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El Sayeda Zeinab mosque Cairo

El Sayeda Zeinab mosque Cairo Egypt

El Sayeda Zeinab mosque Cairo, tours and Online Booking

El Sayeda Zeinab mosque Cairo stands in the heart of a square named after El Sayeda Zeinab. She is the grand daughter of the Prophet. May Prayers and Peace be upon him. El Sayeda is an Arabic word means The Lady. The lady Zeinab is also the youngest daughter of both the Lady Fatima and her cousin Ali Ibn Abi Taleb. In fact,  the Lady Fatima is the Prophet’s daughter. The Lady Zeinab is the sister of the two Imams Al Hassan and Al Hussein. In fact, El Sayeda Zeinab mosque Cairo set up shortly after her arrival to Egypt. It was on the appearance of the new crescent moon of Shaaban. Moreover, it is the eighth month of the Hegira calendar. It was in the year 680 AD.

In fact, the Lady Zeinab first arrived to the small village of Al Abassah. It is in Al Sharkia govern-orate, east of Delta. Maslama Al Ansary was on the head of the gathering of well-wishers. Moreover, he was the governor of Egypt in that time. She later settled down at Al Fustat city. Al Fustat was the first Islamic capital of Egypt. The Lady Zeinab became the guest of Maslama. After less than a year of her arrival to Egypt she passed away. It was on the evening of 14th of Ragab 62 AH. Ragab is 7th month of the Islamic calendar. According to her will, she buried in the same place where she had lived for about eleven months. Sayyeda Zeinab mausoleum built close to the northern flank of Maslama house. It overlooks the River Nile bay near Sayeda Zeinab square.

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In the course of time Moslama’s house and the adjacent buildings crumbled away. It was except of her mausoleum. It remained intact due to continuous repairs by princes, higher-ranking officials and religious leaders. In fact, the mausoleum orated by domes, niches and inscriptions of Arabic calligraphy. Moreover, the first innovations of El Sayyeda Zeinab mosque Cairo took place during the reign of Ibn Tulun. Sultans Al Mo’ez and Al Hakim allotted land endowments to preserve the mosque. In the sixth century after the Hijra, Sultan Al Adel Ayoub repaired El Sayyeda Zeinab mosque Cairo. He also built a smaller mosque next to it. The Mameluke Prince Abdul Rahman Katkhuda reconstructed the mosque. He furnished it with a toilet for ablutions. In 1201 A.H.

The mausoleum repaired and glided with a layer of yellow copper. Furthermore, El Sayeda Zeinab mosque Cairo area expanded to cover three thousand square meters. In 1315 A.H, El Sayeda Zeinab mosque Cairo re-built next the mausoleum. It was during the reign of Khedive Tawfik. In 1946 A.D King Farouk repaired the mosque and the mausoleum as well. In fact, king Farouk was the last monarch in Mohamed Ali’s dynasty. During the era of President Gamal Abdul Nasser, the mosque expanded to cover an area of 4000 meters. El Sayeda Zeinab mosque again expanded during President Mubarak. It covers 18000 meter with a capacity of 15000 worshipers.

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In fact, the main facade of El Sayeda Zeinab mosque Cairo looks over El Sayeda Zeinab square. Moreover, it has three gateways leading to the mosque. In the western facade there is a special gate for women leading to the Mausoleum. The minaret stands high to the left of this section. The inside ceiling covering the whole area of the mosque erected on columns made of white marble. A light shaft stands over the section located in front of the old niche. As for the mausoleum it lies to the west of El Sayeda Zeinab. It surrounded by a compartment glided with yellow golden copper and topped with a dome.

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Al Harrawi house Cairo Beit Al Oud Beit Al Harrawi

Al Harrawi house Cairo Egypt

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Al Harrawi House Cairo (Beit El Harrawi) built in 1731 by Ahmed Ben Youssef El Serafi. In fact, Al Harrawi House indeed is one of the fine examples of the Islamic houses representing the Ottoman era. The house named after its last owner, Abdel Rahman Al Harrawi. He was a doctor at Qasr El Ayini Medical School. Moreover, Al Harrawi House Cairo located in the heart of a well known quarter in Cairo. It is behind Al Azhar Mosque. Furthermore, the house situated between two narrow Haraa (Alley). They are Haret Al Madrassa and Zuqaq Al Ayini. In fact, several other Islamic houses and monuments found in the Darb El Ahmar surroundings. Furthermore, the house has a common wall with Sitt Wasila house. It is next to the Zeinab Khatoun house and to the Ghannamiah Hall.

Moreover, the house is also at a near distance is Al Ayini Mosque (15th century). Al Harrawi house’s main entrance is through Zuqaq Al Qasr alley. In fact, it no longer used. In spite of its importance, the house has a small street facade. Al Harrawi house’s southern facade is remarkable. This because of its height and a quite impressive large wooden Masshrabeyya. They show the presence of a Qaa on the first floor. Qaa means hall. The secondary entrance used nowadays was a later addition that dates back to the 19th century. It located right next to Sitt Wasila House. As you enter through the southern door, a long corridor leads you into the courtyard.

