Cairo Egypt Information, tours, prices, booking
Cairo Egypt is the capital of Egypt and indeed the largest city in Africa. In fact the name means "the victorious city". Cairo Egypt located on both banks of Nile river near to the head of the river's delta in northern Egypt. In fact, it settled for more than 6000 years. It served as the capital of many Egyptian civilizations. Furthermore, Cairo Egypt know as "Misr" which is the Arabic name for Egypt. In fact, it is because of its centrality in Egyptian life.
Greater Cairo spreads across three of Egypt's administrative governorates. The northeastern part known as Kaliobeyya Governorate. The west bank is a part of the governorate of Giza. The eastern parts and southeastern parts are another governorates which known as Cairo. The three parts known together as greater Cairo. In fact, Cairo city marked by the traditions and influences of the East and the West. It also marked by the ancient and the modern. Cairo Egypt reflects Egypt's growing poverty and struggles to cope with problems. In fact, the problems caused by massive population growth and urban sprawl. They also caused because of a deteriorating infrastructure.
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Cairo city covers an area of more than 453 sq km (more than 175 sqm). Indeed, it is difficult to separate the city from some of its immediate suburbs. Moreover, Cairo Egypt bracketed by the desert to the east, south and west. Moreover, it bounded by the fertile Nile delta to the north. Furthermore, Cairo sits astride the river and spreads farther on the east bank than the west. Cairo also includes several river islands which play an important role in the life of the city. In fact, Cairo is the region's principal commercial, administrative and tourist center. Cairo features many cultural institutions, business establishments and governmental offices. Furthermore, it also features universities and hotels. In fact, they together create a dense pattern of constant activity.
Cairo downtown contains Tahrir Square which located on the east bank. In fact, the square is vast and open square. It contains many attractions such as the Egyptian Museum. Extending from north to south along the east bank of the Nile is the Corniche. The Nile corniche is Cairo's main thoroughfare. It located nearby is the narrow strip of land which known as Garden City. In fact, Garden City is one of the city's newer residential areas. In the center of Cairo city is the river island of Zamalek. The island contains the upscale residential and commercial neighborhood . Moreover, Zamalek island contains the Cairo Opera House and the Cairo Tower (1961). Three bridges link the island with both banks of the river.
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The island of Al-Rodah, located to the south of Cairo city. In fact, it linked to the mainland by two bridges. Another bridge to the north carries road and rail traffic across the Nile. The neighborhoods of Islamic Cairo located outside the city's central area. In fact, they are on the east bank spanning from the northeast to the southeast. These neighborhoods known for their narrow streets, crowded markets (bazaars). They also well known for hundreds of mosques. In fact, many of them date back to the medieval period. South of the Islamic district located Old Cairo. In Old Cairo, you find some of the city's oldest architectural monuments found. In fact, Old Cairo is the home of Cairo's Coptic Christian community.
Moreover, it is the site of the Coptic Museum besides to many Coptic churches. Heliopolis is a modern suburb which located to the northeast of Cairo city. In fact, it was a result of the irrigation of Cairo's desert periphery. Other modern suburbs interspersed with recently created migrant neighborhoods. In fact, they accommodate the city's growing population. Industrial areas further crowd the city, restricting its growth. Cairo international airport serves Cairo city and situated 24 km northeast of the city. Ramses railway station and the bus terminal located near downtown Cairo. Cairo city indeed is the chief commercial and industrial center of Egypt. In fact, Cairo city has many local industries such as cotton textiles and food products.
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Moreover, it also has construction supplies, motor vehicles, aircraft and chemical fertilizers. Iron and steel produced in the south part just outside the city. Cairo is also a center for government activities and service industries. In fact, Cairo city features warm climate and huge collection of attractions. That is why tourism plays an important role in its economy. Moreover, Cairo receives goods shipped on the Nile at the river port. In fact, the port located at the northern end of the city. From Cairo, products sent to Mediterranean ports of Alexandria and Port Said. It is by road, railroad and waterway. Cairo Egypt city connected by train service to other major cities. Traffic congestion is a growing problem in Cairo. In fact, Cairo city is the only city in the Middle East and Africa that has a subway.
A subway system opened in the city in 1987 for the first time. It carreis about 2 million passengers every day. Recently, a second line has opened and the third is under construction. The second line linked the old line with the western superb in the west bank (Giza). The third line will connect Cairo airport to the city center and finish in the busy suburb of Imbaba.
