty temples. The site of El Bahnasa visited by Denon and other early travelers. In fact, it was before Petrie digs there for the Egypt Exploration Fund in 1896. Moreover, El Bahansa site quarried for its stone and brick. Yet, it was Arthur Hunt and Bernard Grenfell who made the name of Oxyrhynchus famous. Two archaeologists from Oxford excavated the site for papyri. In 1896 they discovered a large quantity of papyri scrolls. In fact, they were in the town’s rubbish mounds. Moreover, the papyri scrolls rang from the Roman conquest to the early Islamic period. Between 1896 and 1906, El Bahnasa yielded an impressive collection of texts for. In fact, texts written in Greek but also in Latin, Coptic and Arabic.

Literary works included plays and poetry and the known texts of Plato. Fragmentary Christian texts also found, including a collection of Logia, or sayings of Christ. Some which do not appear in the gospels. Other discarded manuscripts found in the rubbish dumps. In fact, they consisted of letters and texts which shed an important light on daily life in Roman Egypt. Details of political, financial and religious concerns revealed in this. In fact, they are one of the largest and most important finds of papyri in Egypt.

How to get to El Bahnasa:

The village of El Bahnasa situated on the west bank of the Nile. Moreover, the village located to the west of the road between Maghagha and Beni Mazar. Furthermore, it is out towards the edge of the cultivation. Today the village occupies part of the Archaeological Sites.

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Hermopolis El Ashmunein El Minya Egypt

Hermopolis Egypt

Hermopolis El Minya, Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

Hermopolis Magna is a roman town located the near village of El Ashmunein El Miny, Egypt. In fact, Hermopolis located on the west bank of the Nile, north-west of Mallawi. Moreover, the town known as Khmun in Pharaonic times. During the Old Kingdom, the town was of a great importance as a cult center of Thoth, god of wisdom. In the Graeco-Roman Period, the city was the capital of the 15th Upper Egyptian Nome. In fact, the Greek god Hermes associated with the Egyptian Thoth. The last one dominated the site in the guise of two famous colossal baboon statues. Khmun, in the ancient Egyptian language means “town of eight”, named after the Ogdoad. These were eight primeval deities (four frog-gods and four snake-goddesses). In fact, they associated with the Hermopolitan creation myth. It was before they brought the primeval mound into being.

In fact, there are no remains of the earliest development of the city. Yet, the only surviving elements of the site now are crumbling mounds of mud-brick ruins. Moreover, the site also includes destroyed stone temples. In fact, the once great Temple of Thoth at Hermopolis visited by several early explorers. Moreover, in the early 19th century, some of the columns of the hypo-style hall were still standing. During the 1930 a German expedition directed by Gunter Roeder excavated the sites. In fact, they revealed a pylon of a temple which built by Ramses II. Moreover, they found over one thousand re-used talatat blocks. In fact, the blocks brought from the dismantled Aten temples at el-Amarna. Hermopolis site also revealed mud brick houses. In fact, the houses back to the Third Intermediate Period as well as Roman monuments.

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Most visitors will arrive first at the site of the old archaeological mission house. In fact, the house now turned into an open-air museum. The open air museum contains blocks, statues and stelae from excavations at Hermopolis. At the entrance to the museum, there are two huge baboon statues which reconstructed. In fact, their bodies are over 4.5 m high and represent the god Thoth. These are only two of several baboon colossi which erected at the site. In fact, it was during the reign of Amenhotep III (Dynasty XVIII). Hermopolis has also another road which leads to the east through an overgrown area. Moreover, the road also leads to the great Temple of Thoth. In fact, this temple indeed is one of the site’s main attractions. Moreover, the temple constructed in several stages throughout the city’s long history. The monuments at Hermopolis indeed suffered from stone quarrying.

In fact, it was from the early Christian times down to the early Islamic Period. Some of the stone masonry from the temple complex remained in place. The archaeologists uncovered foundations of the great pylon gateways. In fact, the great pylon gateways built by Horemheb and Ramses II. It was in this area that the re-used talatat blocks from Akhenaten’s city which found on the east bank. The largest remains of the temple of Thoth at Hermopolis date back to Necatnebo I reign. In fact, the last one rebuilt parts of the structure and enclosed the temple precinct. It was within huge mud-brick walls, 15 meters deep. Nectanebo’s gateway located on the southern side of the temple enclosure. Moreover, the gateway followed by the pylon of Ramses II and a processional way.

