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Senusret I Obelisk Fayoum Egypt

Senusret I Obelisk Fayoum

Senusret I Obelisk Fayoum, information, tours, prices, booking

Senusret I Obelisk located in Fayoum city, Egypt. In fact, Senusret I Obelisk made of the red red granite. Nowadays, the obelisk stands in Gamal Abdul Nasser square in Fayoum city. Gamal Abdul Nasser road. Moreover. Senusret I Obelisk features has inscriptions on it, but they are hardly visible. The inscriptions mention Senusert, Horus, Amun, Isis and more. Furthermore, Senusret I Obelisk is 13 meter high and has a round top. The Obelisk built for Senusret I (1971 – 1926 BC). Later, it placed here to honor a project of fertilization of the region. Senusret I (also Sesostris I and Senwosret I) was the second pharaoh of the Twelfth Dynasty of Egypt.

He ruled from 1971 to 1926 BC. In fact, he was one of the most powerful kings of this Dynasty. Moreover, he was the son of Amenemhat I and his wife Nefertitanen. His wife and sister was Neferu. She was also the mother of the successor Amenemhat II. Sesostris I known by his prénom, Kheperkare, which means “the Ka of Re created”. He continued his father’s aggressive expansionist policies against Nubia. In fact, it was by initiating two expeditions into this region in his 10th and 18th years. Moreover, established Egypt‘s formal southern border near the second cataract. It is where he placed a garrison and a victory stele. He also organized an expedition to a Western Desert oasis in the Libyan desert. Senwosret I established diplomatic relations with some rulers of towns in Syria and Canaan.

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He also tried to centralize the country’s political structure. In fact, it was by supporting Nomarchs who were loyal to him. His pyramid constructed at El Lisht. Furthermore, Senwosret I mentioned in the Story of Sinuhe. In fact, he rushed back to the royal palace in Memphis from a military campaign in Asia. In fact, he returned after hearing about the assassination of his father, Amenemhat I. Senusret I obelisk once was part of a temple in the vanished cult center of Crocodilopolis. In fact, the temple dates back to the years of Sesostris I and Amenemhat III (1844-1797 BC). Senusret I obelisk is in a bad shape of decay, especially on the west side.

Moreover, the monument damaged in the south-west and south-east corners. Birds sit on the top of the obelisk and that is why it covered with bird droppings. In the Napoleonic expedition in 1798-1801 the obelisk found laying on its side. But it looked to be in one piece. There is drawing in the middle of the obelisk. In fact, made after the graver of it made for this expedition. On the other drawing, there is an impression of the inscriptions. In fact, it is on one side of the obelisk as their artists reproduced it.

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In 1825-1828 Edward William Lane visits the site and find Senusret I obelisk broken in two pieces. Moreover, it lied there without any mound or ancient remains in the vicinity. Furthermore, the two parts, which designated by the people as male and female. The people of the country look upon these fragments with the same superstitious feeling. In fact, it was because of the stones of the temple at Panopolis. And the women recited the Fatha over them in the hopes of many offspring.

In 1843 Richard Lepsius described the obelisk and made a small map. In fact, Senusre I Obelisk roughly situated between tow areas. The first one was Abgig in the east of the monument. The second one was the ruins of a little village west of the obelisk. In 1971-1972 Senusret I Obelisk brought to El Fayoum City. Moreover, it restored and re-erected on a roundabout on the road to Cairo, in the north-east of the city.

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Bannentiu tomb Bahariya Oasis Egypt

Bannentiu tomb Egypt

Bannentiu tomb Bahariya Oasis, Egypt information, tours, booking

Bannentiu tomb located in Bahariya oasis in Western Desert, Egypt. In fact, Bannentiu tomb belongs to Bannentiu who was Djedamun-ef-ankh’s son. Moreover he also was a powerful businessman. The tomb is large and well decorated. In fact, the tomb features a square-pillared hall and three side-chambers. In fact, the tomb consolidated and restored by the Supreme Council of Antiquities. Moreover, the tomb painted in vibrant reds and ochres. In fact, they are the brilliant earth tones of the oasis.