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In fact, the courtyard is an open air area controlling the entrance to all parts of the house. What is noticeable is the absence of a secondary space or porch which called “Maguaz”. It was one of the important Islamic design concepts which used to conceal the interior of the house. The women living in it. This tradition became less strict in the late 18th century. One of the main attractions of Al Harrawi House is the “Mandara”. It is a spacious sitting hall on the ground floor that occupies all the East wing of the house. The “Mandara” served as Male-guests reception area. It is a space that is quiet common in Islamic Houses. The “Mandara” designed in a manner consisting of three specific halls.

In fact, the entrance to this hall is always through the middle section which called the “Durqaa“. It is where you find an octagonal fountain decorated with mosaic pieces. The marble flooring and geometrical designs of the “Durqaa” are exceptional. Two “Iwan(s)” surround the fountain where one was always at a higher level. That is why the Master of the house could sit there in the middle of his guests. The ceiling ornamented with painted drawings. The walls-built-in cupboards in various colors distinguish those two “Iwans”. Iwans mean halls. Fountains were always the center of the “Qaa”. They were an essential element in Islamic building due to several reasons.

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In fact, during those times, spying was common. It believed that fountains and the noise of running water was a way to prevent curious spies. They overhear what said between others. Moreover, the fountain was also an important design concept functioning. It is a natural method for cooling air during hot summer days. On the first floor, the main Qaa occupies the southern part of the house. The predominant spread color is blue, which gives an wonderful artistic combination. The ceiling of this hall considered evolutionary in the construction methods. It is also in the decorations. The first floor of Al Harrawi House consists of the private rooms. They reached by unique stairs in the eastern side of the yard.

Just a few walls still remain on the second floor, only the rooms above the Mandara. In fact, they still stand intact. Al Harrawi house is one of a few that remained in good shape over the years. It restored several times by the French Comite de Conservation between 1920 and 1950. The Comite de Conservation known to have worked on many other Islamic monuments in Cairo. A French architect called Bernard Maurey restored the house. It was under the supervision of the French Institute of Oriental Archaeology. At the moment Al Harrawi House reused as a Cultural Center. It is where different cultural events, lectures musical gala and artistic expositions take place. In fact, the house Cairo also known as Beit Al Oud. Beit and Manzel mean house.

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Cave church Cairo Egypt

Cave Church Cairo Egypt

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Cave Church Cairo also known as Saint Simon monastery. It located in the Mokattam mountain in southeastern Cairo, Egypt. In fact, the church is in an area which known as “garbage city”. It is because of the large population of garbage collectors or Zabbaleen live there. In fact, Cave Church Cairo in Egypt indeed is one of the largest churches in the country. Moreover, The Cave church Cairo is a church where 20,000-plus Christians gather every week. It is to worship and praise Jesus. Cave church Cairo is place that’s home to one of the world’s oldest Christian communities.

In fact, the Zabbaleen are descendants of farmers who started migrating from Upper Egypt to Cairo. It was in the 1940. Fleeing poor harvests and poverty they came to the city looking for work. They set up makeshift settlements around the city. Moreover, they stuck to their tradition of raising pigs, goats, chickens and other animals. They found collecting and sorting of waste produced by the city residents more profitable. The Zabbaleen would sort through household garbage, salvaging and selling things of value. The organic waste provided an excellent source of food for their animals. In fact, this arrangement worked so well. The successive waves of migrants came from Upper Egypt to live and work. It was in the newly founded garbage villages of Cairo.

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For years, the makeshift settlements of the Zabbaleen moved around the city. They tried to avoid the municipal authorities. Moreover, a large group of Zabbaleen settled under the cliffs of the Mokattam at the eastern edge of the city. It has now grown from a population of 8,000 in the early 1980s to become 30,000 Zabbaleen inhabitants. Egypt is a Muslim majority country. Furthermore, the Zabbaleen are Coptic Christians, at least, 90 percent of them are. Christian communities are rare to find in Egypt. The Zabbaleen prefer to stay in Mokattam within their own religious community. It is even though many of them could afford houses elsewhere.

In fact, the church in Mokattam Village established in 1975. After the establishment of the Cave Church Cairo, Zabbaleen felt more secure in their location. They only then began to use more permanent building materials. It is such as stone and bricks, for their homes. They given their previous experience of eviction from Giza in 1970. Zabbaleen had lived in temporary tin huts up till that point. In 1976, a large fire broke out in Manshiyet Nasser. It led to the beginning of the construction of the first church below the Mokattam mountain. It was on a site of 1,000 square meters. Several more churches have built into the caves found in Mokattam. the Church of St. Simon is the largest with a seating capacity of 20,000. In fact, the Church of St. Simon in Mokattam is the largest church in the Middle East.