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Alexander the Great extended the Late Period temple by constructing a magnificent portico. In fact, the portico consists of two rows of six limestone columns. Moreover, it has much colorful decoration. Only the foundations of the columns remain today since the portico demolished in 1826 AC. Moreover, the stone reused in the building of a sugar factory. To the south-west of the temple are remains of an east-facing limestone sanctuary. In fact, the sanctuary dedicated to Amun and protected by a turreted fortress wall. The entrance pylon and part of the hypo-style hall of this structure still seen. Yet, the rear parts reduced to the ground level and surrounded by water. South-east of the Amun temple, there are remains of a monumental gateway. In fact, they date back to the late Middle Kingdom reign of Amenemhet II.

The remains of the facade and a passage of this structure still survive. Moreover, Hermopolis has another small temple which built in the reign of Ramses II. The small temple has additions by Nero. It is where two seated colossi of Ramses stood before the entrance. On the edge of the village there are fragmentary remains of a temple. In fact, this temple dedicated to the goddess Nehemetaway, the wife of Thoth. Moreover, this temple was the latest temple which built at Hermopolis. Outside the temple enclosure on the eastern side of Hermopolis are remains of a Roman Agora. Moreover, there are also a restored Coptic basilica which constructed with many blocks. In fact, the blocks are from Ptolemaic monuments and follow a Greek style of architecture. Most of the graceful granite columns still stand in the structure of the church.

Further details about Hermopolis:

In fact, it is the best example of a monument from this period in Egypt. Nearby, there is a long architrave which inscribed with a Greek text and lies on the ground. The British Museum excavation team also uncovered parts of the town site of Hermopolis. At the western side of Hermopolis site, there are mud-brick houses. In fact, the houses date back to the Third Intermediate Period. The majority of buildings belonged to the wealthier families of the town. Three successive levels of construction identified. In the Graeco-Roman part of the town, the “Dromos of Hermes” uncovered. In fact, its existence known from papyrus texts. There is also a paved processional street which runs from north to south through the city. In fact, this street contained re-used stone from earlier times. One of these elements is an alabaster altar which inscribed with scenes and titles.

In fact, the scenes and titles were of Amenhotep III. The Graeco-Roman parts of the Hermopolis built over many earlier destroyed structures. In fact, these structures date back to the New Kingdom and Third Intermediate Period. Over 300 fragments from a large alabaster stelae of Osorkon III also discovered. In fact, they date back to the Third Intermediate Period. The oldest feature which found at Hermopolis was a Middle Kingdom cemetery. In fact, the cemetery also excavated in the 1980 by the British Museum team. Moreoevr, the cemetery enclosed by a massive mud-brick wall. Furthermore, the tombs consist of small vaulted chambers with a superstructure. Over time, new graves superimposed over older ones to the top of the enclosure. In fact, many pottery jars found at Hermopolis. The later cemetery which associated with Hermopolis can seen now at Tuna El Gebel.

How to get to Hermopoils:

Hermopolis located on the west bank of the Nile. Moreover, the town is about 8 km north of Mallawi and 7 km east of Tuna El Gebel. The ticket office for the site is at the open-air museum and tickets cost 35 Egyptian pound.

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Dayr Al Barsha El Minya Egypt

Dayr Al Barsha

Dayr Al Barsha El Minya, Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

Dayr Al Barsha or Deir El Bersha is a Coptic village which located in El Minya, Egypt. In fact, the site located in the East Bank of the Nile at the mouth of Wadi Deir El Nakhla. Dayr Al Barsha is a necropolis and quarry site in the remote cliffs. In fact, Dayr Al Barsha features 39 rock-cut tombs similar in style to the later tombs at Beni Hassan. Moreover, Dayr Al Barsha also features extensive galleries of limestone quarries. In fact, the quarrying, earlier earthquakes and more recent vandalism damaged the tombs. The tombs are now in a lamentable state of preservation. The most important tombs at Dayr Al Barsha belong to Dynasty XI and XII governors. In fact, the governors were of the 15th Upper Egyptian Nome. Moreover, they lived in Hermopolis across the river.

