Information about the Red Pyramid Dahshur Cairo:
The Red Pyramid Dahshur Cairo has the largest base after Khufu pyramid. It located 40 kilometers south of Cairo. Each side of the Red Pyramid Dahshur Cairo measures 722 feet. Moreover, its sides sloping at 43 degrees 22′. The Red Pyramid Dahshur Cairo is the fourth highest pyramid which built in Egypt. It has 160 layers of stone. In fact, the Red Pyramid Dahshur Cairo was the first successful, true, cased Pyramid which built in Egypt. The Red Pyramid Dahshur Cairo built by Snefru who was Khufus’s father. Moreover, it has no crowds and circus atmosphere like the Giza Plateau. Moreover, it currently entered without limitation. It is only a short drive from Sakkara and only a brief drive from Cairo.
In fact, the Red Pyramid gets its name from the reddish limestone which used to build most of its core. Moreover, it also sometimes referred to as the Shining or Northern Pyramid. Several layers of fine white limestone used to lay the pyramid’s foundation. It was the learning from prior mistakes of earlier pyramids. Tura limestone used as casing stone to cover the pyramid. Though some casing still remains, most has removed. Every twentieth casing stone discovered had inscriptions on the back sides. Some inscribed with the cartouche of Snefru. The others had inscriptions in red paint naming the various work crews.
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In fact, they are such as the “Green Gang” or the “Western Gang”. Snefru’s cartouche was an important discovery. It was since there are no identifying inscriptions within the pyramid. Perhaps greater importance is the fact that some of the casing dated. It gives clues to how long the pyramid took to build. It is also the sequence of work that took place. According to this, the pyramid begun between 22-29 year of Snefru’s reign. Within four years, 30 percent of Red Pyramid had completed. The entire pyramid finished in about seventeen years.
East of the Red Pyramid Dahshur Cairo is what remains of a mortuary temple. Besides to the first capstone (Pyramidion) ever found belonging to an Old Kingdom Pyramid. It recovered in fragments and reconstructed. The mortuary temple itself is significant. It was because Snefru pioneered the east west alignment of Egyptian Temples to match the path of the sun. Like most Egyptian Pyramids, the only entrance is in the north side. Furthermore, it leads to a 206 foot passage descends at an angle of 27 degrees to the first chamber. The first chamber has a cor-belled (step) ceiling with a height of about 40 feet. In fact, all three of the chambers in this pyramid have cor-belled ceilings. They are with between eleven and fourteen layers.
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Even with some two million tones of stone above, this ceiling design is so strong. In fact, there are no cracks or structural problems even today. Moreover, a short passage on the south side of the first chamber leads to a second chamber. These first two chambers located at the ground level. The third chamber is higher. Moreover, it built within the masonry of the pyramid itself. The second chamber is unusual. It lies under the apex of the pyramid, or center point of the pyramid. It is one of the only Pyramids in Egypt to have this design layout. The final chamber has an entrance passageway. It is about 25 feet above the floor of the second chamber. It can accessed by a staircase (of modern construction).
Furthermore, the passageway leads to the final chamber is 23 feet long. Egyptology men believe this final chamber intended to be the actual burial chamber. Moreover, the room is approximately 14 feet by 27 feet. Its cor-belled ceiling rising to a height of 50 feet. The floor has excavated in an unsuccessful attempt to find other passageways.