Cairo Egypt Population:
In 1998 Cairo Egypt estimated to have a population of 16 million. In fact, the people of Cairo known as Cairenes. Nearly all of them are Egyptians with a small number of foreigners. The city is an important center of the Islamic faith. In fact, Cairenes are predominantly Sunni Muslims. Moreover, Cairo Egypt is also a home to a sizable Coptic community. In fact, the community traces its origins to the Christians who populated Cairo. It was before the arrival of Islam.
Cairo's population swells daily as workers flow into the city from the surrounding areas. It is by clogging roads and rail lines every morning and evening. Many Cairenes are recent arrivals from villages along the Nile. These rural migrants arrive with few skills or resources. In fact, they compound the existing problems of unemployment and scarce housing.
Cairo Egypt Education And Culture:
The most famous educational institution in Cairo is the Al-Azhar University. In fact, it is the oldest in the Islamic world. The institution has grown up around the Al-Azhar Mosque. In fact, Al Azhar mosque is the second oldest Mosque in Cairo. The Fatimid founded both the university and Mosque in 970. Al-Azhar University is an authoritative voice throughout the Islamic world. Its positions on important issues are influential in Egypt and the Arab world. Cairo City Egypt also has other institutions of higher education. It is such as Cairo University which founded in1908. It also has and Ain Shams University which founded in 1950.
In fact, they together enrolls more than 100,000 students. Moreover, Cairo Egypt city has the American University which founded in 1919. It is where the children of Egypt's elite mingle with students and faculty from abroad. In fact, Egyptian history displayed and preserved in the city's many Museum collections. Cairo Museums include the Egyptian Museum, Coptic museum and Museum of Islamic Art. The Egyptian Museum Founded in 1902 in the Cairo downtown. In fact, the museum contains hundreds of thousands of artifacts. It including more than 1700 pieces from the collection of Tutankhamen. The Museum of Islamic Arts founded in 1881. In fact, it contains a vast collection relating to early Islamic civilization.
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The Coptic Museum founded in 1910. It traces the history of the Coptic community in Egypt. Other Cairo Museums maintain collections relating to more modern themes. They are such as El Gawahar Palace and Mahmoud Khalil Museum. In fact, El-Gawhara Palace Museum built in 1811 in the Ottoman style. Mahmoud Khalil Museum founded in 1963. It contains works by Vincent Van Gogh and Paul Gauguin. Moreover, it also has works by Peter Paul Rubens. Furthermore, it also has other European and Egyptian painters of renown.
The City of a Thousand Minarets, Cairo Egypt, is the bustling and crowded capital of Egypt. It offers a deluge of culture of Islamic, Coptic, Modern and Ancient Egyptian. The city divided into 4 main areas. They are Eastern Cairo, Western Cairo, Southern Cairo and Northern Cairo. Each area feature about 8 quarters. Here are some tips you can make use of while in Cairo:
The Nile: Experience the Nile in Cairo Egypt by taking a short cruise through the amazing capital. You can also have lunch at one of the moored restaurant boats while watching the river go by. Moreover, you also can book a dinner cruise and enjoy a scrumptious traditional dinner in the festive ambiance.
Camel rides in Giza: A camel ride is a must-do for every first-time Egypt traveler. Before going on a Camel ride always agree on the price first & only tip if you want to!.
Virgin Mary Tree: If you choose to go on a Holy Family Tour in Cairo Egypt, you will certainly visit Virgin Mary’s tree in the Mataria district. The actual tree you will see is a sycamore which planted back in 1692. The tree is at the same location where the Holy Family rested under. It was on their journey from Palestine to Egypt.
Khan El Khalili: Don't forget to pick-up some souvenirs from this market. Typical souvenirs may include silver ware, gold and precious stones. Moreover, it also includes copper ware, carpets and hand-made goods.
Cairo Opera House: If you are a ballet, Opera or Orchestra fan be sure to visit Cairo Opera House. It features a number of shows throughout the year. Find out more about their schedule on the Cairo Opera House website.
- Dress Code: When in Cairo Egypt, respect the local customs by dressing appropriately. It is especially if you plan to visit churches, mosques and Islamic landmarks.
- Water drinking: It highly recommended to use the bottles of Mineral water for drinking instead of the tap water. The mineral bottles sold everywhere and they are very cheap. The big one is about 08 Egyptian pound. (half of one USD).
