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Sulayman Al Silahdar mosque Cairo

Sulayman Al Silahdar mosque

  • Sulayman Al Silahdar mosque
  • Sulayman Al Silahdar mosque
  • Sulayman Al Silahdar mosque
  • Sulayman Al Silahdar mosque
  • Sulayman Al Silahdar mosque

Sulayman Al Silahdar mosque Cairo Egypt tours, prices, booking

Sulayman Al Silahdar mosque Cairo situated in Qasaba district. It is northward Darb El Asfar in Cairo. The mosque established by Prince Sulayman. He occupied many prominent posts in the days of Mohammed Ali. Moreover, these posts include the Armor or the supervisor of the arsenal. He credited to building other buildings in Cairo at that time. In fact, the mosque distinguished by the variety of decorations. Moreover, it combines between the Cairene style of decoration and other styles from Istanbul. This appears in the facade’s decoration and the windows over it.

Besides to the plant forms and the wooden eaves that appear in the mosque and the Sabil alike. Moreover, the interior plan of Sulayman Al Silahdar mosque consists of a central courtyard. It also divided into three main aisles and forecourt. Both of them directed to Mecca. Furthermore, next to the entrance, there is a balustrade for reciting Holy Quran. The mosque has shallow keel-shaped arcades. They support the interior plan. The large marble inlaid Mihrab. In the upper floor of the mosque one can find the Malqaf. Malqaf is window scope. It designed for allowing the fresh air to enter the mosque.

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The mosque dates back to 1839. It renowned for its “pencil-like” minaret. It is a tall and thin structure and which built in the Ottoman style. The mosque appears so elegant. This is because of the mixture of Ottoman, Cairene and other unexpected architectural styles. You might even spot some Baroque features on the mosque’s pillars. The refined window grills featuring arabesque patterns. They are also something you should pay attention to. The mosque also includes a beautiful round Sabil. The fountain not located under the Kuttab, but next to it.

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Sultan Qalawun complex Cairo

Sultan Qalawun complex Cairo

  • Sultan Qalawun complex Cairo
  • Sultan Qalawun complex Cairo
  • Sultan Qalawun complex Cairo
  • Sultan Qalawun complex Cairo
  • Sultan Qalawun complex Cairo
  • Sultan Qalawun complex Cairo

Sultan Qalawun complex Cairo Egypt tours, prices, booking

Sultan Qalawun complex Cairo includes mosque, Madrasa, Mausoleum and Muristan. Madrasa means school and Muristan means hospital. Sultan Qalawun complex Cairo located in Al Muiz Le Din Alla Street. It is in the area of Bein El Qasrein in Cairo. The complex features decoration in the facade and an interior plan. In fact, they highlight the influence of the Syrian style. The inscription on the complex highlights that it was Sultan El-Malek El-Mansour. He was one of the Tatar or Mongol who enslaved by El-Saleh Ayyub to be his retainers or Mamluks. In fact, they known as the Bahri Mamluks. It is since they lived on the Rodah Island on the Nile in the river citadel of El-Saleh. In fact, Qalawun served as the Sultan of Egypt in 1279. Moreover, he died in 1290 during his battle against the Crusaders in Acre.

In fact, the most attractive things in Sultan Qalawun complex Cairo are indeed the portal, facade and Minaret. Moreover, the portal decorated with interlocking poly-chrome. The facade preceded by many stair-steps with Thuluth inscriptions on it. Furthermore, it also divided into several bays with arches and double-tiered windows. The Minaret of the complex has a notable design. The lower part has a square shape. The top story ornamented with stucco carvings. Moreover, the middle part designed on the Syrian style. Next to the lower part of the Minaret one can see a Malqaf or wind scoop. In fact, it helps in allowing the fresh air to get into the building.

