Aswan Nilometer Egypt tours, prices, booking, reviews
Aswan Nilometer located at Elephantine Island in Aswan. In fact, Aswan Nilometer has a greater importance more than showed in most of books about Egypt. Egypt has four Nilometers on the Nile for measurements of the level of water. In fact, the Nilometer which located at the first Cataract of the Nile, was prime. It was the earliest warning of fluctuations in the River’s depth. The changes of water level recorded and published. This information
used to predict silt levels and thus manage the agriculture. The agriculture was completely dependent on the flooding levels of the Nile River. Taxes based on the amount of flooding received up until the middle of the 20th century. Aswan Nilometer is one of the most intact relics of Elephantine Island. In fact, it was an instrument which kept in a state of repair to be useful.
The Nilometer dates back to Roman times, with markings in cubits (about 2 1/3 inches). In fact, it was idle for some time. And then, Aswan Nilometer again rebuilt by the French and Arabs. It was during the 19th century and placed back in use. Hence, it now has markings in French and Arabic. Today, satellites used to measure water levels. Aswan Dam has lessened the need for such instruments. The Nilometer was a structure for measuring the Nile River’s clarity and water level. It was during the annual flood season. The reaches of the Nile running through Egypt burst its banks. It also covered the adjacent flood plain. In fact, it was between June and September. When the waters receded, they left behind a rich deposit of fertile black silt over the croplands. It was between September or October.
Further details about Aswan Nilometer:
The inundation called “akhet” in the Egyptian language. It was one of the three seasons into which the Ancient Egyptians divided their years. It is difficult to overestimate the importance of the annual flood of Egyptian civilization. Moderate immersion was a vital part of the farming cycle. However, the immersion of the lighter than usual would cause famine. Much of the floodwater would be catastrophic. Moreover, much of the infrastructure of Aswan Nilometer which built on the flood plain washed away. To predict the size of the next immersion was part of the charm of the ancient Egyptian priesthood. The same skill played a political and administrative role. It was with the quality of floods which used in general to determine the tax levels to pay. This is where Nilometer came into play. It was with the priests who check the day-to-day level of the river.
They also announce the expected arrival of the summer floods. The simplest design of the Nilometer is the vertical column which submerged in river water. It is with periods which marked and indicate the depth of the water. This simple design found on Roda Island in central Cairo. Though housed in an elaborate stone structure. The second Nilometer design consists of a flight of stairs. It leads to the water, with signs of depth along the walls. The most famous example of this type is Aswan Nilometer. For many Egyptian history, the Fentan was the distinguishing feature of southern Egypt. Therefore, it was the first place to discover the beginning of the annual floods. Kom Ombo Nilometer is a good example with a deep and cylindrical. It also has well and a shovel opens in the perimeter wall. It fact, it located north of Aswan.