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Allegria Golf Course Cairo Egypt

Allegria Golf course Cairo Egypt

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Allegria Golf course Cairo is the first Norman-designed Golf course. It is Troon Golf’s first project in Egypt. In fact, it situated west of Cairo within SODIC’s award winning residential development. Allegria Golf course Cairo designed with young families and children in mind. Moreover, it comprises modern residential facilities set within acres of pristine parkland. Allegria Golf course Cairo provides a stunning backdrop for the development’s luxurious villas, townhouses and features state-of-the-art facilities. The facilities include clubhouse, Golf academy and driving range.

Allegria Golf course Cairo also features a five star boutique hotel. It also features luxurious spa. The spa located in the extensive list of the community’s amenities. In fcat, the 18-hole course managed by Troon Golf. Troon Golf is the world’s leading Golf management. It is also a development and marketing company. The golf course has designed to blend in the convivial and warm atmosphere of the Allegria community. The course thus peppered with natural elements. It serves as hazards, such as lakes, a stream, high rocks and lavish greenery. The golf course is 18 hole. The facilities include Clubhouse, Club Rental and Caddies.

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In fact, Allegria Golf course Cairo is near to El Hassana Dome National Park. The National Park is a unique geological formation in Giza, Egypt. It created 100 million years ago. Moreover, it designated a natural protectorate in 1989. It was by Prime Ministerial Decree 946/1989. It currently threatened by encroaching urbanization and construction works. Furthermore, the National Park located in the area of Abu Rawash which is 8 Kilometer from Giza Pyramids. It features geological importance and richness in fossils. It first discovered in the mid nineteenth century.

Moreover, Allegria Golf course Cairo is also near to Dreamland Golf course. Dreamland golf course located only few minutes from the Great Pyramids of Giza. It has designed by the famous Golf architect Karl Litten. Dreamland golf course is one of the longest in Egypt.It has a special pharaonic touch to it. The actual Giza pyramids are visible from some holes. The holes themselves have called names like Ramses the First! Challenges include mounding, lakes, trees and sand areas.

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Furthermore, Allegria Golf course Cairo is also near to Orange Lakes Golf club. The golf club situated on the Cairo to Alexandria desert road. It is just a short drive north of the capital. Moreover, it holds its name from the 5 enormous lakes covering a total area of 215.000 square meter. Orange Lakes Golf club threw its doors wide open for business. It is also for christening the course with a celebratory team shotgun competition. It is for a select group of invitees.

Allegria Golf course Cairo is also near to Hilton Pyramids Spa. In fact, the spa located at Hilton Pyramids Golf Resort. It is at 6 of October city. Moreover, it is minutes away from the hustle and bustle of Cairo city. Hilton Pyramids spa is 1800 square meters center. In fact, it is the ideal sanctuary for relaxation and well-being. It is an oasis of exceptional personal service and amenities!. Indulge in a hydro-thermal pool bath to release your neck and back tensions. It is before trying one of the various massages on offer. These performed by trained professionals. Hilton Pyramids spa facilities include all-year-around Heated Indoors Swimming Pool. It also features Heated Hydro-massage Pool, Sauna and Steam.

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Virgin Mary Apparitions Zeitoun Cairo

Virgin Mary apparitions Zeitoun Cairo

Virgin Mary apparitions Zeitoun Cairo information, tours, prices, booking

Virgin Mary apparitions Zeitoun Cairo took place in Virgin Mary church Zeitoun in Cairo, Egypt. In fact, the church built in 1924 and consecrated by Athanasious, bishop of Beni Suef in 1925. It didn’t fall into the category of buildings more than 100 years old and protected by law. Moreover, Virgin Mary church Zeitoun has fine architecture and the site of an acclaimed miracle. That is why it become a popular attraction for pilgrims. People from all around the world visit the church day and night. A great deal of time and effort has gone into its restoration, which has been going on since January 2000.

Virgin Mary appeared in Zeitoun hovering above Saint Mark’s Coptic Church. It was a shrine which dedicated to the Holy family. According to tradition, they rested in that place during their stay in Egypt. The apparition took place at night. Virgin Mary always surrounded by light. The mechanics and drivers of the garage all alarmed by some disturbance in the street. It was at 8:30 PM on Tuesday 2 April 1968. It was an hour and a half after sunset. The workmen ran to the street. They saw a young lady dressed in white on the church dome. Moreover, they saw her walking on the dome. They thought that she was about to throw herself down. So they cried: “Be careful.

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Take care, you may fall down, wait”. As the dome curved, no human being can walk on it. Some of the pedestrians who stood to watch the scene cried “Virgin Mary, Virgin Mary”. The garage workmen watching Virgin Mary apparitions Zeitoun Cairo were all Muslims. They looked on and they all became astonished. The lady who appeared in a luminous body, moved on the dome. She bowed and knelt before the cross. The Traffic in Tumanbay Street stopped. A big crowd of people stood to watch Virgin Mary apparitions Zeitoun Cairo. The workmen of the garage were on duty at that time. They all gave reports that ascertained and confirmed their witness. Father Costantin, the priest of the church did his report too.

