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Activities in Ancient Alexandria

Graeco Roman Museum Alexandria Egypt

Graeco Roman Museum Alexandria Egypt

Graeco Roman Museum Alexandria information, tours, prices, booking

Graeco Roman Museum Alexandria built in 1892 as a small building located on Horreya Road. In fact, in 1895 Graeco Roman Museum transferred to the present site near Gamal Abdul Nasser Road. Moreover, it started with eleven galleries and enlarged in later renovation stages. The 25th gallery inaugurated in 1984. In fact, Graeco Roman Museum Alexandria contains indeed a big variety of coins from different countries. They arranged and date back from 630 BC to the Ottoman period in the 19th century. There is a collection which covers the period from the 3rd BC to 7th AC centuries. It indeed is a fascinating record of civilization.

Graeco Roman Museum Alexandria contains hundreds of precious antiques. The most valuable ones or the best areas in the museum are as follows:

Room 1: In this room, we can see the beautiful alabaster Good Shepherd. Its large eyes and flat, regular of the robe is a development from the Coptic style. Moreover, part of the hall displays artifacts from the Monastery of St. Menas, west of Alexandria.

Room 2  also contains many architectural elements from early Christian buildings. Moreover, it also has the central basket capital is a typical Coptic art.

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Room 3 has magnificent collection of metal, silver and gold. The silver torso of Aphrodite dates from the 2nd century. Moreover, there is a varied collection of ancient jewelry with different magnificent colors.

Room 4 devoted to Coptic textiles. They are from some of the finest weavers in the Christian world.

Room 5 is an amazing ancient model of a water cooling system.

Room 6: In Room 6 we can find The Apis Bull. In fact, it found to the west of Pompey’s Pillar. In fact, the statue set up in the reign of Hadrian (AD 117-138). Moreover, this bull represents the most successful imposition of Greek realism upon an Egyptian image. Furthermore, the Serapis Head sculptured with fine white marble. It found near the Pompey’s Pillar. It was one of the Ptolemies’ gods. This god was a blend of Osiris and Apis. A visitor can see fine mosaics an Alexandrine specialty. It also includes one of a ship sailing, done with colored pebbles set in cement. This is the earliest type of mosaic made.

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Room 7 has two headless sphinxes, carved under Amenhemhet IV. They are spectacular. The two headless black basalt statues of Isis in the niches show us a clear example of Isis Knot.

Room 8: This room devoted to mummies and sarcophagi. The visitor can see the difference between the gilded and painted cartonnage of the pharaonic mummies. Moreover, he can also see the ornate diamond bandage of the Ptolemaic ones.

Room 9 dedicated to show pieces of a shrine in the Fayoum. They dedicated to the Crocodile-god, Pnepheros.

Room 11 contains some of the most interesting statues. They are in which Egyptian scenes and techniques portrayed with Greek influences. Moreover, we can see image of divine serpents ” The Agathadaimon Stelae” and their worshipers. Moreover, limestone fragments from a temple at Athribis (Benha) are along the north wall of the room. The god Tutu faces Horus and Athribis with a broken inscription of Greek between them.

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Room 12 contains statues of Graeco-Roman period. A colossal red granite head of Ptolemy IV found at Abuqir, wearing the double crown of Egypt. Moreover, the mosaic of Medusa, once a pavement, originally showed Medusa’s entire body. The most spectacular piece is the colossal white marble statue of Marcus Aurelius. It discovered under the Sayed Darwish Theater. Furthermore, in the same room, we can see a marble statue of Isis. It is as a goddess of the Nile reclining against a sphinx. Her left hand holds a vessel for the Holy Water.

Room 14  filled with portrait heads of famous Romans. They are Hadrian, Vespasian, and Augustus.

Room 16: Contains some of the finest Hellenistic statuary available. The torso of Aphrodite is magnificent . At the end of the hall are a couple of male torsos and female. Moreover, there are also a seated male which belongs to a group of statues. In fact, they carved for a pediment for a palace near the eastern harbor.