Bannentiu tomb plundered in antiquity and re-used for collective burials. In fact, it was during the Roman Period. Furthermore, the tomb shows that pious nobility of the oasis during the Late Period. And that is why Egyptology men consider it important. In fact, the decoration in the tomb damaged some years ago. It was when thieves hacked away some of the reliefs. Furthermore, the culprit caught and the blocks recovered. In fact, they taken to Cairo Museum and didn’t restore in the tomb.

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The tomb has a burial chamber with an inner sanctuary. Moreover, this tomb covered in fine reliefs. In fact, the reliefs depict Bannentiu in different positions with the gods. The most interesting pictures flank the entrance to the burial chamber. On one side, the journey of the moon shown with the moon. In fact, it is in the form of the god Khons. Moreover, it flanked by the goddesses Isis and Nephthys. The other side of the entrance decorated with the journey of the sun.

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Alexander The Great temple Bahariya oasis Egypt

Alexander The Great temple Egypt

Alexander The Great temple Bahariya, Egypt information, tours, booking

Alexander The Great temple located in Bahariya Oasis in Western Desert, Egypt. In fact, the temple is the only one in Egypt which has Macedonian ruler’s. Alexander The Great temple built during Alexander’s lifetime and dedicated to Amun and Horus. In fact, Alexander arrived with his army in Memphis. It is where he made an offering to the Apis bull. Moreover, he crowned king of Egypt. He took as his Egyptian throne the name of “Setp n Ra Mery Amun”. Alexander’s visit to Siwa Oasis in the Western Desert was to consult with the Oracle of Amun. It is where his kingship made divine as the son of Amun.

In fact, Alexander The Great temple is one of the largest in the Bahariya Oasis. Moreover, the temple features at least 45 chambers which built from mud-brick. Furthermore, the chambers encased in sandstone. The valley of the Golden Mummies situated only three hundred yards from the temple. The entrance to Alexander The Great temple was on the south end of the structure. In fact, it accessed through a gate. A red granite altar discovered just outside the temple. In fact, the red granite not found in any of the western oasis. So, it maybe carried a great distance to the temple through the vast desert by donkeys.

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Just to the right of Alexander The Great temple entrance is a scene. In fact, the scene depicts only the lower half of two individuals facing each other. It is probable that one of these individuals is Alexander the Great. He dressed as a traditional Egyptian pharaoh. Moreover, he makes offerings to a principle Egyptian deity. On the lower register on the north wall of the second room, Alexander revealed. Alexander The Great temple also comprises a relief. In fact, the relief retains some of its original colors. Moreover, it depicts Alexander while offering two vessels. The vessels maybe contain Bahariya wine as an offering to Horus and Isis. Horus and Isis hold a scepter on one hand an the ankh symbol in the other.

In the background a priest wearing a long robe stands. He holds incense and an unknown tool. Furthermore, there are also an offering table bearing bread, meat and cucumbers. Moreover, there are also pomegranates and other fruits. Along with vessels for ointments also displayed. Alexander The Great temple also features another carved relief. In fact, it depicts Alexander while he makes an offering of incense to the god, Amun. God Amun who followed by various goddesses, one of which is Mut, Amun’s consort. In this scene, the governor and high priest of the Oasis stand behind the pharaoh. In fact, they stand with offerings of incense. Just visible in the depiction is an offering table. In fact, it laden with bread, meat, vegetables, wine and flowers.

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Alexander The Great temple complex surrounded by auxiliary storage rooms and houses. In fact, the storage rooms and houses used by guards and priests. On the east side of the temple, a building which used for administrative purposes. Only two of the buildings chambers roofed with large limestone blocks. In fact, they inscribed with Greek graffiti which now lost. One of the most interesting artifacts which found in the temple complex is a bronze statue. In fact, the statue is a royal lady. It believed that this lady was the wife of Alexander the Great. A small statue of a priest of Re also discovered in one of the temple’s corridors. Moreover, smaller artifacts discovered in and about the temple. In fact, they include Greek, Roman and Coptic pottery shards.

Moreover, they also included painted vases, fragments of bronze statues and Greek amulets. Furthermore, they also included coins from the 5th and 6th centuries AC. Some of the pottery which discovered feature rectangular marks and human figures. They appear to be of Semitic origin from Asia. The other shards and lamps are from the Coptic Period and later. The Christians inhabited the Alexander the Great temple until the 12th century AC. Moreover, some chambers may occupied as dwellings into the Middle Ages. In fact, the mentioned discoveries led Egyptology men to believe that.