The first man who saw her is Muslim. His name is Farouk Mohammed Atwa. He was undergoing operations for a case of gangrene. Next day, he went to hospital for his scheduled operation. He certified completely healed. Thus began three years of almost nightly visits by Mary. The visits heralded by extraordinary lights and immense clouds of incense. She seen sometimes vaguely, often quite, smiling, bowing and waving an olive branch. She also seen blessing, praying , holding fast or kneeling before the cross of Her Son. Virgin Mary apparitions Zeitoun Cairo, often lasting throughout the night.

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They photographed, televised and by millions. They written in the international secular and religious press. Moreover, they also seen by both religious and political dignitaries. They are such as Abdul Nasser, president of Egypt. Spellbound people, often rooted to the ground, prayed the Rosary and sang Christian hymns. Muslims chanted “Mary, God has chosen you above all women”. It written in the Koran. Some saw nothing. Many, many more saw it all, taking in Her radiance hour after hour. They watching and praying, going home to rest and returning. They finding y Her still there, watching and praying over them!

Pope Kyrillos VI (Cyril VI) entrusted a committee of high rank priests and bishops. It was to investigate the Virgin Mary apparitions Zeitoun Cairo. On Saturday, May 4, 1968, the Coptic Orthodox Church confirmed Virgin Mary apparitions Zeitoun. Pope Kyrillos VI also assigned documenting the apparitions and accompanying miracles to a committee. It headed by Anba Gregorios. He was the bishop of postgraduate studies, Coptic culture and scientific research. Virgin Mary apparitions Zeitoun also approved by the local Catholic Patriarch. Moreover, he was Cardinal Stephanos I (Stephen I). He stated that the Virgin Mary apparitions Zeitoun were beyond any doubt.

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They seen by many of his trustworthy Coptic Catholic children. Father Dr. Henry Ayrout was the rector of the Catholic Collège de la Sainte Famille in Cairo. He also declared his acceptance of the miraculous Virgin Mary apparitions Zeitoun Cairo. Furthermore, he stated that whether Catholic or Orthodox, we are all Her children and She loves us all. He also stated Her apparitions at the Zeitoun Coptic Orthodox Church confirmed this notion.Rev. Dr. Ibrahim Said was the head of all Protestant Evangelical Ministries in Egypt at the time. He affirmed that Virgin Mary apparitions Zeitoun Cairo were true.

Catholic nuns from the Sacred Heart church also confirmed Virgin Mary apparitions Zeitoun Cairo. They sent a detailed report to the Vatican. On the evening of Sunday, April 28, 1968, an envoy from the Vatican arrived. He saw Virgin Mary apparitions Zeitoun Cairo and sent a report to His Holiness Pope Paul VI of Rome. The incident resulted in such widespread press coverage. That is why Pope Shenouda III asked a Coptic businessman to sponsor a massive project. The project was to restore and renovate the church. The projected cost was 750,000 Egyptian pound. It included complete face-lift and restoration of the icons. Moreover, it also includes stencil decorations and the renovation of the wooden doors. It also included the iron bars on the windows. It also did the installation of new electrical and ventilation systems.

The Approval of Virgin Mary apparitions Zeitoun Cairo:

Virgin Mary apparitions Zeitoun Cairo approved firstly by the Patriarch of the Coptic Church in Egypt. Later on, they received approval by the Roman Catholic Church. Roman Catholic Cardinal Stephanos did all the investigations. He submitted them to Pope Paul VI in May 1968. Pope Paul VI approved them as a visitation of the Mother of God.

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Wadi Degla Cairo Egypt Degla Valley Cairo Egypt

Wadi Degla Cairo Egypt

Wadi Degla Cairo Egypt (Degla Valley) information, tours, prices, booking

Wadi Degla Cairo Egypt (Degla Valley) is one of the important valleys which extend from east to west. It located in Maadi area in Cairo, Egypt. Wadi Degla Cairo Egypt length is 30 km. Moreover, it passes through the limestone rocks that remained in the marine environment. It was during the Eocene Epoch in the eastern desert ( 60 million years ). Thus, it is rich with fossils. The height of these rocks alongside the valley is around 50 m. A group of valleys flew into Degla Valley Cairo Egypt. The valley has a group of mammals animals like dear, ta-ital and mountain rabbits. It also has red fox, feather tailed rat, oviparous, barbed rat, little tailed bat and others.

When you visit the Wadi Degla Cairo Egypt, you will see the construction debris and huge cement blocks. They dumped at the entrance to the Wadi. A couple of hundred meters there is what was once the mouth of the river. Beyond it, flies buzzed about heaps of what appeared to be cattle and poultry offal. Soon, swarms of flies and mosquitoes would have invaded the area. Two kilometers into the Wadi, its rugged natural beauty had become clear.