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Room 17: Contains some of the best Sarcophagi found. The most unique one shows Ariadne asleep on the island of Naxos. The god of sleep (Hypnos) stands by her head, and behind him lies the boat that brought her from Crete. Her husband, Dionysisu, stands in front of her with his retinue. The rest of the facade shows a drunken Hercules helps homeward.

Room 18: The funerary amphora from Chatby. It dates back to the end of the fourth century BC. Moreover, it still has its artificial wreath of green leaves and golden berries around its neck. Another display is a unique collection of clay Tanagra. Tanagra is an ancient city in the northern part of Greece) figures. This collection spans the 3rd century BC to the 1st century AD. It provides information about women’s fashions, hairstyles, hats and dresses in the ancient world.

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Room 21 contains plenty of pottery and some statues. The statue that stands out in this hall is a Hercules statue. Moreover, it has a club in his left hand. His lion-skin coat is in his right.

Room 22: This hall dedicated to colored glassware. Early in Egypt’s history, the people learned how to make glass. It is indeed a chance to see the early discovery of the fusion of soda and sand. Moreover, at the end of the hall is a beautiful bronze head of Hadrian (76-138 AD). The Sculpture Garden of the museum is full of spectacular statues and artifacts.

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Alexandria National Museum

Alexandria National Museum Egypt

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Alexandria National Museum indeed is one of Egypt’s finest museums. In fact, Alexandria National Museum inaugurated by Previous President Hosni Mubarak on December 2003. Alexandria National Museum located in a restored palace. In fact, it contains about 1,800 artifacts that narrate the history of Alexandria throughout the ages. They are including the Pharaonic, Roman, Coptic and Islamic eras. There are even some more modern pieces from 19th century. They are such as glassware, silverware, chinaware and precious jewels. They provide a sense of the richness of the court of Mohammed Ali and his descendants.

Mummies shown in a special underground chamber (basement) at Alexandria National Museum. Some of the items found during the archaeological underwater excavations in Alexandria. They are now on the same floor as the Greco-Roman artifacts. In fact, Alexandria National Museum housed in the old Al-Saad Bassili Pasha Palace. He was one of the wealthiest wood merchants in Alexandria during his lifetime. Alexandria National Museum located on Fouad Street (Tariq al-Horreyya). It is near to the center of the city. Construction on the site first undertaken in 1926. The palace covers an area of 3,480 square meters. It is a white Italian-style mansion that sits in an expansive garden of rare trees and plants.

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The palace consists of four floors and an underground shelter. The shelter used during World War II air raids. The palace designed by a French engineer who used the Italian styles in its construction. His three store palace was a gathering place. It was for the upper class people of Egyptian society in Alexandria. Moreover, it included notables such as Egypt’s former Prime Ministers, Ismail Sedqi Pasha. It also included and Maher Pasha. This villa sold to the Americans as a consulate in 1960. And thereafter in 1997, purchased by the Ministry of Culture for about 12 million LE. Its conversion to a museum costed another 18 million LE.

The conversion included up to date audiovisual equipment, security and fire protection,. In the preparation of the Alexandria National Museum, the highest of standards has adopted. It is in display techniques and in the design of educational and cultural galleries. Egypt’s museums were not to assume an educational and cultural role. They rather to function as buildings for storing antiquities. The Ministry of Culture began transforming them into places to visitors. It is a cultural message about the varied creative products of the Egyptian civilization. Alexandria National Museum is unique museum in Egypt. The museum is the only one which narrates the history of the people of Alexandria. It is through antiquity.

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Passing through the main gate, one mounts an elegant semi-rounded staircase. It is in view of a life-size Graeco-Roman Period marble statue of a toga clad matron. Crossing a small but decorated foyer. It is with two rows of speckled gray marble columns. One enters Alexandria National Museum proper. One will find symbolic colors used, just as they were during Pharaonic time. They are in a specific arrangement. The Pharaonic section itself at Alexandria National Museum, features dark blue walls. This color meant to portray the journey of the ancient Egyptians. The journey is to their eternal afterlife. In the Greek-Roman Period section, objects set against a sky-blue. They reflecting romance and a lust for life.