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Ain El Muftella temple Bahariya Oasis Egypt

Ain El Muftella temple Egypt

Ain El Muftella temple Bahriya Oasis, Egypt, information, tours, booking

Ain El Muftella temple located in the center of Bahariya oasis in Western Desert, Egypt. In fact, Ain El Muftella temple served as the city center of El Qasr. Al Qasr is today the modern town of Bawiti in the Bahariya Oasis. Moreover, the temple built around the time of the 26th Dynasty. Though, some sections of the temple date back to the earlier in the New Kingdom. Furthermore, the temple added by both the Greeks, and later the Romans. In fact, some parts of the temple built by a high priest who named Zed-Khonsu-efankh. Moreover, he was the brother of Sheben-Khonsu. The last one was governor of the district during the reign of Ahmose II.

After the death of Khonsu, Zed-Khonsu-efankh took his brother’s role as governor. The temple center in fact consisted of four chapels. In fact, the chapels decorated and painted. Moreover, they had sunk relief like the other Egyptian temples of this period. The first chapel had two large halls. Furthermore, it had vaulted ceilings which painted with geometrical designs. Each of the halls adjoined by small storage rooms. In fact, Ain El Muftella temple was a rural temple. So, the temple served as a general purpose place of worship for for different gods. Scenes in the first hall depict Zed-Khonsu-efankh and sometimes his brother Sheben-Khonsu.

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Moreover, the scenes also depict Ahmose II who wears the double crown of Upper and Lower Egypt. He stands side by side and makes offerings to thirteen gods. The temple also houses another set of reliefs in the side entrance. In fact, the reliefs depict Ahmose II while stands with an ankh in his right hand. It is along side the hippopotamus goddess, Tausert, Horus and the cow goddess, Hathor. Behind them is another scene which depicts a child, several unrecognizable gods and goddesses. Moreover, the scene also depicts the goddess Ma’at with her feather. In the second chapel, there is a scene which portrays the high priest. In fact, the priest has a shaved head and worships Osiris.

Furthermore, the second chapel in Ain El Muftella temple features other scenes. In fact, the scenes show the sisters of Osiris who mourns his death. It is along with a list of the names of various deities. The wall to the right of the entrance to the second chapel also features another scene. The scene depicts an unknown priest who makes offerings to Osiris. And then, the king stands before Thoth. On the west wall, there is a mummified Osiris. The third chapel of the temple dedicated to the goddess Bes. In fact, the chapel has two entrances at either end of it. The entrances built from dole-rite and sandstone. Furthermore, one wall within this chapel devoted to a large figure of that deity.

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The fourth chapel in Ain El Muftella temple is more simple. In fact, the chapel made of brick and stone but never painted. The only notable scene in this chapel depicts Ahmose II in the presence of Khnum and Horus. Many of artifacts recovered from this temple over the years. In fact, the discoveries in the first chapel consist of a statue of the goddess Bastet. The discoveries also included a stone emblem of a head of Hathor and a statuette of an unknown king. Moreover, they also includes another statuette of Thoth and fragments of a bronze vase.

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Qasr Al Farafra Oasis Egypt

Qasr Al Farafra Egypt

Qasr Al Farafra in Farafra oasis, Egypt information, tours, booking

Qasr Al Farafra located at Farafra oasis in the Western Desert, Egypt. In fact, Qasr Al Farafra is where the old city of Farafra Oasis located within the fortress. Al what you can see there are just the ruins of the fortress. In fact, the ruins still deserve to make an interesting walk. You can walk within the ruins and try to imagine how the generations of peoples used this as a shelter. In fact, they also used it as a protection from external aggression. There is a small hill inside the fortress which you can climb. Moreover, from there you will see the view of the old houses and the new red brick houses as well. Furthermore, you will be also able to watch the greenery and the desert.