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Degla Valley in Cairo Egypt is a unique place to introduce Cairenes to nature. It is an excellent one day excursion for schools to organize. It provides an opportunity to educate and enlighten children about nature. In one or two hours, visitors can experience the remoteness and complexity of the desert. It is also a valuable site for Egyptian universities. They can conduct field research there in botany, zoology, geology and environmental science. The valley’s geological life goes back more than 50 million years to the Eocene epoch. The majestic cliffs to each side of the valley were the river banks. Degla valley itself was the river bed. The high cliffs are a powerful natural barrier even now. The cliffs protected the valley’s various life forms.

Degla Valley in Cairo Egypt is a perfect escape for hikers, bikers, rock climbers and nature lovers alike. Even for those who lack athletic prowess, the protected area is still worth a visit for a picnic. It is also to observe the phenomenal views from atop the plateaus. The Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency designated Wadi Degla Cairo as a protectorate area in 1999. It remains an almost pristine escape. The air feels clean and temperatures are cooler than in Downtown Cairo. The area is completely quiet and the city appears far in the distance. A short car ride can transport you from Cairo’s noise and crowds to absolute serenity and silence.

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Wadi Degla Cairo Egypt has something for everyone. Whether you’re an avid runner or somebody who just wants to take in the expansive desert views. If you seek an adventure that is worlds away from Cairo, Wadi Degla Cairo Egypt is your place. For directions, take the Autostrad road to Maadi, and turn east towards Zahraa El Maadi. Follow this road for 3 km until you come to a large mosque on your right. Turn right after the mosque. Turn left at the Wadi Degla Sporting Club. Follow this road and turn right before the Nissan Service Center. Drive until the Wadi Degla Cairo Egypt entrance. Taxi drivers in Maadi know how to get there. It is open every day until 6 PM. Entrance costs five Egyptian pound for foreigners and three Egyptian pound for Egyptians.

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Bent Pyramid Dahshur Cairo

Bent Pyramid Dahshur Egypt

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The Bent Pyramid Dahshur is an ancient Egyptian pyramid which located at the royal necropolis of Dahshur. In fact, it is 40 kilometers south of Cairo. The Bent Pyramid Dahshur built under the Old Kingdom Pharaoh Sneferu 2600 BC. Moreover, it indeed is a unique example of early pyramid development in Egypt. The Bent Pyramid Dahshur was the second pyramid which built by Sneferu. Furthermore, the Bent Pyramid Dahshur rises from the desert at a 54 degree inclination. The top section built at the shallower angle of 43 degrees. In fact, the Bent Pyramid Dahshur has ‘bent’ appearance. The Bent Pyramid Dahshur represents a transitional form between step-sided and smooth sided pyramids .

Moreover, the structure maybe begun to show signs of instability during construction. In fact, it was due to the steepness of the original angle of inclination. Furthermore, it forced the builders to adopt a shallower angle to avert the structure’s collapse. This theory based on that the adjacent Red Pyramid constructed at an angle of 43 degrees from its base. Red Pyramid built afterwards by the same Pharaoh. It contradicts the theory that at the initial angle the construction would take too long. It was because Sneferu’s death was nearing. That is why the builders changed the angle to complete the construction in time. The change of the angle made as a security precaution. It was reaction to a collapse of Meidum Pyramid while it was under construction.

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In fact, this theory suggested by Kurt Mendelssohn in 1974. Plan and elevation images of the Bent Pyramid Dahshur taken from a 3 dimension model. It is also unique among the ninety pyramids in Egypt. Its original polished limestone outer casing remains largely intact. Peter James was a British structural engineer. He attributes this to larger clearances between casing parts than used in later pyramids. These imperfections would work as expansion joints. They prevent the successive destruction of the outer casing by thermal expansion. The Bent Pyramid Dahshur has two entrances. The first one is low down on the north side. It is a large wooden stairway. It has built for the convenience of tourists. The second entrance is high on the west face of the pyramid. In fact, each entrance leads to a chamber with a high, cor-belled roof.

The northern entrance leads to a chamber. The chamber located below the ground level. The western entrance leads to a chamber built in the body of the pyramid itself. There is a hole in the roof of the northern chamber. It leads via a rough connecting passage to the passage from the western entrance. It accessed today by a high and rickety ladder 15 m (50 ft) long. The western entrance passage blocked by two stone blocks. They were not lowered vertically as in other pyramids. They slid down 45° ramps to block the passage. One of these lowered in antiquity. A hole has cut through it. The other remains propped up by a piece of ancient cedar wood. The connecting passage referenced above enters the passage between the two portcullises.

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Abusir Pyramids Cairo Egypt

Abusir Pyramids Cairo Egypt

Abusir Pyramids Cairo Egypt, tours, Booking

Abusir Pyramids Cairo located on the western bank of the Nile, 25 kilometer southwest of Cairo, Egypt. In fact, Abusir Pyramids consisted of fourteen pyramids from the 5th Dynasty. Moreover,  Abusir called the site of the forgotten kings of the 5th Dynasty. These kings do not have the fame of their predecessors from the 4th Dynasty. Abusir Pyramids in Cairo site closed for many years to visitors. But, it is now open to the public. A northern extension made to the Sakkara necropolis. It was sometime during the Fifth Dynasty. The extension in the area called Abusir. By this time, tombs on the grandiose scale of the Fourth Dynasty were nonexistent. It was due to the decentralization of power from the pharaoh and the increase in the power of the nobility.