- Food: The Egyptian capital offers a wide choice of dining options. The options are from extra-cheap and fast to upscale gourmet dining. You can try the traditional “Taameyya”, “Ful Medammes”. Moreover, you also can try all types of grilled Kebab sandwiches at any snack shop around the corner. Hotels are indeed the home of luxurious restaurants serving an upscale version of local and middle-eastern dishes.
- When you visit the pyramids dress comfortably. Sneakers and a cap are the way to go!.
Cairo International airport is only 15 km from the city center. The airport handles over 22 million passengers. Moreover, it features many facilities such as an Automated People Mover, the Air Mall, and VIP lounges. A new highway also built making your trip to and from the airport quicker and traffic free. Egypt Air (Tel: 392 7649;) has a number of offices around town. Cairo International Airport (Terminal 1 Tel: 265 5000, Terminal 2 Tel: 265 2222) is 20 km northeast of Cairo. Terminal 1 serves Egypt Air’s international and domestic flights. Moreover, Terminal 2 serves all international airlines except Saudi Arabian Airlines. You can find ATMs and exchange booths in the arrivals halls.
The air-conditioned Bus 356 runs at 20-minute intervals from 7 am to midnight. In fact, it is between both terminals and Abdel Moniem Riad square. It is behind the Egyptian Museum in central Cairo (E£2, plus E£1 per large luggage item, one hour). A black-and-white taxi to central Cairo costs around E£45 to E£60. To the airport it costs E£30 to E£35.
Characterful and colonial, Ramses train station is Cairo’s main terminus. It has a left-luggage office charging E£ 2.50 per piece per day and a tourist information office (9 am-7 pm). The train recommended for the journey to Luxor, which, with its Nile views, is something of a classic. In fact, Egypt Sleeping Train (574 9274;) leaves at 8 pm. It arrives in Luxor at 5.05 am the next morning and Aswan at 8.15 am. To Luxor or Aswan costs US$60/80 per person one way in a double/single cabin. Tickets must paid for in US dollars or euros (cash only).
The price includes dinner and breakfast and the experience is enjoyably old-fashioned. Aside from the sleeping train, foreigners can only travel to Luxor and Aswan on train 980. It departs Cairo daily at 7 am and train 996 which departs at 10 pm. Moreover, the train 1902 departs at 12.30 am. First- and 2nd-class fares to Luxor (10 hours) and Aswan (13 hours) are E£67/45 and E£81/47 respectively. You must buy tickets at least a couple of days in advance.
There's an extensive network of buses runs between the major cities in Egypt. Some Bus companies features air-conditions, some refreshments, toilets and an in-ride movie. Buses are by far the best transportation mean for day trips. They are very affordable, but you have to think of making your reservations at least one day in advance.
In fact, there are three main types of Taxis in Cairo. The first type is the old black and white taxis. These have no meter, and the price of the trip usually known fact by everyone. It depends on the length of the journey and the traffic. Simply stand at the side of the road. At the sight of an approaching taxi point one hand towards the road. The taxi driver will slowly cruise past you. As he does, yell out a district or landmark near your destination (eg. Al Azhar). If the driver inclined to head there he will stop for you.
Solo males should sit in the front seat next to the driver. It is customary for solo females to sit in the back seat. Once inside, name your specific destination. Only tourists discuss price at this point. To do so ensures that the driver will spend the entire trip haggling for a high fare. If the driver insists on knowing how much you will pay, name your price. Moreover, if he, or in the rare case, she, doesn't like it you can get out and find another cab. Suppose you followed these instructions and the driver protests vehemently. In that case, he either determined to gouge you or you have genuinely underpaid him.
If you are certain that he tries to gouge you, threaten to take the matter to the tourist police. Something all cabbies fear, and he will usually back down. Keep in mind that many factors affect rates such as traffic, number of passengers and luggage. Also the time of day and remoteness of destination affect. However, please note that the majority of taxi drivers are polite and shy. In fact, they satisfied with what they get, providing the fair offered is close to reasonable. Where you hail your cab does make a difference. The myriad of taxi drivers relaxing on their hoods in front of Cairo's five-star hotels can afford to rest.