If you visit Qasr Al Farafra on a Thursday morning, you can catch the market there. In fact, it is where locals sell fruits, vegetables and other products. The Farafroni women usually handle the market. If you want to trace back the glory of the Roman civilization, then visit this unique castle. Most of the Roman ruins centered around this castle. It stands today as the capital town of the oasis. In fact, it was the only village in ancient times. Moreover, the fortress located on the northern side of the town. In fact, it dominated the top of a ridge overlooking the surrounding desert. It built on the site of an original Roman structure and constructed from stone and mud brick.

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The present fortress enlarged or rebuilt during medieval times. In fact, it was after contained at least 125 rooms. Furthermore, there is also an ancient cemetery near Qasr Al Farafra. In fact, it is where a few non decorated rock-cut tombs completely buried by sand. Other rock tombs can seen in areas nearby. Some of them used as dwellings by early Christian hermits. In fact, the hermits are the ones who scratched and painted their crosses on the walls.

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Seila Pyramid Fayoum Egypt

Seila Pyramid Fayoum

Seila Pyramid Fayoum information, tours, prices, booking

Seila Pyramid is a small step pyramid which situated in Fayoum, Egypt. In fact, the pyramid is a little distances to the south of Kom El Hammam. Moreover, it is on the top of the escarpment on the eastern side of the Fayoum. Seila Pyramid is the most of seven small step pyramids in the Nile Valley. The most southerly one is on Elephantine Island. In fact, the function of these pyramids still unknown. It is because they do not follow the usual mortuary style. Furthermore, the have no subsidiary buildings. So far, no burial chambers found, but they all appear to date back to Dynasties III or IV. It Maybe, the pyramids may mark royal boundaries, or homelands of royal consorts.

In fact, Seila Pyramid now is just remains. The remains of the pyramid today are only 7 meter high. Moreover, the only lower levels of the pyramid can seen. It is with parts of these buried in rubble. Furthermore, the pyramid first investigated by Borchardt at the beginning of the 20th century. At that time, the owner’s name not discovered. In the 1980  the pyramid re-investigated by Brigham Young University with. In fact, it was with Mr. Nabil Swelim, an Egyptian archaeologist.

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The remains of builder’s marks and inscriptions found on some of the blocks. Furthermore, fragments of two limestone stelae and an offering table also discovered. As a result, it possible that the structure belongs to Snefru of Dynasty IV. In fact, Seila Pyramid aligned north to south. Moreover, it is with a four-stepped core of small blocks of limestone and mortar. No internal chambers found. There are some rock-cut tombs at the base of the escarpment below pyramid which not inscribed. In fact, some thousands of papyri found there. Finally, the tombs date back to the Roman and Coptic Periods.

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Sun Perpendicularity on Abu Simbel temple Egypt

Sun Perpendicularity on Abu Simbel temple

Sun Perpendicularity on Abu Simbel temple information, tours, booking

In fact, the Sun Perpendicularity on Abu Simbel temple also called the Sun Festival. This indeed the greatest event which happens twice a year in Egypt. The first one happens on 22 February and the second one happens on 22 October. In fact, Ramses II built his temples in a special and a unique way. They way which lets the internal chamber lights up two times a year. In fact, the twenty two of February is the anniversary of his ascension to Egypt. Moreover, the twenty two of October is his birthday. In fact, the Sun Perpendicularity on Abu Simbel temple is the most important event in Egypt.

Every year on the Sun Festival, crowds gather before sunrise. It is to observe the stream of light gradually sneaks through the stone and. Furthermore, it enlightens the statuettes of Ramses, Ra and Amun in the central chamber. Only the statue of Ptah – the god of darkness – remains in the shade. In fact, it remains in shade even on these two special days of the year. The Sun Perpendicularity on Abu Simbel temple indeed is amazing experience. Once you are in Egypt during this dates, don’t miss this great event.

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Abu Simbel Sound Light Show Egypt

Abu Simbel Sound Light Show

Abu Simbel Sound Light Show information, tours, prices, booking

Abu Simbel Sound Light Show indeed is magnificent at the temple of Abu Simbel. In fact, the temples in Abu Simbel become even more enchanting at night. It is when the sound and light show lights up the facade. It is with wonderful lighting, music and narration. Moreover, the show performed by professional artists who inspired by its history. Furthermore, the show takes you back thousands of years ago to show you how Ramses the Great ruled Egypt.