The Copts and Muslims share beliefs about heaven. The sections reserved for artifacts from these religious traditions painted green. The artifacts within the museum’s collection not exhibited in the past. They were in storage in various other Egyptian Museums. And thus come from the Egyptian Antiquity Museum, Coptic and Islamic Museums in Cairo. Others are from the Graeco-Roman Museum and Royal Jewelry Museum in Alexandria. Items from the Pharaonic Period span each critical period. They include the Old, Middle and New Kingdoms. Among the masterpieces on display is a statue of King Menkaure. He is the builder of the third pyramid at Giza.

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There is also a head of a statue of Akhenaton (Amenhotep IV) and a head of Hatshepsut. She is the great female pharaoh of Egypt. There is also a fine statue of a scribe. Moreover, there are also several statuettes of servants which depicted in the midst of daily activities. There are also many offering tables, building tools and statues of deities. There is a replica of a tomb. It is like those in the Valley of the Kings on the West Bank at Luxor. It contains one mummy along with genuine funerary equipment. These items include canopic jars, an anthropoid sarcophagi. They contain the mummy, ushabti figures and the deceased private possessions. The tomb meant to provide an overview of the Ancient Egyptian concept of burial and the afterlife.

Alexandria was a Graeco-Roman city of great splendor. There is no scarcity of objects from this period. Among the most noteworthy the painted terra-cotta Tanagra figurines. They are of dressed Greek women. The figurines stand motionless with styled looks. They wearing hats or veils and holding children, fans or pets. From the Roman Period, displays include busts of the Emperor Hadrian. It also has a red granite statue of Caracala. The collection also includes reports from pioneering scientific studies on the human body. They undertaken in Alexandria, complete with marble hands, legs and torsos.

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Alexandria National Museum features a display (on the Graeco-Roman floor) of artifacts. It raised during underwater excavations around Alexandria in recent years. Huge posters feature activities from various underwater sites over the last few years. Here, one finds some of the most important pieces raised from the sea bed. They include a black basalt statue of a high priest in a temple of the goddess Isis. It lifted in 1998, a 2.2 meter granite statue of Isis found in May 2001. There is also the granite stela of King Nakhtnebef. It is an identical copy of the Naucratis stela. It discovered in the Sunken City of Heraklion offshore from Abu Qir. The floor devoted to Coptic and Islamic items. It has a variety of objects from Egypt’s two most prominent religious traditions.

Coptic Christian items include icons of Jesus, Virgin Mary and the Last Supper. They also include tombstones and clothes decorated with golden and silver crosses. Among the Islamic objects a collection of 162 gold and silver coins minted in Alexandria. Many of metal incense burners, chandeliers and decorated pottery. The objects also include doors and Mashrabiya windows inset with geometrical ivory ornamentation. Finally, the lives of Egypt’s former royal family revealed in a collection . Collection include magnificent jewelry, bejeweled gold and silver awards. It also include watches, crystal glasses and vases. It also include gold-plated handbags, rings, necklaces and bracelets.

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The museum has high-tech restoration laboratory for antiquities and electronic security system. It is to preserve these precious objects. A hall in the basement has transformed into an audio visual workshop. It is in which visitors can tour the museum via computer programs . They display every item in the museum from a variety of angles. Use has made of every available space. The old garage for the American Consulate’s staff has converted into a lecture hall. It is also an open air theater for evening performances. The open air theater can accommodate an audience of about 800. The lecture auditorium holds about 150 people. Alexandria National Museum allows cameras. Camera flashes costing 30 LE.

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Anfushi tombs Alexandria Egypt

Anfushi Tombs Alexandria Egypt

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Anfushi tombs Alexandria are limestone tombs. They date back to 250 BC and painted to simulate alabaster and marble. Anfushi tombs Alexandria decorated with pictures of Egyptian gods and daily life. They are along with graffiti. In fact, Anfushi tombs Alexandria located on a spit of land that was once an island known as Pharos Island. Moreover, Anfushi tombs Alexandria lie to the south of the esplanade leading to the palace of “Ras el Tin”. All are dating back to the first half of the 3rd century. Anfushi tombs Alexandria discovered in 1901 and 1921.