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The complex hospital indeed was one of the most prominent structure at that time. It equipped and supplied with a great number of skillful doctors. They treated all the known diseases including dysentery and fevers. The school at Sultan Qalawun complex supplied also with various means of entertainment. This is to please the patients such as music. One can see the hospital of Qalawun in front of Khesrew Sabil. It opens with a gateway that leads to a beautiful walk with trees on its either sides. The site of the old hospital occupied now by a clinic of eye diseases. The original hospital was consisting of four arched aisles and many rooms. The rooms were surrounding a central aisle. Some parts of this building ruined now. But it is worth to visit for its carved forms around the windows and the remaining three arched aisles.

In fact, the mosque at Sultan Qalawun complex Cairo stands on one of the sides of the main street. Its facade appears between the hospital and the mausoleum. The portal of the Madrasa distinguished by its bronze polygon. And also Mamluk buildings’ doors. The ceiling beamed and offered. The interior plan of the Madrasa consists of a central courtyard with two aisles at the end of it. The arched eastern aisle of the Madrasa evokes the style of the basilican churches in Syria. This is obvious in its classical pillars. And the decoration of the double – tiered arches. There are also beautiful stucco decorations in the Madrasa. At the end of this eastern aisle stands the Mihrab that is rich glass mosaic ornaments.

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The Mausoleum at Sultan Qalawun complex Cairo found in the right side of the main entrance of the complex. The cenotaph is remarkable . This because of its unusual height and the variety of decorations. And also because of the design that distinguish the Mamluk style in the following period. The tomb features beautiful stucco carvings. They ornament the arches and the handsome wooden Mashrabiya door. From inside, the tomb has an octagon in a square shape. It supported with piers and Granite columns. The columns that were from the palace of El-Saleh Ayyub in El Roda. The ceiling offered and beamed, while the walls beautified with marble patterns. The panels inlaid with poly-chrome stone in geometric patterns. The arches of the shrine ornamented with stucco carvings.

The Mihrab of the mausoleum is facing the Qibla. It inlaid in poly-chrome marble, blind arcade and mosaic niches. The cenotaph ornamented with a beautiful Mashrabiya screen. It involves the body of Sultan Qalawun and his successor Al Nasir Mohammad. The interior design of the mausoleum is eye-catching. It is because the thickness of the Qibla wall is different from the other walls. The aim of that is to make the interior part directed to the Mecca. It is while the outer face of it goes in parallel to the street. In 1869, this mausoleum restored. The outer part of it painted in bright and harmonious colors. It fade away now and this makes it look more beautiful.

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Sultan Hassan mosque Cairo

Sultan Hassan mosque Cairo

  • Sultan Hassan mosque Cairo
  • Sultan Hassan mosque Cairo
  • Sultan Hassan mosque Cairo
  • Sultan Hassan mosque Cairo
  • Sultan Hassan mosque Cairo
  • Sultan Hassan mosque Cairo

Sultan Hassan mosque Cairo Egypt tours, prices, booking

Sultan Hassan mosque Cairo is a massive Mamluk era mosque. In fact, it located near the Citadel in Cairo. Its construction began in 1356. The work in Sultan Hassan mosque Cairo finished three years later. In fact, Sultan Hassan mosque was remarkable for its fantastic size and innovative architectural components. Sultan Hassan mosque designed to include schools for all four of the Sunni schools. They are Shafi’i, Malki, Hanafi and Hanbali. Sultan Hassan’s low profile seems inconsistent with the massive undertaking that was his mosque. The mosque’s grandeur makes sense given Sultan Hassan’s dramatic life. In fact, Sultan Hassan ascended the throne at the age of 13 in 1347. When he reached maturity in 1350, he arrested the Amir Manjaq.

Amir Manjaq controlled all the state’s affairs. Before that arrest, the Amir restricted to an allowance of just one hundred dirham per day. This pocket change collected by servants for the Sultan. At that time, the Amir Shaykhoun as estimated to have an income of 200,000 dirham per day. This deprivation may viewed as a prompt for his later extravagance. Upon taking over the reins, Sultan Hassan placed people of his own favor into positions of power. This happened at the expense of dignitaries currently in position. It upset many of them. Discontented Amirs arrested the Sultan in 1351, held him in jail for three years. They promoted his brother Salih to the throne. Hassan spent his time in jail studying and his obituaries commented on his learning as a result.