In fact, the tombs visited by many early travelers. Moreover, the tombs excavated by Percy Newberry for the Egypt Exploration Fund. It was during 1891-1893. Furthermore, the site also excavated by Georges Daressy in 1897. Moreover, the site of Dayr Al Barsha also explored by Ahmed Kamal starting from 1900. George Reisner began the excavations in 1915 for the Boston Harvard Expedition. Since the 1980, a Dutch American expedition excavated at Dayr Al Barsha. The decorated tombs in the cliffs of Dayr Al Barsha date back to the Old Kingdom. Moreover, they also date back to First Intermediate Period and Middle Kingdom. In fact, it was the principal cemetery of Hermopolis. Early excavations at the site brought to light many of high-status burials. In fact, some of them are intact.

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The most famous and most impressive of the Middle Kingdom tombs constructed for Djehutihotep. In fact, he was a governor who ruled during the Dynasty XII reigns of Amenemhet II. His main title was “Great Overlord of the Hare Province”. Moreover, his tomb-chapel has a portico with two palm-columns. Furthermore, his tomb has a rectangular inner hall. Moreover, the tomb also has a deep cult chamber with a statue niche up a short flight of steps. In fact, the tomb is famous for a unique painted scene on the left-hand wall of the inner hall. The scene depicts the transportation of a colossal statue. In fact, the statue is of the deceased from the alabaster quarries at Hatnub to his mortuary chapel. The statue measures 6.5 meter high and estimated to weigh about 60 tonnes.

In fact, the scene shows the statue while dragged on a wooden sledge. It was by 172 men pulling with ropes, while another man pours something from a jar. In fact, it was to lubricate the ground in front of the sledge. The lifting of the weight done by using wooden levers. The tomb also contains other interesting scenes of daily life in the Middle Kingdom. Moreover, the tomb chapel also has five subsidiary shaft-graves in the forecourt. One of them belongs to Gua who held the title of “Chief of Physicians”. In fact, he was Djehutihotep’s personal doctor. A quantity of rich burial equipment found there including two decorated cedar-wood coffins. There were also Gua’s canopic jars and several wooden models. In fact, they are now in the British Museum. Dayr Al Barsha also houses the tomb of the governor Djehutinakht.

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In fact, this tomb discovered by H Lyman Story, registrar of the Boston Museum in 1915. Djehutinakht was a governor of Dynasty XI. Moreover, he hold the title of “Hereditary Prince and Controller of the Two Thrones”. Furthermore, his wife shared the tomb and also shared the same name. In fact, the tomb plundered but many artifacts which found during its clearance. The artifacts included the owner’s elaborate and detailed outer coffin. Moreover, the artifacts also included an unparalleled masterpiece of Middle Kingdom art. Furthermore, parts of his desecrated mummy also found. The linen-wrapped head of which found watching the excavators from on top of the coffin.

Among the treasures which left behind were several coffins and mummy masks. In fact, these treasures also included funerary equipment and jewelry. Moreover, they also included superb wooden models, vessels and statuettes. The limestone quarries and the settlements in and around the site were in use from the New Kingdom. In fact, it was through to the Roman Period and into the Coptic era. There is a mission to Dayr Al Barsha of the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven. In fact, this mission directed by Professor Harco Willems. Moreover, the mission works in the quarry areas since 2002. In fact, they revealed many interesting features, and inscriptions. Moreover, they also revealed drawings, graffito and a damaged stelae of Amenhotep III.

How to get to Dayr Al Barsha:

Dayr Al Barsha is almost opposite the town of Mallawi on the eastern side of the Nile. In fact, the archaeological area located at the entrance to the Wadi Deir El Nakhla. Moreover, the area is remote and difficult to access. In fact, the tombs believed to be closed due to their damaged and dangerous condition.