The first and most remarkable of the tombs reached by way of a vaulted stairway. It hewn out of the rock, leading down into a square courtyard. The courtyard open to the sky and provides access to two tombs. The walls of the stairway and tombs have a painted stucco revetment. they imitating alabaster and marble. The vaulted ceiling of the funeral chamber decorated with geometric “trompe l’oeil” designs. They are reminiscent of the covered ceiling in certain ancient villas. The funeral motifs are an example of the combined influence of Greek art. They also are the traditional forms of Egyptian arts.

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Anfushi tombs Alexandria feature both Greek and Roman influence. For instance, once inside the tombs, you’ll see Greek art. You’ll also see plenty of Roman influence. They include things like statues of the Sphinx and etc. Anfushi tombs Alexandria are five individual tombs, although they in fact interconnected. The first tomb discovered in 1901. The remaining four discovered during the years that followed. The fifth tomb only discovered in 1921. All five of these tombs are below ground level. They are subterranean tombs that carved out of the existing limestone rock.

Today, the tombs are accessible from the esplanade in front of the Ras El Tin Palace. Each of the tombs has a similar sort of design. They all have indeed impressive vaulted ceilings, beautiful murals and fascinating frescos. One of the five tombs also has a central courtyard. It has a hole carved out of the ceiling which offers a view of the skies above. Anfushi tombs Alexandria carved out of the native limestone. That is why all painted in a manner. It makes them look as though they have built from marble and alabaster. Marble and alabaster were popular among the Greeks and the Romans.

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Anfushi tombs Alexandria located in notorious area of the city. It is because of its shortage of parking spaces. You might want to consider parking your vehicle a short distance from the tombs. An then covering the last bit of distance on foot. If you park near the Qaitbay district, you’ll find there is a nice aquarium nearby. It is actually also worth a visit. Walking to the tombs from the Qaitbay district is also nice. It is because you’ll have a fantastic view of the Eastern Harbor. During its ancient history, Alexandria has ruled by many different cultures. They include the Greeks and the Roman. It is something you can’t fail to notice when you stroll through the streets. For example, you’ll see buildings and monuments bearing testimony to Greek, Roman, European rules. And even some Mediterranean influence.

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Pompey’s Pillar Alexandria

Pompey’s Pillar Alexandria information, tours, prices, booking

Pompey’s Pillar Alexandria is a Roman triumphal column in the city of Alexandria, Egypt. It is the largest of its type. In fact, it constructed outside of the imperial capitals of Rome and Constantinople. Pompey’s Pillar Alexandria is the only which known free-standing column in Roman Egypt. Moreover, it not composed of drums. It indeed is one of the largest ancient monoliths. Moreover, it is also one of the largest monolithic columns which ever erected. The monolithic column shaft measures 20.46 m in height with a diameter of 2.71 m at its base. The weight of the single piece of red Aswan granite estimated at 285 ton. Pompey’s Pillar Alexandria is 26.85 m high including its base and capital.

Other authors give slightly deviating dimensions. It dates back to the time of Pompey. The Corinthian column actually built in 297 AC. It commemorate the victory of Roman emperor Diocletian over an Alexandrian revolt. The Emperor Diocletian erected this memorial column. Pompey’s Pillar Alexandria erected in honor of the Roman Emperor, as a sign of gratitude. A serious revolt in the city took place. Diocletian came himself, ordering the city to besieged. After 8 months of resistance, the city finally surrendered. As a result of the siege, there was famine in the city. The Emperor ordered that a part of the corn, which sent to Rome, given to the people of Alexandria. He exempted them from paying taxes during these hard times. For that they erected, in his honor the Pompey’s Pillar Alexandria .

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Crusaders believed, that ashes of the great Pompey were in a pot at the top of the column. It was in the middle ages the. In fact, it was a mistake. Thus today it called “Pompey’s Pillar”. Around the commemorative Column of Diocletian there are some monuments that can seen. On the backside, there is the remains of a Serapium, or a temple of the God Serapis. It now damaged. In fact, it built during the reigns of Ptolemy II and Ptolemy III. It damaged due to the revolts of the Jewish population in Alexandria. In fact, it was during the reign of the Emperor Trajan (89-118 A.C). Moreover, it rebuilt again during the reign of Hadrian (117-137 AC). It likely destroyed, once more, after the appearance of Christianity. Furthermore, it consisted of a high platform accessed by a staircase of 100 steps.