In fact, Abusir was not an oft used royal burial site. Though, the tomb of the Third Dynasty King Sekhemkhet unearthed there. It was in the 1950s. Userkaf was the first pharaoh of the Fifth Dynasty. He built his pyramid at Sakkara. In addition,  four of his successors had also their tombs at Abusir. Yet Userkaf had built at Abusir before, not a tomb, but a temple. In fact, King Userkaf’s temple of the Sun is the earliest preserved Sun Temple in Egypt. Moreover,  it is one of only two from the Old Kingdom that remain. The other built by Neuserre at Abu Ghurob. It is the northernmost monument at Abusir. Its location somewhat removed from the other structures. Furthermore, Userkaf ruled for only seven years. That is why he was unable to complete the construction.

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In fact, the design of the temple is simple. The lack of relief decoration is a sharp contrast to the lavish temples that came later. It indeed modeled after the Sun Temple at Heliopolis. Furthermore, the Sun Temple is a second temple at a lower elevation. The temple also called the Valley Temple.  In fact, it is uncertain what function this temple had. It is because the Sun temple appears to be self-contained. Schott and Ricke have proposed that it connected with the worship of the goddess Neith. Goddess Neith cult became popular in the Memphis area during the Fifth Dynasty.

In fact, Abusir Pyramids are modest when compared to the mightiness of the Giza monuments. Indeed, they would be impressive if they completed. Moreover, the prime building material of Abusir Pyramids were the local limestone. Tura limestone used for casing stones and for relief work. Furthermore, the pathways and pavements made of black basalt. The columns and lintels made of red granite from Aswan. What the Abusir Pyramids lacked in grandiosity they made up for in aesthetic appeal. Nearby are the mastabas, the flat tombs of priests, nobles and prominent citizens. Rather than being “huddled up” near the base of the Pyramids, these grouped into their own areas. It was possibly by class or occupation. In fact, Abusir used only occasionally to bury pharaohs. Mastabas were popular burial site among certain classes, especially the priesthood.

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In fact, around fourteen Pyramids estimated to be at Abusir. But due to a degradation in construction methods, many have crumbled. It possibly to the point where they are now indistinguishable from the surrounding rubble. Many remain not found, but four of them excavated and studied . Moreover, of these four, only the Pyramids of Kings Sahure and Neferirkare are in stable condition. Niuserre pyramid has collapsed. Neferefre pyramid does not appear ever to have finished. Furthermore, Neferefre’s pyramid is not completely without merit. A Czech expedition working to excavate and restore Abusir. It found papyrus fragments in its mortuary temple.

In fact, Neferirkare’s pyramid was once much like the true Pyramids of Giza. The poor masonry and vandalism have left it looking more like the Step Pyramid of Zoser. In the Nineteenth century the famed Abusir papyri discovered nearby. They represented a monumental find. Papyri were everyday documents. They detailing finances, temples inventories, taxes, collections and expenditures. They also gave a focused look into the daily life and the work of the ancient Egyptians.

Here under more details about the four major Abusir Pyramids:

1-Sahura pyramid of Abusir Pyramids:

In fact, Sahura was the first to build himself a pyramid complex. It regarded as a milestone in the development of royal tombs. The dimensions of his pyramid are smaller than those of the forth dynasty pyramids. His mortuary and valley temples achieved greater importance. The funerary monument of Sahura from 2487-2475 BC. In fact, it is the most complete of the four royal burials at Abusir. It is the quintessential fifth Dynasty pyramid complex. Furthermore, it consists of valley temple, causeway, mortuary temple and pyramid. The imposing portico of the mortuary temple gave access to a large courtyard. It is with a well preserved basalt paved floor and a colonnade. The colonnade consists of sixteen red granite palm columns. They now destroyed.

The remains of the original limestone walls are fine painted decoration. They have transferred to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo and the Bode museum in Berlin. The mortuary Temple designed with finely worked building materials. The red granite used for the palm columns. walls decorated with superb poly-chrome scenes in low relief. They showed mythical scenes of the ruler victories. The victories are in battle against Egypt’s traditional enemies. They also show hunting scenes and ships. Beyond the colonnade were a series of store rooms surrounding the ‘statue chamber’. They are where the king statues stood in niches. Next to the pyramid was the sanctuary with its alabaster altar. Sahure’s valley temple on the edge of the desert served as a landing place. It linked to the Nile by a canal. A causeway led from this temple to the mortuary temple.

2-Neferirkara Pyramid of Abusir Pyramids:

Neferirkara ruled from 2492-2482 BC. Neferirkara Pyramid located on the most elevated site in the cemetery. The pyramid changed in the course of construction from a stepped into a true pyramid. Its height is 74 meters. The pyramid left unfinished as a result of the rulers premature death . His mortuary temple constructed of mud bricks and wood. It was by his sons and heirs, Neferirkara and Newoserra .