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He returned to power and again reshuffled the ruling establishment attempting to solidify power. Sultan Hassan assassinated by his commander in chief of the army, Yalbugha Al Umari. In fact, the commander was Mamluk and was not loyal. The commander rebelled against Sultan. That was because of Sultan’s extravagance in spending fortunes on women. A contemporary Syrian historian, Ibn Kathir, backed this reputation. Ibn Kathir blamed the sultan for his greed and squandering of public funds. The lavish expenses noted coincide with the Sultan’s extensive mosque. After his assassination, Sultan Hassan’s body hidden. It never found. Sultan Hassan mosque Cairo never served its purpose.

In fact, little information is available about the construction of the mosque. The source available is Al Maqrizi writing six decades later. He had access to access to administrative documents that are unavailable to historians today. Maqrizi mentions that the construction of the mosque cost 30,000 dirham every day. It made it the most expensive mosque in medieval Cairo. Financing for Sultan Hassan mosque Cairo paid by the austerity of Manjaq. It paid also by extortion from subjects and by Shaykhoun’s wealth. Even the Sultan may have considered the mosque of too great an expense. An inscription on the mosque notes the name of Amir Mohammed ibn Biylik. He was a supervisor of the construction of the mosque.

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His name placed near Sultan Hassan’s in the inscription. The supervisor’s name alongside the patron’s demonstrated how massive an undertaking the mosque was. The emir’s high standing otherwise was another sign of this prestige. Other labor for Sultan Hassan mosque Cairo restricted by the population loss. It was because of the Black Death. But as this was such a large undertaking, it attracted craftsmen from all over the Mamluk Empire. The construction of the minarets is of particular interest. Plans called for four minarets, but only three ever constructed. One of the minarets collapsed and three hundred people killed. Al Maqrizi noted that the minaret’s fall ignited conversation across Cairo and Fustat about the impending downfall of the state.

Al Maqrizi noted also that a poet wrote lines in response. They said that the fall of the minaret meant that God was present in it. The conversations in the public came to fruition. Sultan Hassan’s assassination followed the minaret’s fall by thirty-three days. Construction of Sultan Hassan mosque Cairo continued after the Sultan’s death. But it still never completed. Sultan Hassan mosque built close to the Citadel. It is on the site of the Palace of Yalbugha al Yahawws. This meant as a pleasing site for the Sultan to look down on from his palace in the Citadel. During the medieval era, an open space connected the mosque and the Citadel. This proximity and the mosque’s sturdiness gave the mosque a unique strategic significance. Ibn Ilyas reported that it used by Mamluk rebels as a fort to attack the Citadel from.

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Mamluk rebels began to bombard the Citadel from there. For this reason, the Sultan Janbulat tried to demolish the mosque. After three days of attempted demolition, he had little success and gave up. In fact, Sultan Barquq demolished the stairs to the two minarets. It was to make it less useful in attacks against the Citadel. The sheer size of Sultan Hassan mosque Cairo set it apart. Al Maqrizi noted that the height of the large iwan was superlative. It measured 65 cubits, five higher than Iwan of Kusraw at Al Mada’in in Iraq.

Several unique features about the mosque should also noted. The great dome not equaled in Egypt, Syria, Morocco and Yemen. Despite the thickness of the mausoleum walls, the dome made of wood. Sultan Hassan mosque’s dome was of an uncommon shape, that of an egg. The positioning of the mausoleum between two minarets was quite novel. Four minarets planned, but they never completed. This was an exceptional number for a mosque. The design of the twin portal minarets was uncommon as was the gigantic size of the mosque. Sultan Hassan mosque is the only instance of chinoiserie in Mamluk architecture. The setup of Sultan Hassan mosque Cairo was novel as well. The mausoleum placed behind the prayer hall. This might have thought profane, but it was not at the time.

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