At the side of the platform there was a basin, which used for purification. There were 2 galleries at the back of the temple. In fact, they completely cut into the rock. In the 1st gallery a black statue of basalt, dates back to the reign of Hadrian discovered. It represents the God Serapis, in a shape of a bull. It now exhibited in the Graeco – Roman Museum in Alexandria. The second gallery known mistakenly as the Daughter Library. It seems that it was an Anubidiun, or a burial for the mummies of Anubis. It considered until the a reign of Ptolemy IV, a member of the Pantheon of Alexandria.

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Catacombs Kom El Shoqafa Alexandria Egypt

Catacombs Kom El Shoqafa Alexandria

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Catacombs Kom El Shoqafa means “Mound of Shards”. In fact, Catacombs Kom El Shoqafa Alexandria are a historical archaeological site located in Alexandria, Egypt. Moreover, Catacombs Kom El Shoqafa Alexandria are indeed one of the Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages. The necropolis of Catacombs Kom El Shoqafa Alexandria consists of a series of Alexandrian tombs. It also consists of statues and archaeological objects of the Pharaonic funeral cult. It is with Hellenistic and early Imperial Roman influences. The features of the Catacombs merge Roman, Greek and Egyptian cultural points. In fact, it was due the time. Some statues are Egyptian in style, yet bear Roman clothes and hair style. It is whilst other features share a similar style.

A circular staircase often used to transport deceased bodies down the middle of it. It leads down into the tombs. Tombs tunneled into the bedrock during the age of the Antonio emperors (2nd century AD). The facility then used as a burial chamber. It was from the 2nd century to the 4th century. It was before rediscovered in 1900 when a donkey accidentally fell into the access shaft. Three sarcophagi have found, along with other human and animal remains. They added later. It believed that the catacombs only intended for a single family. But it is unclear why the site expanded to house many other individuals. Catacombs Kom El Shoqafa Alexandria are also one of the seven medieval wonders of the world. It is according to some lists.

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One of the more gruesome features of the catacombs called Hall of Caracalla. According to tradition, this is a mass burial chamber. It was for the humans and animals whom massacred by order of the Emperor Caracalla in 215 AD. In fact, Catacombs Kom El Shoqafa Alexandria lie on the western necropolis of Alexandria. They consist of three levels cut through solid rock. The third level being now completely underwater. The catacombs have a six pillared central shaft which opens off the vestibule. On the left is a trillium. It is a funeral banquet hall where friends and family gathered on stone couches. They covered with cushions. Both at the time of burial and also on future commemorative visits.

In fact, a stone staircase descends to the second level, an area alive with sculptures. In the lobby of the building two pillars. They topped by the papyrus, lotus, and acanthus leaves of ancient Egypt. Two falcons flanking a winged sun decorate the frieze. Figures of a man and a woman carved into the wall. The man’s body has a stiff hieratic pose. It is typical of Ancient Egyptian sculpture. Moreover, it is with a head. The head carved in the lifelike manner of the classic Hellenes. The woman’s figure also posed but bears the Roman hairstyle. There are three huge stone coffins. They are with non-removable covers along the sides of the chamber. In fact, it assumed that bodies inserted in them from behind. They using a passageway which runs around the outside of the funeral chamber.

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There is a hallway with deep walls in the central tomb chamber. It is with carved recesses. In fact, each one provides burial space for three mummies. Visitors can reach the first level through a breach in the rotunda wall, which made at an unknown date. This leads to the Hall of Caracalla, in this hall the bones of horses and humans found. Catacombs named Kom El Shoqafa because the area used to contain a mound of shards of Terra cotta. It consisted of jars and objects made of clay. These objects left by those visiting the tombs. Who would bring food and wine for their consumption during the visit. They did not wish to carry these containers home from this place of death so they would break them. So at the time of the discovery, heaps of these broken plates found.

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