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Wadi El Natrun

Wadi El Natrun Egypt

Wadi El Natrun Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

Wadi El Natrun is a northwest oriented desert depression. Moreover, Wadi El Natrun located about 60 km in the Western Desert near the delta. Wadi El Natrun lies some 23 m below sea level. The lakes fed from the water table of the Nile dot the landscape. Wadi El Natrun also known as area for bird watching. Furthermore, Wadi El Natrun contains a series of nine small lakes. Its total area 200 km, scattered along its general axis. Juncus and Cyperus dominate the wet salt marshes on the waterlogged eastern shores. This creates one of the most characteristic and attractive habitats for water birds.

The history of the Wadi El Natrun and its importance to Coptic Christians, dates back to the 4th century AC. Christianity reached the area with St. Macarius the Great who retreated there in 330 AC. At that time, the monastic life not yet developed. During this period, holy men were hermits, living outside social structures. The reputation of St. Macarius attracted followers and they built cells nearby. They began a loose confederation of monastic communities. Many of these early settlers from Nitria, followed the Christian hermit lifestyle. Hence, Scetis was less a place of innovation than a locus of consolidation.

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In fact, monasticism developed a form of semi anchoritism there. Moreover, hermits lived in cells or caves comprising two or more rooms, one of which functioned as an oratory. A new monk apprenticed himself to an experienced desert father and became his disciple. Monks earned their living by plying crafts, especially basketry and rope making. On Saturday and Sunday the monks go to the church to celebrate Mass. Sometimes they take a Sunday meal in common. In end of the fourth century the of Christian settlers became four monastic communities. They were the monasteries of (old) Baramus, Macarius, Bishoi and John the Little.

Furthermore, the monasteries were collections of individual cells and dwellings which centered on specific churches. They developed into enclosures with walls and watchtowers for protection. That was because, like Nitria and Kellia, Scetis was at times subject to raids from desert nomads. The nomads of the Libyan desert sacked and destroyed the monasteries of Wadi El Naturn in 407, 434 and 444. Indeed, raids at the end of the sixth century almost depopulated the area. The monks built towers to live in. In the ninth century, they erected walls to fortify their monasteries. Many of monks were living outside the walls of the enclosed monasteries. Later on, the monks began to leave their scattered cells to live in the fortified monasteries.

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In fact, in the fourteenth century, monastic life became more cenobitic. That was because the monks went to the enclosure walls for protection. The plague decimated many residents in the monastery during the Middle Ages. The organizations of monks grew up and forced to be together by common needs. Each of the monasteries had a council. One of the council’s responsibilities was to communicate with the external world. The council was also responsible for keeping the general discipline in the monastery. Because of a poll tax on the monks from 705 onward, monasticism began to decline.

Nowadays, four active Monasteries remain at Wadi El Natrun. They are Baramous monastery, St. Bishoi Monastery, St. Makarius monastery and Suryan monastery. The monasteries welcome visitors, irregardless of their faith. The monks are in general friendly. Usually, most of the areas within the monasteries can visited. There is no problem taking photographs most anywhere, including inside the ancient churches. Wadi Naturn is a quick, easy journey from Cairo.

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Giza Zoo Cairo Egypt

Giza Zoo Cairo Egypt

Giza Zoo Cairo Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

Giza Zoo Cairo indeed is one of the most beautiful zoos in the world. In fact, it is the most inhabited by the various animal and plant species. Moreover, Giza Zoo Cairo area is about 80 acres. The zoo located near the west bank of the Nile. Its northern tip overlooks Cairo University. Giza Zoo Cairo not far from Cairo Downtown and it linked to it by many buses. In fact, Giza Zoo Cairo is under the supervision of the Ministry of Agriculture in Egypt. Khedive Ismail was the ruler of Egypt from 1863-1879. He supposed to open Giza Zoo Cairo on the occasion of the inauguration of Suez Canal. It was in 1869. He could not do so because the lack of time. On March 1891, Giza Zoo Cairo opened for the public.

The zoo distinguished for its rare imported plants and walks. They paved with colored pebbles. Moreover, they set in beautiful mosaic pictures. Giza Zoo also distinguished for its streams, lakes and bridges. It also does for hilly habitats for the various animals that it houses. These hilly areas planted with cactus trees and the rare cactus fruit. Egypt’s moderate climate helped to preserve the lives of animals from different regions. There is no need to use air conditioning for cooling or warming. Giza Zoo Cairo is indeed a huge exhibition of African wild life. It is a habitat for many species of animals and birds which are now extinct in Egypt. They restored to their original environments from which they were extinct. Among these are mountain goats, rams, Egyptian gazelles and heron.

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Giza Zoo Cairo comprised of five hilly areas. The greatest called the Citadel Hill which constructed in 1867. Moreover, it decorated with various statues of the extinct Fayoum rhinoceros, crocodiles and strange Birds. Its plateau coveredwith a small park that could reached by means of a spiral path. Giza Zoo Cairo comprises plant covered walks. It has many of streams. There is a hall in its center as a resting place. It also has various statues of Birds and reptiles. They made of cement and pebbles. The streams flow through caves with white coral reefs. They hanging down, into waterfalls that lead to a lake with two islands. They connected with a wooden bridge.

In front of the lions’ house there are two artificial hills. They connected with a rare iron suspended bridge. In fact, it is the only one in Egypt. Besides to many animals in the garden, there is a museum which built in 1906. In fact, it consists of three big halls. The halls exhibit large groups of Egyptian and foreign embalmed Birds. They also exhibit reptiles, fish and animals as well as skeletons.

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There are also two other halls exhibiting various kinds of animals, reptiles, and Birds. An embalming factory located behind the museum for such purposes. Giza Zoo Cairo is also an institute where scientists study the behavior of animals and Birds. There are five non governmental organizations. They carry out campaigns to encourage people to preserve wild life. They also promote environment awareness in Egypt.

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