At the end of the nineteenth century tomb robbers discovered a papyrus archive. It called the first Abusir Archive in the storage rooms of the• mortuary temple. The papyri date back to the reign of Issesi to that of Pepi II. It consists of rotas for temple personnel, inventories of cult objects and letters. These record date back to the last part of the fifth dynasty to the end of the sixth. Neferirkara’s causeway usurped by Nyuscrra. Nyuscrra diverted it to his own mortuary temple. On the southern side of Neferirkara pyramid is smaller pyramid complex. It belongs to his wife, Khentkawes II . Valuable finds from the queen’s mortuary temple have included many papyrus fragments.

3- Neferefre Pyramid of Abusir Pyramids in Cairo:

Neferirkare is the eldest son of Neferefre. He ruled for only two years. His unfinished pyramid changed into a mastaba. An architectural unique mortuary temple built of mud bricks. A cult abattoir, known as “the Sanctuary of the Knife.”. It connected with that mortuary temple. Fragments of pyramid foundations have uncovered between Sahure’s pyramid and Userkar’s sun temple. They attributed to Neferefre’s ephemeral successor.

4- Nyuserre Ini’s Pyramid of Abusir Pyramids in Cairo Egypt:

Newoserra built his pyramid at the northeastern corner of Neferirkare Pyramid. The open courtyard of Nyuserre Ini mortuary temple adorned with Papyrus-form. Th columns made of red granite with relief decoration. Repulnub, does not appear to buried in the vicinity of her husband’s tomb. Her tomb may be one of the pyramid complexes that constructed in that time. Excavations in pyramid 24 have provided valuable information about its mode or construction. The name of its owner remains unknown. Nyuserre Ini’s successor, Mekauhor, abandoned the Abusir necropolis. Other members of the royal family of that time also buried in the vicinity of the pyramids.

The largest of their tombs belonged to the vizier Ptahshepses. Nyuserre Ini’s son-in-Iaw; that twice extended mastaba almost rivaled the royal complexes in size. During the First Intermediate Period. There were no royal mortuary cults at Abusir. Although brieny revived at the beginning of the Middle Kingdom. From this period to the late period, Abusir became a cemetery for the common people. A cemetery in southwestern Abusir built to contain huge shaft tombs. They date back to the end of the twenty sixth dynasty. Among them was the tomb of Udjahorresnet. Chancellor of Egypt Persian kings. His tomb constructed with a cunning system of linked shafts and filled with sand. This supposed to prevent access to the burial chamber.

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Red Pyramid Dahshur Cairo

Red Pyramid Dahshur Cairo Egypt

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The Red Pyramid Dahshur Cairo has the largest base after Khufu pyramid. It located 40 kilometers south of Cairo. Each side of the Red Pyramid Dahshur Cairo measures 722 feet. Moreover, its sides sloping at 43 degrees 22′. The Red Pyramid Dahshur Cairo is the fourth highest pyramid which built in Egypt. It has 160 layers of stone. In fact, the Red Pyramid Dahshur Cairo was the first successful, true, cased Pyramid which built in Egypt. The Red Pyramid Dahshur Cairo built by Snefru who was Khufus’s father. Moreover, it has no crowds and circus atmosphere like the Giza Plateau. Moreover, it currently entered without limitation. It is only a short drive from Sakkara and only a brief drive from Cairo.

In fact, the Red Pyramid gets its name from the reddish limestone which used to build most of its core. Moreover, it also sometimes referred to as the Shining or Northern Pyramid. Several layers of fine white limestone used to lay the pyramid’s foundation. It was the learning from prior mistakes of earlier pyramids. Tura limestone used as casing stone to cover the pyramid. Though some casing still remains, most has removed. Every twentieth casing stone discovered had inscriptions on the back sides. Some inscribed with the cartouche of Snefru. The others had inscriptions in red paint naming the various work crews.

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In fact, they are such as the “Green Gang” or the “Western Gang”. Snefru’s cartouche was an important discovery. It was since there are no identifying inscriptions within the pyramid. Perhaps greater importance is the fact that some of the casing dated. It gives clues to how long the pyramid took to build. It is also the sequence of work that took place. According to this, the pyramid begun between 22-29 year of Snefru’s reign. Within four years, 30 percent of Red Pyramid had completed. The entire pyramid finished in about seventeen years.

East of the Red Pyramid Dahshur Cairo is what remains of a mortuary temple. Besides to the first capstone (Pyramidion) ever found belonging to an Old Kingdom Pyramid. It recovered in fragments and reconstructed. The mortuary temple itself is significant. It was because Snefru pioneered the east west alignment of Egyptian Temples to match the path of the sun. Like most Egyptian Pyramids, the only entrance is in the north side. Furthermore, it leads to a 206 foot passage descends at an angle of 27 degrees to the first chamber. The first chamber has a cor-belled (step) ceiling with a height of about 40 feet. In fact, all three of the chambers in this pyramid have cor-belled ceilings. They are with between eleven and fourteen layers.

