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Amir Shaykhu mosque Cairo combines hypo-style features with a cruciform plan. It built in the style of a small congregational facility. After the vestibule there is a courtyard where to the left. A small mashrabiyya enclosure extends out from the wall. Amir Shaykhu mosque Cairo dates back to the mid-eighteenth century. On the Qibla side of the rectangular courtyard is an arcade sanctuary. It faced by another arcade hall across the courtyard. The two lateral sides of the courtyard are each occupied by a recess. It opens onto the courtyard through a double arch sustained by one column only. Amir Sayf al-Din Shaykhu Al-Umari rose through the ranks to become Commander-in-Chief. He also became al-Amir al-Kabir, or “Great Prince”. It was under Sultan Hassan reign in 1354.
He was the first to hold this latter title. His personality said to have alternated between cruel and mystical. Amir Shaykhu belonged to the last generation of Mameluke. He known to have interfered in religious affairs. Moreover, he also commended for his piety in washing the dead during the “Black Death”. He murdered in 1357 at more than fifty years of age. In fact, he built a mosque and madrasa, together with a Khanqah. The Khanqah is a religious hostel for Sufi monks. The two buildings, though built at different times, share many similar architectural elements. He established professorships in the four madhabs in Prophetic traditions and in Quranic readings. He endowed them with considerable wealth. It was although the famine of 1403-1404 reduced the school’s holdings.
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Amir Shaykhu mosque Cairo housed twenty Sufi. Some of their cells remain preserved behind the northern walls of the mosque. When the Khanqah finished, the Sufi moved to the new complex. They moved with their headmasters. with their first headmaster moved to the new complex. Amir Shaykhu mosque Cairo and madrasa date back to 1349. According to al-Maqrizi, it was one of the mosques outstanding and beautiful in Egypt. Amir Shaykhu mosque Cairo located on the northern side of Saliba Street in Cairo. Saliba street runs from below The Citadel of Saladdin to Ibn Tulun mosque and El Sayyeda Zeinab mosque. Amir Shaykhu mosque minaret stands above the portal’s vestibule. It employs prismatic triangles for the transition. They are from the square base to the octagonal shaft. The entrance to Amir Shaykhu mosque Cairo leads first into a vestibule.
It is where three of the walls have embedded pieces of polished black glass. The original purpose of this glass is decoration. Other say that it was to protect the establishment against jinni or evil spirits. They also say it used as curing panels. It is which anybody with an ailment seeking relief could touch or lean against. Just after you enter the vestibule, to the right, you will find a locked door. In fact, this door leads to a tomb. That perhaps intended for the founder. After the Khanqah built, he chose to interred there instead. Like many of the mosques in Cairo, the building not oriented towards Mecca. Inside the Qibla wall (the wall oriented to Mecca) of the sanctuary bent in a diagonal away from the street. Here, an interesting architectural element is also the stone Minbar.
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This is one of the few ancient stone Minbars that still exists in Cairo. Along Amir Shaykhu mosque Cairo sides are geometric decorations that have eroded away. There is also a carved stone which called “dikka”. In fact, it dates back to 1555-56. Dikka is a device to hold the Quran. It indeed is beautiful. Moreover, it consists of a rectangular platform mounted on eight columns. Today it continues to use for Quran readings and lecturing during festive occasions. The Mihrab (pulpit) of Amir Shaykhu mosque Cairo has traditional alternating courses. They are of red, white and blue stone. Its marble paneling belongs to the type favored in the mid-fourteenth century. In the lowest register there glazed tile. It seems to have imported from Tunisia or Spain and embedded at a later date. Amir Shaykhu mosque Cairo is the most beautiful mosque in Mameluke dynasties era.