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Akhetaten El Minya Egypt


Akhetaten El Minya Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

Akhetaten was the capital city of the Dynasty XVIII king, Akhenaten. In fact, Akhetaten called by some “the heretic king”. Moreover, Akhenaten built Akhetaten in 1375 BC in a bay of cliffs on the east bank of the Nile. In fact, he built Akhetaten city as a center for the worship of his new religion Sun disc Aten. This religion abandoned after his death. Furthermore, Akhetaten became a pilgrimage center. In fact, it was for those who captivated by this unique period of Egyptian history. The Akhetaten site now only accessible by ferry to El-Till. In fact, el till is the modern village which built on the narrow strip of cultivation. Moreover, the village is along the river bank towards the northern end of Akhetaten. The archaeology of the city defined by low excavated or reconstructed walls.

In some cases, only bare outlines of the structures can made out on the sand-covered plain. In fact, most of the stonework removed in ancient times. Moreover, the remaining of mud-brick badly decayed. After Akhenaten’s death, there were few physical remains of his superb innovative structures. The dedication ceremony recorded on three boundary stelae which carved into the limestone cliffs. In fact, it is at the northern and southern extremities of the new city. A further eleven stelae cut on both banks of the river. In fact, it was to define the boundaries with greater precision. The stelae A can seen at Tuna El Gebel on the west bank. In fact, the Stelae U is the most accessible boundary one at Akhetaten. It cut into the cliff near the entrance to the royal wadi.

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The stelae measures 7.6 meter high. Moreover, the remains of the carved statues of the royal family still seen at the base. Akhetaten city surrounded by encircling hills with the deep cleft. In fact, it is at the entrance to the royal wadi in the center. Near the base of the southern cliffs, a new walled village built for the workmen. In fact, it was like that one at Thebes. There were lotiform and palm-trunk columns of wood and stone which were piers for roofs. Internal and external walls decorated with blue faience tiles and painted scenes. The whole city of Akhetaten based around a wide thoroughfare. Moreover, it extended from north to south a “royal road” over eight kilometers in length. Furthermore, it was on which Akhenaten and his family seen. In fact, they seen while they ride in chariots in many reliefs.

Nowadays, the modern track extends along the edge of the site of Akhetaten. Moreover, the track follows the ancient royal road. In fact, the northern end of this was the focus for the city’s administrative area. There was a bridge which connected the Great Palace to the King’s House. In fact, it was on the eastern side of the road. The foundations of the bridge can still seen spanning the royal road. In fact, the palace built from mud-brick. But when Petrie excavated the area in 1891 he uncovered beautiful painted pavements. In fact, these painted pavements destroyed later. An annex to the Great Palace built by Akhenaten’s successor, Smenkare. In fact, the annex contained many columns and walls. They covered in colored faience tiles. The King’s House, on the opposite side of the road was a more practical house.

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In fact, the house contained a small palace with a courtyard and magazines. Here, Petrie found fragments of a superb fresco painting. In fact, it depicts the image of the youngest royal princesses. The main buildings in the central city include store-rooms, barracks and administration offices. The “House of Correspondence of the Pharaoh” was the records office. In fact, it was in which the first of the Tell El Amarna letters found in 1887. The main residential area located on the southern side of the city. In fact, the central city to the south of the palace, was a small Aten temple. Moreover, the temple was on the eastern side of the road.

In fact, the temple called the “Mansion of the Aten in Akhetaten”. This temple built as a mortuary temple for the king. Moreover, the temple contained a sanctuary which oriented in line with the royal wadi. Furthermore, to the north of the temple was the Gm-Aten (House of the Aten). or the Great Aten Temple. In fact, the Great Temple enclosed by huge walls and extends east from the road for around 750 m. Furthermore, the great temple consisted of several cult structures. The structures include a series of open-air courts and a vast number of offering tables. In fact, 365 on each of two sides represent Upper and Lower Egypt. The whole temple complex at Akhetaten dominated by offerings.

Further details about Akhetaten:

In fact, the offerings were of large quantities of food which dedicated to Aten. It was before distributed among the priests and populace of the city. Details of the temples can seen in many reliefs on the walls of the nobles Tombs at Tell El Amarna. To the north of the central city is an excavated structure which known as the North Palace. In fact, the structure is a self-contained structure which comprised of apartments. Moreover, the apartments built around an open court. Furthermore, there is a garden and also a throne room.

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