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Even with some two million tones of stone above, this ceiling design is so strong. In fact, there are no cracks or structural problems even today. Moreover, a short passage on the south side of the first chamber leads to a second chamber. These first two chambers located at the ground level. The third chamber is higher. Moreover, it built within the masonry of the pyramid itself. The second chamber is unusual. It lies under the apex of the pyramid, or center point of the pyramid. It is one of the only Pyramids in Egypt to have this design layout. The final chamber has an entrance passageway. It is about 25 feet above the floor of the second chamber. It can accessed by a staircase (of modern construction).

Furthermore, the passageway leads to the final chamber is 23 feet long. Egyptology men believe this final chamber intended to be the actual burial chamber. Moreover, the room is approximately 14 feet by 27 feet. Its cor-belled ceiling rising to a height of 50 feet. The floor has excavated in an unsuccessful attempt to find other passageways.

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Hilton Pyramids Spa Cairo Egypt

Hilton Pyramids Spa Cairo Egypt

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Hilton Pyramids spa Cairo located at Hilton Pyramids Golf Resort. It is at 6 of October city. Moreover, it is minutes away from the hustle and bustle of Cairo city. Hilton Pyramids spa is also 1800 square meters center. It is the ideal sanctuary for relaxation and well-being. In fact, it is an oasis of exceptional personal service and amenities!. Indulge in a hydro-thermal pool bath to release your neck and back tensions. It is before trying one of the various massages on offer. These performed by trained professionals. Hilton Pyramids spa Cairo facilities include all-year-around Heated Indoors Swimming Pool. It also features Heated Hydro-massage Pool, Sauna and Steam.

Hilton Pyramids spa Cairo features fitness room and Studio. It has 14 treatment cabins and up standard spa equipment (dry area and wet area). The mission is to give each client an experience that is beyond expectations. It offers outstanding service and a complete professional range of Sothys Paris signature. It features tailored facials, hydro-therapy and aromatherapy-oils based spa therapy. They are for body and mind well-being. Hilton Pyramids spa offers exclusive European methods and Sothys offers original. They targeted answers to all your skin concerns. The unique facial treatments combine high technology formulas. A cocktail of active ingredients to smooth, firm, revitalize and illuminate the skin.

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Hilton Pyramids spa Cairo also offers Hydro-therapy. In fact, it is a therapeutic whole body treatment. Moreover, it involves moving and exercising in water-physiotherapy in a pool. Heal your body from pain and stress in the wonderful Heated Hydro-massage pool. Furthermore, Hilton Pyramids spa Cairo also offers a combination of heat and various water-jets. Furthermore, it increase circulation and stimulate the body’s natural cycle of recuperation and healing. It is besides to Hydro-massage Bath. It is combining the therapeutic power of water with mineral and sea salts.

Hilton Pyramids spa Cairo also offers an experience Serenity, Wellness and Harmony. It is for the body and mind as well. Moreover, it is via a multi-sensorial experience. It features luxurious creams, oils and scrubs with delicate scents. Furthermore, all them to envelop the skin to unveil a beautiful, healthy looking complexion. Hilton Pyramids spa is near to Dreamland Golf course. Dreamland golf course located only few minutes from the Great Pyramids of Giza. It has designed by the famous Golf architect Karl Litten. Dreamland golf course is one of the longest in Egypt.It has a special pharaonic touch to it. The actual Giza pyramids are visible from some holes. The holes themselves have called names like Ramses the First! Challenges include mounding, lakes, trees and sand areas.

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Hilton Pyramids spa Cairo is near to Dream Park. It is the leading amusement Park in Egypt & the Middle East. The Park established in 1999. It designed by The Famous Canadian Architecture Company. You can enjoy the Spa after a day in the Dream Park. Hilton Pyramids spa is also near to Giza Plateau. Giza Plateau located only a few kilometers south of Cairo. It is several hundred meters from the last houses in the southernmost part of the city proper. Giza Plateau is where a limestone cliff rises from the other side of a sandy desert plateau. You can start your day by a short visit to Giza Plateau. It is before you start your wonderful relaxation at the Spa center. Hilton Pyramids Spa is also near to the Great Sphinx. Great Sphinx statue is the first colossal royal sculpture in Egypt.

It is a national symbol of Egypt, both ancient and modern. Moreover, it has stirred the imagination of poets, scholars, adventurers and tourists for centuries. It also inspired a wealth of speculation about its age, its meaning, and the secrets that it might hold. The Sphinx word means strangler. It was first which given by the Greeks to a fabulous creature. It is which had the head of a woman, the body of a lion and the wings of a bird. In Egypt, there are many sphinxes. They are usually with the head of a king wearing his headdress and the body of a lion. It good idea that after you spend your day visiting Sphinx, to go the that spa center to relax!

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