They usually charge double, sometimes triple. The going rate and even Egyptians made to pay this rate. Walk 100 yards from the hotel and stand by a busy street and the prices plummet. Beware of the black and white big Peugeot 504 service' taxis. These extra roomy cabs are great if you have a large group or lots of luggage. In fact, they also charge twice the going rate and adamantly demand LE 10 for short hops.
The second type is the new white taxis. These are the revamped versions of the black ones. They have air conditioning, a meter and are newer safer cars. However, when you don't know the way they tend to take the longer route to get you to pay more. Its not uncommon to tip the drivers of those taxis. Those two types of taxis you can stop on any main street.
Try not to catch taxis right outside of hotels though as they tend to overcharge you. The last type of Taxis is the yellow ones. These also have a meter but you call them by phone through a company. They will come to you wherever you are. These are the most expensive ones of course. You can ask the front desk at your hotel to call them for you. It is best to call a couple of hours in advance.
By Local Bus:
In fact, there are two types of buses in Cairo. They are the standard bus and the more expensive air conditioned CTA (Cairo Transport Authority). You can catch either of them in the designated bus stops.
Every drivers worst nightmare; they drive horribly so you have to be ready for a wobbly ride. They are faster than regular buses and can go to smaller streets though. It is easier to use these than buses if you dont speak Arabic.
In fact, Cairo has two metro lines. There is one under construction. It will take people from the airport to Lebanon Square. The metro lines extend vertically and horizontally across the city. The metro system runs indeed efficiently. It is without doubt the quickest and cheapest way to transverse the city, costing just 1 L.E. Of course the metro wont get you everywhere but it will get you around. It is very cheap, fast, safe and recommended to use. Note that there are two carts of every train are only for women.
That is not for religious reasons, but to encourage women to use the metro. It is since they usually experience some harassment on buses. Also, women can ride on all the carts not just the ones designated for them. So if you are a man try not to get in one of these carts. However if you look foreign most women would probably not comment. They just assume you aren't aware of the rule. Using the metro in city is the same as anywhere in the world. You go to the station, get a ticket, find the right track, and get on the train. Metro tickets can purchased at any of the kiosks in the station.
The metro operates daily from about 5:30 am to half past midnight. Intervals between trains vary throughout the day, but waits are never more than 15 minutes. Breakdowns are infrequent, but trains sometimes linger at stations for no apparent reason. Delays also caused by riders holding the doors open for friends behind them, sometimes far far behind them. The two metro lines vary slightly.
The older French-built line running from El Marg to Helwan has 32 stops. Its downtown stations are underground while the rest are on the surface. The underground platforms are comfortably warm in the winter. Moreover, they are stuffy, humid and hot in the summer when the only breezes come from passing trains. The newer Shoubra-Cairo University line is better. It has 18 stops. Consider yourself lucky if your daily commute uses this line. Here under are Some useful exits:
This station is under Tahrir square and just minutes from the Egyptian Museum, Ritz Carlton and Nile Corniche. Moreover, its tunnels double as a pedestrian underpass. This is where the two metro lines meet.
Sayeda Zeinab Station:
This station further south is a useful departure point. It is within walking distance of the ninth century Mosque of Ibn Tulun. A further walk will take energetic tourists to the Citadel, Al Refa'i Mosque.
Mar Girgis Station:
This stop is for the Coptic Museum, the churches and monasteries of Old (Coptic) Cairo. It is also for Synagogue of Ben Ezra.
El Maadi Station:
Good for visits to this affluent suburb, but most of the district requires a car. However, the fifth century Church of the Holy Virgin is only a 15 minute walk from the station.
Helwan Station:This is the last stop. Once a health resort of some renown with curative sulphur
springs the suburb has now become an industrial area.
Cairo Railway Station itself is worth a visit. The building is of historical interest being the first terminal in the Middle East. It built in the reign of Khedive Ismail in 1851. Round the corner is the little-known Railway Museum. It is a two-story building that dates back to 1933 and covers transportation in Egypt from ancient to modern times.
Mohamed Naguib Station:
Exit here for Abdeen Palace which built in the reign of Khedive Ismail between 1863 and 1879. It took over by the government after the 1952 Revolution. Moreover, It recently converted into a national museum.
Exit this station for the Opera House. There is an Opera ticket counter in the subway and one exit leads directly into the Opera House garden. Opera House garden adorned with statues of Egyptian celebrities in the field of culture.
The station to exit for the Mohamed Mahmoud Khalil Museum in Giza Street.