Indeed the sound and Light show is a masterful spectacle. In fact, the show includes projections on the great and minor temple facades. The projections show you how they once looked. In fact, the script offered in nine languages.

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The languages include English, Arabic, French, Italian. and Spanish. German, Russian, Chinese and Japanese also included. Furthermore, the how includes earpieces which provided for your convenience. The Show usually played 3 times daily at 6, 7 and 8 pm. It can booked on-site or through any travel agency in Egypt or Aswan. Your hotel can also assist you in making a reservation and arranging the transport to Abu Simbel. Of course we will have the full pleasure to book you this amazing show. Just contact us either by email or phone.

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Kom Al Ahmar Beni Suef Egypt

Kom Al Ahmar Egypt

Kom Al Ahmar Beni Suef information, tours, prices, booking

Kom Al Ahmar located in Beni Suef, Egypt. The site also known as “Mazura”. In fact, Kom Al Ahmar or Mazura is about half an hour of driving to the south of Dishasha. Moreover, Kom Al Ahmar located somewhere between the towns of Biba and el-Fashn. In fact, the site not famous enough and guarded by only a Gafir. Located near a small canal, Kom Al-Ahmar is a large archaeological site. The site which in red pottery shreds and contains many graves of different types. Some of the graves are pits in the sand and some brick lined.

Moreover, there is also a limestone platform which paved and low remains of stone. Furthermore, there are also brick walls which must once have contained a structure. There is also another site towards the small modern village of Kom Al Ahamar. The site is about one kilometer from the cemetery site. In fact, the site covered in broken pottery and lying by the track . Moreover, there are large sections of plain round columns which scattered haphazardly on the ground.

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Dishasha Beni Suef Egypt

Dishasha Beni Suef Egypt

Dishasha Beni Suef, Egypt information, tours, prices, booking

Dishasha located to the west of the Nile in Beni Suef, Egypt. In fact, Dishasha is the nearest village to a cemetery of rock-cut Tombs. The rock cut tombs belong to Old Kingdom officials. Moreover, the tombs cut high into a cliff above the desert plain. In fact, Dishasha site is on the edge of the cultivated land. Furthermore, it accessed by a long flight of stone steps. The stone steps lead up to the terrace containing the main tombs. In fact, it is above which the open desert stretches out towards the west. Dishahsa site investigated by Petrie in 1897. Moreover, excavated under the auspices of the Egypt Exploration Fund.

Petrie found tombs which date back to Dynasty V. He also found several artifacts. The site best known for the tomb of Inty which contains a rare relief. In fact, the relief depicts a siege of a fortified town. Moreover, it also depcts industrial scenes including woodworking. Two well preserved linen garments found as well as pottery. In fact, they are now in the Petrie Museum in London. The tomb of Inty attracted the most attention at Dishasha. Unfortunately, it now closed by a large metal door. Furthermore, it published by WMF Petrie, with a chapter by F Llewellyn Griffith in 1898. A typical Old Kingdom statue of the tomb owner found. In fact, it was in the serdab of the nearby tomb chapel of Nenkheftkha .

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The limestone statue stands 134 cm high. It represents Nenkheftkha wearing a short kilt and short black wig. Moreover, he stands with his left leg striding forward and with arms by his sides. In fact, the statue kept now in the British Museum in London. Another limestone statue also found. The statue depicts the owner and his wife Neferseshems. In fact, the statue now kept now in the Museum of the Oriental Institute of Chicago. This statue pair measures 69 cm high. In fact, it shows Nenkheftkha is a similar pose to his Serdab statue. It is while his wife wears a close fitting robe, necklace and long wig.

The entrances to other Dishasha Old Kingdom tombs at present covered by sand. But, the entrance chapels and courtyards can still seen. In fact, some with worn reliefs on their outer walls. There is a Gafir at the site who usually holds the key to the tomb of Inty. The modern village of Dishasha located about 130 km south of Cairo. Moreover, it is on the western edge of the cultivation, close to the Bahr Yussef canal. Furthermore, Dishaha is about 20 km north west of Biba. Ehnasya El Medina (Herakleopolis Magna) is around 20 km to the north of Dishasha. In fact, it is easy to combine it in one trip.

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